Because the Third Estate formed the vast majority of the French nation, it was entitled to representation in the national government. Furthermore, popular sovereignty "replaces the bipolar structure of monarchy with the unipolar structure of self-government (Kelley). The power of authority is taken back to the people instead of the government. Popular sovereignty also, "in terms of mimetic theory, is the fundamental structure of sovereignty is the bipolarity of the victim and the mob, and in historical period we have considered, popular sovereignty is the myth of the murder of kings" (Kelley). Mimetic theory is the idea of a mechanism universally operative in human history which is justified in the emerging discipline of evolutionary psychology.
The colonists participated in smuggling to try to avoid the taxes, and The Sugar Act made legal sugar trade and transport extremely complicated and frustrating, which also made smuggling seem more appealing for the colonists (“The Sugar Act”). This caused the British to crack down on smuggling and enforce the collecting of the taxes, further angering the colonists. This is only one of the many acts that taxed the colonists. Each one angered the colonists more and more, ultimately leading to the Revolutionary War and the liberation of the colonies (Tim George, “The 4 Acts That Lead To The American Revolution”). The Sugar Act had affected the colonies in different ways.
This was because of the colonists’ past experience with Britain’s king and him having too much power over the people. The Articles had filled a lot of holes in the government system but left many unresolved problems and because of this, the Articles are considered to be a failed government system. After the revolution, America owed millions of borrowed money to other countries. The government had no right to tax the states for money and thus could not come up with the owed money. The Articles of Confederation failed to solve the country 's problem of debt
Moreover, Britain suffered from national debts throughout the war. The Hessians service that they obtained during the war required money and if the British did not pay them enough, they will not fight well in the battles. Also, the biggest disadvantage for Britain is the Great Pond because it essentially negated most if not all of the advantages. In addition, although Britain won most of the battles, the number of soldiers died during the battles is much greater than that of the
Comparison of Methods: Indian Independence Movement and The French Revolution: The French Revolution (1789-1799) and the Indian Independence Movement (1858-1947) were two parts of history that were similar in some ways while different in others. In the French Revolution, the French government was the Old Regime and that divided France into three Estates. The first estate and the second estate accounted for 3% of the French population and were made up of nobles and the clergy. These people had to pay a very small amount of money as income tax and in some cases no money was taxed. The third estate accounted for 97% of the French population and was made up of the bourgeoisie, which were the French middle class and the poor.
The effect of this tax could be seen as a positive or a negative. When it comes to the research the tax has affected the country in a negative way, simply because the war was fought because of taxes that were seen as not needed as well the fact that the country fought the British to oppose taxes, and then Washington turns around and imposes a tax on the people after what they sacrificed to fight for the right to be free of taxes and to be supportive of their new government was tough because people did not have money to pay taxes at
When people are being treated poorly, people will need to revolt and that is what happened to cause the French revolution. Also, when taxes are unfair such as taxing the lower class heavily and the upper class none people will get mad and revolt ant that lead to the French revolution. Lastly, in a society there can be lots of problems with equality and that happen in france so when the lower class was being treated so poorly compared to the rest of the world they had to make a change so they started a revolution. There were three main cause in the french revolution inequality, unfair taxes, and people being treated
However, in 1773, the East India Company noticed that there was an overproduction of tea and its prices surely would decline (“The Third Imperial Crisis”). Tea was one of the, if not the, most valuable asset to many members in Parliament. Britain was forced to impose a new Tea tax on the colonists, which was aimed to keep the price of tea high. Even this act was reasonable in the eyes of the British, but to the colonists, this was just a British way of assuring dominance considering it was now for profit rather than to pay off debts. The response to the Tea Acts was the Boston Tea Party of 1773 (“The Third Imperial Crisis”).
In Spain hierarchy had been based off wealth and political or social standing. Monarchs and church officials were at the top, non-Christians were at the bottom. In the Americas, power was usually given to the chiefs of the tribe and religious leaders, the people at the bottom were often slaves taken captive after tribal wars. The complexity of the social systems increased tremendously with the miscegenation of the various ethnicities the new contacts brought together. Originally it had benefitted Europeans to marry a local noble women, but when the mestizos, people of mixed Indian and European blood, became so common they threatened to overpower the Spaniards, the crown developed a new social system called the sociedad de castas.
Many Creoles felt Bourbon policy to be an unfair attack on their wealth, political power, and social status. Some Creoles in Venezuela and certain areas that had moved from the periphery to the center during the late colonial era benefitted from the relaxed trade policies. However, this made the Creoles want greater free trade than the Bourbons were willing to grant. It made the Creoles angry with the crown’s preference for the Peninsulares in administrative
The Prosperous and poor joined forces in America because of the taxation put on them by the English crown. The passing of Sugar Act in 1764 was the first of many small but economically divisive taxes passed by the British in an attempt to recover expenses from the colonists. The colonists however were not represented in parliament. Following Locke’s theory of the social contract they demanded representation otherwise they would not pay taxes. These taxes affected the rich and poor alike and when tensions escalated and after Jefferson wrote the Declaration Of Independence, the colonists rebelled.
He did whatever he wanted to the people. He was a tyrant. In the French Revolution the king had the power to keep monarchy and the French
The taxes that the Sugar Act placed made the most money for Britain, more than any of the other taxes did. The colonist were very upset with the Sugar Act because of the way it was enforced. The Sugar Act took away the colonist’s right to a trial by jury when the British set up the Admiralty courts. Admiralty courts were where a judge decides the outcome rather than the colonial courts. The judges would earn 5% of however much the cargo load was worth if they could prove the person accused was guilty.
The French Indian War proved to be the starting point of the American Revolution. During this war Britain neglected the colonies, leading to their growth in military and gained self confidence. Seeing America 's growth and independence, Britain called on the colonies for help, resulting in the backlash that started it all. When Britain imposed policies and taxes on unrepresented American colonists, the tension started to rise. The British felt it was the right way to get out of the debt from ongoing wars with French.
Navigation Laws were passed (1650) to keep outside commerce away from America (no competition) Money shortages occurred in the colonies due to the uneven purchasing of goods between Britain and America (Gold and Silver bullions) & paper currency was depreciated Colonists bought more from Britain than they sold there, is the difference had to be made up for in cash Britain had a veto on American laws, and although it wasn’t used very often Americans hated it The Merits and Menace of Mercantilism Mercantilism (pre 1763) wasn’t too bad In theory the British mercantile system seemed thoroughly selfish and deliberately oppressive Americans got benefits: ship parts were paid for, tobacco= British monopoly, protection by the British army…… NO COST Annoying things about it: America had to depend on Britain (economic initiative) felt like they were trapped in economic adolescence and couldn’t “grow up” Revolution broke out, as Roosevelt said because Britain failed to recognize an emerging nation when he saw one The Stamp Tax Uproar Britain was in great debt (140 million) from protecting the Americas in the 7 Years War, so it wanted to justify their relationship Emerged from the Seven Year’s War holding one of the biggest empires in the