Vicksburg was a critical battle to both the Union and the Confederates because of whom would have the right of the Mississippi River. If the Union won the battle, they would regain control of the Mississippi River; thus, opening vital avenue of commerce that had been closed since secession and denied by Confederate Army since they trained by the river. Furthermore, if the Union took control, they would divide the Confederate States in half, disturb the Confederacy supply route, and cut Richmond off from western half of Confederacy. Cutting of Richmond would achieve a major objective of the Anaconda Plan. Defeating the Confederates was difficult for the Union.
This battle is known as the The Battle of Pea Ridge. This key battle of the Civil War was led by General Samuel R. Curtis of the Union and General Earl Van Dorn of the Confederates. To begin with, before the battle of Pea Ridge the Union had a strong defensive position in Arkansas near LIttle Sugar Creek. The Confederate forces had commanded General Van Dorn to destroy the Union’s position at the Pea Ridge in Arkansas. General Van Dorn came up with a plan to attack the Union soldiers by marching around the Unions location and attacking rear sides.
Though the Civil War began when Confederate troops shelled Fort Sumter on April 12, 1861, the war didn’t begin in earnest until the Battle of Bull Run, fought in Virginia just miles from Washington DC, on July 21, 1861. Popular fervor led President Lincoln to push a cautious Brigadier General Irvin McDowell, commander of the Union army in Northern Virginia, to attack the Confederate forces commanded by Brigadier General P.G.T. Beauregard, which held a relatively strong position along Bull Run, just northeast of Manassas Junction. The goal was to make quick work of the bulk of the Confederate army, open the way to Richmond, the Confederate capital, and end the war. The morning of July 21st dawned on two generals planning to outflank their opponent’s
Vicksburg battle From the spring of 1862 until July 1863, during the American Civil War, Union forces waged a campaign to take the Confederate stronghold of Vicksburg, Mississippi, which lay on the east bank of the Mississippi River, halfway between Memphis To the north and New Orleans to the south.The capture of Vicksburg divided the Confederacy and proved the military genius of Union General Ulysses S. Grant. On May 19, Grant, hoping for a quick victory over a defeated foe, ordered Sherman’s corps to attack along the Graveyard Road northeast of town. Pemberton, the engineer, had developed a series of strong works around Vicksburg, and the Federals were repulsed by the defenders of Stockade Redan, suffering 1,000 casualties. Three days later, coordinated assaults were made: Sherman along the Graveyard Road, Maj. Gen. James McPherson hitting the center from the Jackson Road, and Maj. Gen. John McClernand attacking from the south along the lines of the Baldwin Ferry Road and the Southern Railroad of Mississippi. Although McClernand men briefly penetrated what was called the Railroad Redoubt, all three columns were repulsed, with a total loss of over
The Confederate invasion caught the Union forces off guard. The Union found themselves scrambling to defend New Mexico and Southern Colorado. Colonel Canby decided to reorganize his forces in the area and consolidate at Fort Craig, a main supply depot and fortified position in the area. Col. Canby successfully defends Fort Craig but in the First major battle after the confederate invasion, the Battle of Valverde, the Union loses the city of Albuquerque. Before the Union forces are defeated, the Governors of Colorado and Kansas receive word and assemble a volunteer force.
Lee Did not want to be caught on the defensive so he decided to attack first. His target was a supply base in Manassas. Lee sent half of his army to launch this attack. This Attack was led by Stonewall Jackson Which happens to be the hero of the First Bull Run. 13 months prior to this attack the confederates seized Union supplies and burned down the supply base.
Lee was so fearless he determined to invade the North reiteratively. Robert E. Lee strategy was to drift the fighting away from Virginia and into the Union Territory. He wanted to move the fighting, because the Confederate were under siege in Virginia. Lee hoped to gain recognition from Britain and France for the Confederacy. Joesph Hooker,the Union commander, was exposed to the worst defeat of the Army of Potomac in the Battle of Chancellorsville.
The Battle of New Orleans was a monumentous moment in the evolution of New Orleans. The importance of the Battle of New Orleans was to make sure Britain was not able to conquer New Orleans because they would take control of the Mississippi River and essentially control sea commerce. The events that occurred from 1763-1829 resulted in New Orleans being governed under different regimes to ensure safety from Britain. There are two primary sources that will be discussed in order to help define the time period I have chosen. The first primary source is the Treaty of Paris in 1763.
There was an attempt to have the Mississippi River captured but the Rabalais that works for the US Army Corps of Engineers tried to prevent it. A film was made that showed the efforts of doing so. Text says, “We are fighting Mother Nature…It’s a battle we have to fight day by day, year by year; the health of our economy depends on victory” (McPhee 3). The goal was to stop and slow down the flow of the river before too much of it reached other areas like the Atchafalaya bay or flooded
In 1803, President Jefferson Stroke a deal with James Monroe to join Robert Livingston in assisting in the negotiations. Jefferson writes Robert Livingstone, “…we must learn at once whether we can acquire New Orleans or not.” This negotiations that President Jefferson ordered were for the purchase of New Orleans, and or part of Florida, and if that was not possible, then they would have to purchase only New Orleans, and if that was too not possible, they would try and secure the United States access to the Mississippi River and the port of New Orleans. Acquisition was apparently difficult because of the more powerful Napoleon. He was targeting to retake victory in the continent when he took power in
The initial causes of the outbreak of the Civil War: The Civil War began after the Ordinance of Secession in South Carolina on Dec. 20, 1860. Southerners clung to slavery since it was responsible for the production and wealth of their economy. The North declared slavery "the great moral, social, and political evil of the day." The North’s Republican presidential candidate Abraham Lincoln winning the election in 1860 directly caused the ensuing secession of South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas—even before Lincoln took office. On April 12, 1861, the bombardment at the Battle of Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina and its surrender by Brig.
This sustained fighting was a turning point in modern warfare and more resembled the modern trench warfare of World War I than the methods of 1861. Although Grant maintained the initiative, his strategy led to criticisms that he was a butcher. Victory was elusive. When Grant failed to capture Petersburg, a city that controlled the railways into Richmond, he laid siege to the city. At the same time, General William T. Sherman marched through Georgia, and took Atlanta in September
During this time, the U.S. was split into two sections, the majority of the southern states had seceded from the United States, banding together as their own country known as the Confederate States of America who were fighting the war to keep slavery legal. The northern states maintaining their commitment to the United States were fighting the war to end slavery. The Transcontinental Railroad was going to open up the territories west of the the Missouri River and allow the creation of more free states. Fearing the loss of influence of slave states, the congressional representatives of the south opposed the railroad on financial grounds. Therefore, in 1862, with the commencement of the Civil War, the legislative representatives of the southern states resigned their congressional positions.
During the Civil War, Harpers Ferry interchanged ownership 14 times from 1860 to 1865. The Ferry played a prominent role in the Civil War considering the Battle of Harpers Ferry and Appomattox Court House. The Battle of Harpers Ferry was from September 13th to 15th, 1862 at Maryland Heights. Until the 15th, the Union was triumphant but the Confederates walked out victorious. The Battle of Appomattox Court House was another preeminent battle because it was one of the last battles of the War and determined who was going to administrate The Ferry.
President Abraham Lincoln recognized the significance of the town situated on a 200-foot bluff above the Mississippi River. The battle of Vicksburg had a big impact and also changed the way things were going in the war thus far. When the confederacy lost the Vicksburg battle it took away the control they had over the Mississippi River which denied them the supplies they needed to continue a war effort from both sides. Also winning a battle for the Union contributed to them being able to win the war. There was a total of 4,835 casualties total on the Union side.