The Anarchist Revolution

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Orwell provides a detailed account of his experience in the Spanish Civil War as a broader fight towards a social revolution. The egalitarian revolution was one of great importance for left. While studying their decision making throughout the revolution, the Anarchists, did the best they could given the setting of the situation. The question remains; if the Anarchist revolution had been successful, would it have been a functioning model in the long-term. There were many underlying factors that led to the defeat of the anarchist goals, and the broader left movement in general. International, local and intergroup relations factored into the unfolding events that led to the success of the Franco coup. A true revolution would require a spiritual…show more content…
Orwell touches on the anarchists’ fear of foreign intervention (115). Chomsky argues that the failure of social revolution in Spain, was largely due to the failure of the anarchists (Chomsky 86). An argument for the compromises made by anarchist leaders is that the leaders felt they could prevent the Revolution from deviating. Thus carrying it further beyond the war, and avoiding and dictatorial tendency (Chomsky 88). Analyzed from one perspective, the Anarchist leaders’ actions were based on their political awareness of the situation at the time. Joining the government might have been the only feasible option. The role of the Russian autocrats comes into play here as well. Russian support of the republic and antifascism came from their own concern for soviet security, and hope that the republican victory would advance the greater cause of a wider revolution. The greater more evident weakness of the revolution was that it was never carried through completion (Chomsky 96). There were many reasons behind the defeat of the revolution. The non-intervention Treaty in August 1936 by Great Britain and France, give us a sense of the political atmosphere in the region. Along with the…show more content…
The revolution came after a time where the Bolshevik revolution of 1917 had set the precedent for centralization and suppression of the left. Bolshevik revolution had impact on how the international actors like Great Britain and Germany sought to support the anti-Franco forces. The rise of fascism throughout the 20’s and 30’s, with the rise of Mussolini and Hitler, did not help the anti-Franco forces gain as much as momentum as hoped. Along with Stalin’s foreign policy to prioritize national interest came all too wrong to help the Anarchists and the Left. We must keep in mind that throughout this process, all communist parties that were on the rise during that time, were subordinate to the USSR, which had taken a different unexpected turn themselves decades earlier. As for the Spanish setting itself, the majority of the population was poor, unequal and rural. With elitist landholders, catholic hierarchy and military officers that eventually fled from fear. The peasantry population was radicalized and became distrustful of the authority. Thus, when the Franco coup started in the Northern tip of Morocco, and with so many different ideologies fighting for their own cause, it was evident that the strong successional movements in Catalonia, Castillo and Basque. The international volunteers however, came in from many countries to support the revolutionary cause. This came at the expense
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