The quote above concerning the evil of faith is taken from an article written by Richard Dawkins and published by the American Humanist Association; it is titled Is Science a Religion?. Of course, Dawkins’ answer is no. He argues that because science is based on ‘reason’, ‘observation’ and ‘verifiable evidence’ it different from religion, which is based on faith. According to Dawkins, ‘faith is one of the world’s greatest evils’ because it is ‘belief that isn’t based on evidence’ and to Dawkins this is juvenile and reprehensible. Before continuing, there are several key terms that require clarification.
Thus, Greg Bear didn`t just write a fiction that is based on his phantasy, his aim was to show different scientific problems in the way that can make it more intelligible for its meaning for human`s life. However, the novel ‘Blood music’ cab be considered as ‘too much science fiction’: in the end of the book, we have very different kind of reality with new forms of life that is out of the scope of possible scientific explanations. This remark we need to keep in mind during the whole analysis of this
In an argument essay from Johnson- Sheehan, he counterfeits the disadvantage about metaphor in science. “We cannot make up our minds about how ‘normal’ metaphors work or how they are used, then how are we to resolve these issues with scientific metaphors?” (John-Sheehan, 177). There is limitation to our imagination and it leads to conflict with the cultural views. Metaphor is used as a sophisticate way of sarcasm and as a beautiful lie. Most of Darwin’s ideas are based on metaphor, he reasons by analogy, but at the same time there are some problem of doing so, and the major difficult in Darwin’s text is how to make sense of the process that he described.
I wonder what type of theme Nathaniel Hawthorne was trying to prove in this story? In my opinion the theme is Science versus Nature. There are many ways to prove this in “The Birthmark.” First being through Aylmer and the second being through the narrator (Nathaniel Hawthorne). “The Birthmark” is a parable that teaches that science can not rule over nature’s way of life. Moreover “The Birthmark” could say that man is not perfect, but the flaws of man make each one special.
The Scientific Revolution (1543-1688) consisted of thinkers who started to question the old “truths” about astronomy, chemistry, biology, and were now having a more secular outlook on the universe that did not solely revolve around God’s creation. This was also a time where the Catholic Church was doing its best to claim power over the people. However, people were no longer willing to accept all of the church’s ideas. The church still held the majority if power so thinkers who were brave enough to publically contradict the church were executed. As more thinkers started working together and hypothesis turned into undeniable facts, some secular ideas were accepted.
We may understand Gould to mean that one can have both a scientific and religious perspective on the world, but more importantly, his account pinpoints how nature does not, because it cannot, provide evidence that would somehow be available through the moral lens of the human. We cannot apply such tools toward mechanisms that require a different mode of operation.
At that time, most of Europe doubted that Leibniz founded calculus, and that it was Newton. The board that decided this was Voltaire’s peers, so this was an unjust decision. Another controversial topic was Leibniz’s ideology of religion/theodicy. “The Theodicy tries to justify the apparent imperfections of the world by claiming that it is optimal among all possible worlds.” (quote 3) He asserted that since God created all that God would not chose to create an imperfect world because otherwise God would have excluded those imperfections. He also stated that truths between philosophy and religion cannot dispute each
Two theories that were thought to be impossible to prove—Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity and the idea of neutrons—could be shown using pulsing radio waves. The importance of pulsars in physics is undisputed, but it is still debated who should be credited with discovering pulsars. It is undeniable that Jocelyn Bell Burnell played a significant role in discovering pulsars, but she will never be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her work. The Nobel Prize (which honors scientists who drastically contribute to humanity like Alfred Nobel did) went to her graduate advisor, Anthony Hewish, and his mentor, Martin Ryle, instead of being jointly awarded to Jocelyn Bell Burnell as well. Pulsars could not have been discovered without work that Burnell did.
Darwin was known for trying his best to present his scientific ideas in a way that it did not offend any believer or even in some perspectives were compatible with God. But his theory has been manipulated by both supporters and opposes of his work. Many people from a religious perspective believe that Darwin's theory undermines the fundamental beliefs that they hold, almost as an attack to their values (Dennett, 1995). Darwin's theory is that humans have evolved over time from other organisms, this is almost a slap-in-the-face for one of Christianity's core beliefs. Which is that God made us in His image when He made Adam and Eve; this means that above any other creature on the planet humanity has a special relationship with God.
Faith and reason are thought to be foundations of defense for religious beliefs, having the same purpose many theologians and philosophers argue their relationship. Many believing that reason relies on faith while others think that just because you do not believe in one you are going to believe in the other, Karen Armstrong would agree since she suggests that they are not like political parties. Many theorists believe that reason is more on the logical side of the spectrum while faith is directed towards your beliefs and understandings of religious and theological claims. While scientists have argued they are not compatible because reason by itself gives us the answers to human life and faith is not a reliable source to provide us with those answers. Terry Eagleton suggests that they are one in the same and rely on each other.