On April 11, 1970, the Apollo 13 mission broke the mold of space exploration programs. Three men, one spacecraft, and a Mission Control crew set off for what was supposed to be an exploration and experimentation of rocks found on the moon. This mission became one of the most miraculous events in history. The Apollo 13 is significant to exploration, encounter and exchange in history in that it set the foundation for the space program's growth and further development. The spacecraft’s crew encountered many obstacles during the mission leading NASA to take stronger precautions for future missions. Three astronauts, 205,000 miles from Earth, in a crippled spacecraft rely on teamwork and the desire to survive.
The Apollo 16 mission was the 16th lunar mission. It launched from the Kennedy Space Center on April 16, 1972. The crew included Charles M. Duke Jr., John W. Young, and Thomas K. Mattingly II. Once on the moon, the crew was the first to use the lunar roving vehicle (LRV) to cover greater distances than could be achieved by walking. They made visits to Spook Crater, Cinco Craters, and North Ray Crater, among other locations.
Armstrong was the first to step out of the module onto the moon, and was followed by the module pilot, Buzz
Neil Armstrong became the first person to step foot on the moon. As Neil said, it was, “One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind” (The Space Race). 20 minutes after Neil stepped onto the moon, Edwin Aldrin became the second man on the moon. Spacecraft was in orbit for a total of 8 days, 3 hours, 18 min, 35 seconds. The spacecraft also traveled a total of 953,054 miles.
By the time millions of Americans were tuned in to watch Neil Armstrong take his first step on the moon, millions of dollars and scientists had been invested into the mission for a decade. The challenge given by President John F. Kennedy in 1961 began NASA´s preparation for landing on the moon in order to answer the questions concerning what we could find in space and in order to beat the Soviet Union in the Space Race. Firstly, unmanned Apollo Missions were sent into space in order to test the structure of the launch vehicles. On January 27, 1967, efforts were momentarily thwarted when a fire broke out at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida and 3 astronauts were killed. It wasn´t until 1968 that the first manned space mission orbited earth.
Apollo 13 was a successful failure. This is because the astronauts had to duck a mission to overcome the obstacles they faced. Apollo 13 was a successful failure because it was a mission to the moon, with many challenges along the way, as well as surviving the free fall back to earth, safely.
NASA bumped him down to the Apollo 14 mission - which was the 5th space capsule to land on the moon with human life forms inside - because they said he needed more time to train. They launched Alan Shepard, Edgar Mitchell and Stuart Roosa in Apollo 14 on January 31, 1971. They landed safely enough with just a few minor setbacks, something that NASA always seemed to have at one point or another. Shepard and one of his crew members, Ed Mitchell, went on the moonwalk to find more geological samples even though Shepard made it very clear to a number of geologists that rocks weren’t important to him.
Apollo missions took exploration to another level. Apollo 11 mission was the mission that allowed man to land on the moon. The motivation that led to the discovery was much related to the unsuccessful “N1” Rocket. NASA was also motivated politically, they wanted to beat Russia to the moon and prove that they could be successful. Questions asked were, could they be the first one to make it to the moon?
They landed in the moons ocean of storms. He explored the surface of the moon while doing multiple surface experiments. They also did the amazing feat of putting the first nuclear power generator station on the moon. This mission was to get a power source on the moon. He made the trek of 250,000 miles in order to complete this mission; it was worth it though, I mean look at those pictures taken by fellow astronaut Richard Gordon.
3,2,1 Blast off! Apollo 13 was launched into space on April 11, 1970. Little did the three crew members know that they were aboard what one day would be considered NASA’s greatest failure. There are many reasons for people to better understand the problems in Apollo 13. First, the main problem was the oxygen tank that was blown up during the blast off.
On November 8th, 1960, John Kennedy wins presidency against Richard Nixon. On May 25th, 1961, Kennedy proposed the moon program, the space race had begun. On July 20th, 1969, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin were the first two men to land on the moon, the U.S.A had won the space race. It took them a total of three days to reach the moon's lunar orbit. Apollo 11 was launched on July 16th, 1969, and it took a total of twelve minutes to escape Earth's atmosphere.
The same year, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was formed (“The Space Race”). In 1959, the Soviet Union sent a man, Yuri Gagarin, into orbit around the earth on the satellite Luna 2. The U.S. responded by launching Mercury-Redstone 3 into space carrying
So on NASA started working on the spacecraft “Apollo 11” this aircraft costed 25 billion dollars to build. Then on Dec 7. NASA announces the Gemini Program, which was NASA’s second human spaceflight program. Then on February 20. John Glenn Orbited the earth 3 times in a row, then when he returned home NASA observed him to see if everything was okay with him ,and everything was okay
On July 20, 1969, astronaut Neil Armstrong walked on the moon: or perhaps not. That is what some people think. They believe the "Moon Landings" were faked, in order to cheat the public out of billions of dollars and so that we could win the space race against the Soviet Union. According to conspiracy theorists, the scientists at N.A.S.A. realized during the Apollo missions that either is was technically impossible to reach the Moon ir that it cost too much. So, the government built a secret movie studio somewhere in the southwest and used special effects to pretend that the astronauts had landed on the Moon. Then, the "historic event" was sent through television to the entire world who, for the most part, believed it.