Socrates is accused of studying things in heaven and below the earth. He is accused of provoking the young citizens to stop trusting the politicians blindly and think for themselves. It is said that he makes the weak argument strong and vice-versa. Socrates puts forth four arguments to defend himself against the first charge of corruption of the youth. He says that Meletus, who was his principle accuser, is bringing forth a charge he is ignorant about and has no knowledge of.
“Such, then, is the charge. Let us e amine each point in this charge. Meletus says, then, that I commit injustice by corrupting the young. But I, men of Athens, reply that ids Meletus who is guilty of playing around with serious matters, of lightly bringing people to trial, and of professing to be seriously concerned about things he has never cared about at all-and I’ll try to prove this” (Page 654). Socrates question Meletus personal thoughts of him; by bringing evidence of the memories the two men shared with each other.
In this statement, Socrates mentions that even he started to fall for the accusers’ manipulative explanations, but he knows-and points out- the fact that they are lying. In addition, Socrates says he will use simple language so the jury can completely understand him, rather than larger, more complex words that the jury may think they know, but don’t fully understand. Unfortunately, the jury doesn’t take this into account and becomes biased, based on the accusers’ manipulative case, therefore charging Socrates unjustly. Socrates had been questioning things, seeking for the truth and getting people to think for themselves for his entire life. Why are his accusers only now charging him at the age of 70, instead of when he was younger?
These two questions were the main idea of the discussion between Socrates and his friends: Glaucon, Adeimantus, Polemarchus, Cephalus… Socrates asks the question of the definition of justice, each one of the interlocutors answers the question in his own way that, according to Socrates, reflects his own personality. One of the important definitions given was that given by Thrasymachus: he defines justice as the advantage of the stronger. “Now listen, I say that the just is nothing other than the advantage of the stronger. Well why don’t you praise me? But you won’t be willing”.
In The Clouds, by Aristophanes, and The Apology by Plato, Socrates is illustrated in distinctive ways. In The Clouds, Aristophanes tries to expose Socrates and his followers, the Sophists. In his play, Aristophanes shows that Socrates is contaminating the young men of Athens, and he uses mockery to magnify a lot of the lessons delivered by Socrates. Plato, who was a devoted advocate of Socrates, portrayed his advisor in a positive way. Even though majority of The Apology is literally a speech narrated by Socrates, we can guess that Plato was intrigued by the story enough to twist it in a way that would highlight Socrates, and the picture was thoroughly diverse from that of Aristophanes.
The Apology tells the story of the trial Socrates is placed on as a result of the government officials believing that his creation of false idols has resulted in corruption of the youth of Athens. While the religious leaders view his actions as disrespectful, Socrates believes that it is his duty to offer clarification upon the “wisdom” these leaders of the society had to offer. Ironically, the word “apology” serves as an expression of regret in the English language; however, it is derived from the Greek “apologia,” which translates as a defense or justification of belief. Thus, I believe that Plato strategically calls this piece of writing “apology” in order to symbolize the various and opposing perspectives that can be associated with one
Through examining Meletus’s accusation Socrates comes to two conclusions, one is that he is not corrupting the youth; the second is that he is corrupting the youth but he is doing so unwillingly and therefore should not be charged, brought to trial, or punished but instructed on how to prevent it from continuing to happen (26a). Additionally, Socrates continues to use the Socratic Method to examine the second accusation against him from Meletus, impiety. Socrates asks Meletus many questions regarding his accusation and Meletus eventually admits to the jury that Socrates believes in spirits and that spirits are gods or their children (27d). Socrates then states that there is no way that the jury would believe that a
51). Socrates states that in his escape he would have to commit injustices, whether it be by bribing the prison guard, or by implicating his friends in his actions. Therefore if Socrates would have to commit any injustice to escape, he believes he is better off staying put. Committing acts of injustice would corrupt his life. “…one must never in any way do wrong willingly, or one do wrong one way and not in another?
Instead, Socrates chooses to question Crito’s request and comes to the conclusion that it is best for him to stay. After reading Plato’s Apology and Crito, I can conclude that according to Socrates human virtue is knowledge (wisdom). In this paper I will present two disputes that’s Socrates uses to prove what human virtue is. In Apology, one argument Socrates makes is that he is not wise. Socrates starts this off by explaining how Chaerephon went to the god Delphi, and Delphi asked if he knew any man that was wiser
I believe that Socrates was a man who looked beyond the physical world and strived to gain as much knowledge as he could through asking questions and continuing to learn from others and in turn teach others, thus making him wise and striving to live the best life. Socrates was confident, but not arrogant. He had reason to believe that he was truly the wisest, as he could not find one example to disprove the Delphi’s claim that “no one is wiser” than Socrates. (Apology 21a). Socrates wanted to assure that this claim was true before presenting this idea to others so that he did not come off as arrogant.
I am a leader, a whole hearted person that believes in the greater good, a selfless individual, an intellectual young adult, and a brave character, and it is on account of these qualities that I feel Montclair State University is the school for me. Being that I am an individual that has matured intellectually, emotionally, and now has the motivation needed to seek a positive trajectory and path in life, and I believe this school could only help further my growth as a person and strengthen my academic abilities. Writing has always been one of my strong suits and it is the best method I’ve learned as a way to express myself. Growing up, I had a rough childhood, and it was through reading and writing that I learned to better my perspective towards life. As a child, I grew a deep interest towards fiction books of all sorts, and the books that I was most intrigued by were the ones with a courageous and vigorous female main character.
During his trial, Socrates is being charged with corrupting the youth of Athens and not believing in the Gods. The rebuttal Socrates uses for being accused with corrupting the youth of Athens is "... either I do not corrupt them, or I corrupt them unintentionally, so that on either view of the case you lie. If my offence is unintentional, the law has no cognizance of unintentional offences: you ought to have taken me privately, and warned and admonished me; for if I had been better advised, I should have left off doing what I only did unintentionally - no doubt I should; whereas you hated to converse with me or teach me, but you indicted me in this court, which is a place not of instruction, but of punishment." Meaning that he hasn 't been corrupting the youth but if he was then he 's not the only one doing so. That there are so many more influencers out in the world then him and that he 's not responsible for corrupting ALL of the youth of Athens.
Socrates corrupted youth/ made them believe something different, and made them believe in something different. He did not believe in Athenian Gods which might have led to his students to not believe in them which led to corrupting the youth in making them not believe in their religion, where they have adapted to and lived in, this was his charge against impiety. Socrates even had a chance to stop his teachings and live on with his life but he said