People are often averse to the truth. Plato wrote “The Apology” in order illuminate the hostility towards real truth because he believed he had an obligation to reveal how easily thought could be manipulated. Plato documents Socrates’s final address to the jury before he is due for execution. Socrates had been accused of using such embellished language throughout his explanations that he had caused a severe confusion to the people and then an eventual embarrassment; thus, allowing the people to reject what Socrates had been trying to preach. This creates a dismissal of Socrates’ ideas throughout the people and generates an even greater divide of thought.
New accusers say that Socrates corrupts the youth and does not believe in the gods of the State, and has new divinities of his own. To defend himself against these charges, Socrates asks Meletus some questions. As a result, Meletus is shown to be contradicting himself and making accusations that are absolutely absurd. To the question “Who are the improvers of the youth?” Meletus replies that they are all citizens, but not Socrates, arguing that he is only one who is corrupting them. At the same time, he recognizes that no one would intentionally make the people worse because he is obliged to live among them.
In conclusion Odysseus lied to the suitors, his wife Penelope, and the Cyclopes. He lied to the suitors because he wanted to make them pay after revealing himself. Also he lied to Penelope because he wanted to first prove himself to her. Lastly he lied to Cyclopes because he did not want him to find and destroy his ship. Although Odysseus lied many times throughout the book he was very clever about them, which not only help him be disguise himself from people but also get himself out of
Thus the people who do injustice like kings and tyrants are unhappy. Socrates then asks Polus which is more shameful doing injustice or suffering it, and Polus replies that doing injustice is more shameful. That is why Socrates believes that doing injustice is much worse than suffering it for it is more shameful and that person will be unhappy because of that shame. I think that anyone who is put in the place of Polus will reply the same, since nobody would want to feel the guilt and the shame of doing injustice. The act of committing injustice actions goes back to the root of
How does people always make false faces in front of somebody? Did we get used with being a pretender to others? “Misanthrope” is a comic play created by Moliere. Misanthrope came from the Greek word misanthropia which means hatred of humankind or distrust to humankind. Famous philosophers of the world like Aristotle, Socrates and Plato had discussion about the hatred among their fellowmen for the reason that they continue to fail their expectation.
The claim attributed to him by Plato that "an unexamined life is not worth living"… he inspired his followers to think for themselves instead of following the dictates of society and the accepted superstitions concerning the gods" (Mark 1). Do to Socrates' carefree lifestyle of no conformity, he was often accused of breaking laws and customs. Similarly, The Apology and Crito, speaks of Socrates experience with these accusations and how he believes persuasion is the most effective means of protest. The Apology is a dialogue written by Plato in 399 BC. The Apology features a speech presented by Socrates during his trial with the government.
In “Anthem”, by Ayn Rand, Equality 7-2521 is completely unaware that the Council he trusts is actually plotting against him to maintain control of the society, but comes to realize the truth about his society as he questions its morals and eventually runs away to make his own path. This leads to his ultimate realization that his society is completely and totally evil. He weeps when he discovers the word “I”. He had been searching for a word that could suffice for that meaning, but never found it until he ran away from the society to discovery it. The society in Anthem was morally wrong for a handful of reasons.
Odysseus’ arrogance is shown in his behavior towards the Cyclops. He insults the Cyclops purely to seem more powerful than he is instead of focusing on protecting his men. His arrogance leads to him having an inflated self worth. This inflated self worth causes him to feel that he can insult the Cyclops without consequences, this proves to be untrue as Poseidon punishes Odysseus later throughout the story. Yet, this is not the only time Odysseus’ arrogance impacts an interaction with the Cyclops.
At first you tell yourself that it’s all a dirty joke, or that it’s due to the ‘political situation’. But deep down you come to suspect that you’re yourself to blame” (Ellison 575). Through this quote, readers see that the invisible man’s finally understands the cause of his misfortune: by blindly conforming to the expectations of society for so long, he himself is partly to blame. He pushed away help from Emerson because of a misguided faith in the system that oppressed him. He began to depend on the racial walls of society expectations that limited him to make decisions.
This was a real cause for people to associate Socrates with being a sophist and perpetuated people to falsely believe that Socrates was actually a sophist who questioned and corrupted the minds of the youth. The unfair association of Socrates being a sophist thereby led to his trial because people were afraid of his methods of questioning because it would cause the youth to lose confidence in the political system of Athens. Socrates, however, defends himself against Meletus, one of his accusers, in ‘The apology’ saying that he was not a sophist: ”if you had heard anyone say that I try to educate people and charge a fee, there is no truth in that” (19E). He did not charge people, but due to old rumours and the play ‘Clouds’ it had led to his conviction because his ways of questioning the Athenian polis was a threat not only to the aristocratic ruling party’s power and status but also a threat to the social stability of Athens both at that time and possibly even in future. This is summed up by Protagoras, an Ancient Greek philosopher, who examines that “It would be wrong to use violence to try to overthrow the laws but a wise sophist might by skilful argument persuade a city to change its
Socrates corrupted youth/ made them believe something different, and made them believe in something different. He did not believe in Athenian Gods which might have led to his students to not believe in them which led to corrupting the youth in making them not believe in their religion, where they have adapted to and lived in, this was his charge against impiety. Socrates even had a chance to stop his teachings and live on with his life but he said
The most compelling evidence is how Mr. Hundert changed Sedgwick grade on the essay in order for him to compete in the prestigious Julius Caesar competition. It turns out that Mr. Hundert lied and what he did was wrong. He simply broke the universal moral code or moral truths which states not to lie, for this reason he also broke Kant theory, because it states that whether or not breaking a rule produces good consequences it is not a relevant factor in determining the moral quality of the act. This was very strange to me because out of everyone I thought that he would have the strongest moral code, but after seeing that he ran away with the other boys after hitting the baseball though the headmaster car window I should have started questioning