When it comes to justice, Polemarchus believes that justice is “…helping friends and harming enemies.”. Socrates questions this point of view because according to Polemarchus’ view point, only the people who are close to him and in his circle of friends would be worthy of any kind of Justice. Polemarchus is wrong in this viewpoint because if only the people that you know who are of your similar social status and you interact with on a day to day basis are considered friends, what of those that you do not know? Or what of those who are not of your social status, that you do not interact with? Socrates questions this by asking, “Do you mean by friends those who seem to be good to an individual, or those who are, even if they don't seem to be, and similar with enemies?”.
The father of western philosophy has a doctrine of virtue, he presents that the philosophical life is the best life; but he is put to death for his teachings. Socrates was executed in 399 B.C.E in Athens, his infamous trial was documented by his student, Plato who distributed "The Apology," 40-50 after the trial occurred. Socrates allowed himself to be put on trial because he believed that his death would shine light on his life as well as his teachings; thus, he intentionally lost the trial. At 70, Socrates was put on trial for atheism, his investigation of things below and aloft of the Earth, his education to younger students, and the corruption of the youth of Athens; these charges were pressed Meletus, Anytus, and Lycon. Throughout the entirety of the trial he never stopped talking and searched for justification for
Socrates was put to trial, accused of spoiling the youth of Athens, tried and sentenced to death. His personal defense is described in works two of his students: Xenophon and Plato. Both of them wrote papers called Apology, which is the Greek word for “defense”. In this essay I used Apology by Plato as the main resource, since it contents a more full account of the trial of Socrates and his words. Despite the fact that the philosopher attempted to defend himself and explain the reasons for saying and doing the things he did, it did not do any good for his justification.
The conspirators thought that the plebeians would understand their motives, but, instead,“the city was in shock, and people became increasingly more hostile” after the assassination (Wasson). The commoners sided with Anthony and Octavian, ignoring the lack of justifications that the conspirators and Brutus provided. They were angry that their beloved king had been assassinated by the senators who were supposed to be working and supporting him. The author of The Assassination of Julius Caesar. A People’s History of Ancient Rome and political scientist, Michael Parenti, stated that Caesar’s assassination “marked a turning point in the history of Rome.
The most common character that carries that trait is of course Willy. Willy shows betrayal from the very beginning, when the author told us about Willys’ affair. By having an affair, Willy not only betrayed Linda but he also betrayed Biff as he lost his trust. The reason why he might betray a lot is because he is afraid of betrayal and so in order to overcome it and not feel like he was ever betrayed, he goes and betrays. As mentioned above, Willy reflects Biffs’ failure in business as a reflection of his own dreams of succeeding although he only succeeded for a short while in his life.
The character Strepsiades is a student that is used to bring out the impatience in Socrates. This tactic works because Strepsiades is unable to grasp the concepts taught in the school. Aristophanes’ comical writing on Socrates can decipher him as a bad person, however, there is no specific statement where he states Socrates is a bad person. The only part of the passage that may indicate that Socrates is “morally bad” is in the second scene, where he’s quick to give up on Strepsiades. This context also covers the topic of just and unjust, which happens in front of Pheidippides.
In Plato’s Apology, Socrates is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by corrupting the youth. Socrates defends himself, but his defense does not work. He loses the trial which leads to him be sentenced to death, and he has to face death. Throughout his defense, he brings up the subject of death and constructs a proper view of death. Socrates regards death as not being a bad thing.
Socrates found guilty of corrupting the youth, not believing gods, and practicing daimonic activity and the court put him in the prison. Socrates friend Crito came to prison to take Socrates out of the prison. However, Socrates believed escaping from the prison was unjust move and he denied the idea of escaping the prison. Crito who was one of his close friends could not just let Socrates die in front of him, so Crito started to question Socrates of why he thought it is unjust to leave the prison. Crito opened an argument on what people would think of him when Socrates die and the other argument was that it is not just for him to not escape from the prison.
This can be highlighted in a quote by him stating, "the unexamined life is not worth living". Here, Socrates stresses that those who do not have a concern of how they live their life in respect to others do not live a meaningful life (84). After his unfortunate execution for "corrupting the youth" Socrates legacy and ideals were then continued through the life of Plato (84). Years after, Plato became most known for his dialogues regarding ethics and his challenging of current politics. It was these two classical thinkers who were the spotlight of the Renaissance.
The Thirty Tyrants went on to terrorise Athens until their they were overthrown, but due to the democratic nature of Athens they could not be punished for their actions directly. The Athenians sought reparation for the damages brought by the Thirty Tyrants. Unfortunately as they could not directly punish the individual tyrants, so they chose to punish their teacher, Socrates, who they were assured corrupted these men during their formative years under his wing. Along with Socrates’ consistent criticism of the Greek Gods and their specific formation of democracy also tarnished his public image. Regardless of Socrates’ right to freedom of speech, his words discrediting the