They stressed on Indian expertise in administration. Devdatta Ramakrishna Bhandarkar (1875- 1950) was one such historian who published books on Ashoka and ancient Indian political institutions. Other notable writers were Hemachandra Raychaudhuri (1892-1957), who wrote on the time of the Bharata war (10th century) to the end of the Gupta empire and also, R.C. Majumdar (1888-1980) who was the general editor of the multi-volume publication History and Culture of the Indian
Indian writers like Bankim Chandra Chatterjee (Bengali, 1838-1894) and others made use of this newly acquired concept of nationalism to attack colonial rule, and in the process created their own brand of nationalism, rooted in the native land. Bankim Chandra wrote many historical novels like Durgesh Nandini (1965), and Anand Math (1882), acquired a pan-Indian popularity and made nationalism and patriotism a part of dharma. This was a distinctive concept of universalism that was accepted by many as a reply to western colonialism. Revivalism and reformism were natural corollary of the newly emerging idea of nationalism. Rabindra Nath Tagore (Bengali, 1861-1942) said that the unity of India always be in the diversity.
His works have given people outside Indian nations to peek into the cultures which revolve a fictitious South Indian town, Malgudi. His works include novels like ‘The Guide’, ‘The English Teacher’, and ‘A Tiger for Malgudi’. Both writers regardless of somewhat different backgrounds share a common trait in which both writers employed the use of realism in their works. Based ‘The Ruined Nest and Other Stories’ and ‘The Guide’, both Tagore and Narayan portrayed the bits and pieces of the Bengali and Indian lives in their true forms eliminating the idealistic
What Anshuman A Mondal reads as reason being bound with desire in the novel can also be read as satwa being entwined with rajas in human life. Even Assistant Superintendent of Police Jyoti Das who shows a remarkably grand philosophical objectivity in his attitude to and association with the world and the life, ultimately succumbs to rajas when ‘terrified of the future, without a past, aware only of the prickings of his painfully virginal flesh’(The Circle of Reason 440) he becomes obsessed with Kulfi. Bhudeb Roy, another important character in the story, initially appears to be the epitome of rajasik guna. Balaram’s sattvik scrutiny revealed that Bhudeb Roy’s project of opening the school was not wholly spiritual; and that even his worship of Ma Saraswati was ‘not learning’, but ‘Vanity’( The Circle of Reason 33). Ironically enough, it is this same Bhudeb Roy, Balaram’s alter-ego, his doppelganger, who speaks out sattvik sentiment after the plane crash: “ A new time beckons.
Though not admittedly feminist, Anita Desai is aware of a predicament of Indian women writers. She says, “where as a man is concerned with action, experience and achievement, a women writer is more concerned with thought emotion and sensation”. Anita Desai has been righty considered as the forerunner of the contemporary women’s fiction as she has produced novels which have evoked an
Surēśvara is regarded and respected as one of the foremost teachers of Advaita. In the school of Advaita he is popularly known as Vārtikakāra, a term suggestive of respect and authority. Second only to Śaṅkarācārya, he has been provided with a permanent place in the galaxy of Vyāsa and Śaṅkarācārya. Comprehending Surēśvara’s thought can be comprehended better by having an insight in to his philosophical and religious background. According to tradition, Surēśvara is considered as both an adamant Mīmāmsaka and a staunch Advaitin.
He travelled through a path entirely different from his contemporaries. Kaṇāda became very popular as the founder of Vaiśeṣika Darśana. The Vaiśeṣika sutras were chiefly composed by him. It was Śankaramiśra who wrote a commentary to Vaiśeṣika Sutra. The vrithi written on Vaiśeṣika sutra by Ravana Bhaṣya and Bharadvaya seems to be lost Śankaramiśra wrote an independent treatise (1500AD) called Kaṇādabhaṣhya.
He is considered as an ideal devotee of Rama and is known to pierce his chest in order to show his devotion to Rama. He along with his allies, including Angada, Jambvana, Nala and Neela, with the aid of Sampati, elder brother of Jatayu, was successful in locating Sita by crossing the vast ocean and finding her in captive at Asoka Vana. He, after being held and humiliated by Ravana, burnt the whole city of Lanka with his tail. He played a vital role during the war between Rama and Ravana and also played a major role in the recovery of Lakshmana from his state of unconsciousness by bringing Sanjeevani herbs from Himalaya. He is known to exist even today and some evidences have proved his existence in our modern
QUESTION – IDENTIFY A MARGINALISED WRITER AND ANALYSE ONE WORK OF THE IDENTIFIED WRITER ON THE GROUNDS OF THE FOLLOWING: • THEMATIC STUDY • CRITICAL ANALYSIS CHITRA BANERJEE DIVAKARUNI Chitra Banerjee Divakaruni is one of the best known Indian writers who have a feminist ideology. Chitra, an American based Indian writer, is known for her bold and fearless remarks on themes that include the Indian experience, contemporary America, history, myth, superstitions, faith and most importantly, feminism and discrimination on the grounds of gender. She is well known worldwide and her works are translated into 29 languages, inspiring marginalized victims of marginalized communities, across the globe. She has won an American Book Award and a Light of
A fragrance of south Indian culture breathed through Malgudi Days through his narration of the town Malgudi or his famous Talkative Man or pyol, jutka etc. There is a message of moderation in his short stories which could be sustained only through selfless and dispassionate life. He succeeds in adapting to the traditional myths of India and representing them through his subtle narration that totally wins in holding the reader’s attention. P.S. Sundaram calls Narayan’s work as “religious fables”.