Introduction Ethnic cleansing can be defined as the removal or killing of members of one ethnic group in the area by those of another ethnicity. This mostly takes place where the land or area is controlled by rival ethnic groups and they create more a unified nation-state by driving out the minorities, mostly used in the final phase of war in order to take control of the territory. It could also be explained as the use of force or intimidation to remove people of a certain ethnic or religious group from an area. The practice of ethnic cleansing is said to have a method: terror. It has a smell: the fetid misery of refugees.
The Tutsi rebels defeated the Hutu and gained power, but their population was devastated. The author mentions five characteristic common in all genocides. The first one is racial hatred or a prejudice against a particular group. In the case of Rwanda, it was the hatred of the Hutu for the Tutsi. The Second
The term genocide was first formulated by Raphael Lemkin which he constructed from the Greek word 'genos', meaning 'race' or 'tribe' and the word 'cide' meaning 'to kill’. Lemkin describes genocide as "the destruction of a nation or of an ethnic group", with a coordinated plan to exterminate that specific group on the simple basis of culture, religion, ethnicity, or racial discrepancies. The term Genocide was only brought into existence in 1944 by Raphael, and was turned into international law December 9th, 1948. The following events depict terrible atrocities that countries have committed, whether it was to escape persecution or to attack the enemy, these were acts that leave a lasting impression on people. The Bosnian genocide refers to one of the greatest atrocities that Europe has experienced since the events of WWII.
Such discrimination has even resulted in policies of ethnical cleansing and genocide. Genocide is the organised killing of a people for the express purpose of putting an end to their collective existence. That is, to wipe a certain category of people out as if they never existed. An example of this is the Armenian Genocide, the first genocide of the 20th century. It represents a major tragedy of the modern age, in which almost an entire nation was destroyed.
The Khmer Rouge regime believed eliminating all Western ideas, exposure to the outside world, and anti-capitalist policies would repair Cambodia. Pol Pot wanted to destroy the past and start Cambodia from “Year Zero”. The Khmer Rouge set the goal to eliminate all Western ideology from Cambodia. In order to achieve their goal, the regime persecuted the educated and intellectual classes. Doctors, lawyers, current or former military, and police became targets for the regime.
Genocide In Rwanda What is Genocide? Genocide is violent crimes committed against groups with the intent to destroy the existence of the group. Genocide goes very much unnoticed in United States because we rarely go through it in our free country but it is very important that we always take time to reflect on so we will not go through this. Us all around the world should work hard for world peace and combat racism and prejudice. We should remember those whose lives and cultures have been destroyed by genocide.
What role do leaders play in genocide? Discuss with reference to the Armenian Genocide. The United Nations defines genocide as an act “committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group” (Analysis Framework). A lot of deliberate thought and calculation goes into organizing genocide and leaders play a very important role in this process. However, leaders cannot create hatred; they can only take and manipulate what already exists and use it to their advantage.
During the Armenian Genocide, which lasted from 1915 until 1916, 1.2 million Armenians were brutally murdered. They were murdered in either massacre and individual killings, or from systematic ill-treatment, exposure, and starvation. In the novel Forgotten Fire, the main social issue, the Armenian Genocide, compares to the Holocaust as they both were caused by a hatred of a specific race, they both resulted in extreme violence and immense casualties, and they both had many heroes who made considerable sacrifices on behalf of those being persecuted. The Holocaust and the Armenian Genocide were sparked by the hatred of a specific minority race, the Jews, and the Armenians. The leaders of the countries involved in genocides often promoted them and contribute to the heinous crimes.
During the Cambodian Genocide and the Holocaust, the officers beat and prodded the victims that did not meet their expectations and were abruptly displaced from their homes. In comparison to the Cambodians, Germany’s dictator, Adolf Hitler, had one goal to execute all Jews, just like how Pol Pot had a goal to kill all educated Cambodians. Both the Cambodians in the Cambodian Genocide and the Jews in the novel Night were treated similarly because both victims were displaced out of their homes, overworked, mistreated, and starved. Moreover, officers of the genocides starved the victims of the Holocaust and the
As cited by endgenocide.org, after the Khmer Rouge came into power, they started targeting who they should kill. At first, they started with anyone that had an education and ethnic or religious minorities. The reason they targeted the educated people was so that no one would rebel or be smart enough to rebel. But then, they started killing anyone who could not work or make the journeys to the concentration camps. Pol Pot then developed the “Killing Fields” which were sites set up in desolate areas all over the country.