Discrimination refers to unjustifiable behaviour towards a group of people, whether it be due to their age, race, gender, religion, sexual orientation or ethnical orientation. Correll et al (2010) defines discrimination as ‘behaviour directed towards category members that is consequential for their outcomes and that is directed towards them, not because of any particular deservingness or reciprocity but simply because they happen to be members of that category. ’ Everyone has a right to equality before the law and to be protected from discrimination. Despite this, people all around the world are discriminated against every day. Such discrimination has even resulted in policies of ethnical cleansing and genocide. Genocide is the organised killing of a people for the express purpose of putting an end to their collective existence. That is, to wipe a certain category of people out as if they never existed. An example of this is the Armenian Genocide, the first genocide of the 20th century. It represents a major tragedy of the modern age, in which almost an entire nation was destroyed. In 1915, as World War I raged, the Turkish government administered a plan to ‘massacre and expel’ Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire. The Armenian people were subject to deportation, abduction, torture, massacre and starvation. 2 million Armenians were living in the Ottoman Empire and by the end of the early 1920s – when the massacres and deportations finally ended, 1.5 million
Persecution can be defined in this statement, “They often use euphemisms to cloak their intentions, such as referring to their goals as “ethnic cleansing,” “purification,” or “counter-terrorism.” They build armies, buy weapons, and train their troops and militias. They indoctrinate the populace with fear of the victim group. Leaders often claim that “if we don’t kill them, they will kill us. (The Ten Stages of Genocide, Gregory H. Stanton)” It is represented in both other stages mentioned that the Turks mostly cloaked their intentions through religion and propaganda. Though, after the genocide, and still to this day the Turks refuse to call the murders' genocide. In the minds of the Turkish people, the Armenians remain an enemy force and their slaughter was a necessary war measure. Many countries have accepted the Armenian genocide as an official genocide but the U. S will still not admit it is genocide. Not admitting that this awful event persists as a genocide, gives the Turks a pass on what they did and caused. The discard of the genocide has greatly affected the Armenian people and has made this event even more devastating for them; knowing that their ancestor’s deaths will not be recognized or
What do the death of over six million Jews and the death of over one and a half million Armenians have in common? Genocide. Genocide is one of the ultimate crimes in modern society and in humanity. While all genocides are horrible events in history they do have some distinct differences from one to another. Genocides tear apart families, ethnicities, and countries while they are are happening and for many years to come. Genocides have eight stages that cause damage in their own ways: Classification, Symbolization, Dehumanization, Organization, Polarization, Preparation, Extermination, and lastly denial. The Armenian genocide and Holocaust are very similar, caused seven and a half million deaths, yet are different in their own way.
100 years ago, the attempted annihilation of an entire race known as the Armenian genocide began. From 1914 - 1922, the massacres perpetrated by the government of Young Turks and later the Kemalist government aimed to eliminate all Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire (Armenian Genocide Museum - Institute). A population which had lived in the same region for centuries suddenly became nearly extinct. As for the cause, the outbreak of World War I provided the Young Turks an opportunity to solve the “Armenian question.” The Armenian question refers to the defence and liberty as well as fair treatment of Armenians during the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire (United Human Rights Council). With the world’s attention fixed on war, unusual civilian
This incident was called the Armenian genocide. In 1908, a nationalist reform group called the ‘Young Turks’ forced the Sultan to implement a constitutional government and a guarantee of basic rights to all. Then the Young Turks overthrew this government in 1913, angling to unite all Turkish people and expand their empire through the Caucasus and into Central Asia. They sought to create a new empire, called Turan, with one language and one religion. The government branded the Christian Armenians as ‘infidels,’ and Islamic extremists staged violent anti-Armenian demonstrations throughout the region. While the world was focused on battle in Europe, the Ottoman Empire began a systematic campaign to eliminate the Armenian people within its borders. Ottoman authorities created a propaganda campaign claiming that Armenians were a threat to national security, in part because of some Armenians’ support of Russia in the ongoing World War. Armenians were arrested, tortured, and killed. The women and girls were raped and some were kidnapped into a life of sexual servitude. The genocide ended in 1923 and Turkey’s new leader Mustafa Kemal and expelled all remaining Armenians. The Armenian genocide influenced Hitler’s quest to eliminate the
Genocides are the mass killings of a group of people, and sometimes even an entire race. The Holocaust is one of the largest genocides that the world has ever seen. Because society is not educated on these horrific events, genocides continue to take place. Society has moved forward in so many forms of communication that there are numerous ways to convey the message of remembering a genocide. Jane Yolen 's novel, The Devil’s Arithmetic, more aptly conveys the message of remembering than Donna Deitch’s film adaptation as seen through dehumanization, boxcars, and a love interest.
The Bosnian Genocide also known as the Bosnian War or Crisis is a direct result from internal and external neglect. In order for an attack to be considered a genocide a systematic destruction of a group of people because of their ethnicity, nationality, religion, or race must occur. In Bosnia and Herzegovina it did. The overthrow and collapse of governments brought forth new ideas and ideologies that allowed for an extremist goal of power to spread. An international communities miscalculation and oversight, led to disastrous aid that only hurt the country's situation. Along with regional tensions over religious disputes and territorial gains, that sparked the fighting in Bosnia. Domestic Corruption and a failure in international government
When someone hears the word "Genocide", the words killing and death may come to mind. A genocide is defined as, Article II: “In the present Convention, genocide means any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group as such:Killing members of the group;Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group; Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.” Over 1.5 million Armenians were
The Armenian Genocide resulted with around 1.5 million Armenians massacred, with only around half a million surviving the genocide. The loss of family, friends and the Armenian community, the genocide had a staggering blow on the Armenian race. The survivors escaped with merely their lives and the horrid memories of the cruel and inhumane nature of the Young Turks. During the genocide there was no pity or discrimination, they were out to destroy the Armenian race out of pure anger.
Genocide is the act of mass murdering groups of people because of someone 's disliking. In other words getting rid of people or stop their existence,mostly because of their religion, ethnic, or race.One of the most atrocious ones was the Armenian Genocide(April 24,1915-1916), in which 1.5 million of the Armenian population, living in the Ottoman Empire were either deported or killed.During this time,the Turkish government had planned the genocide to get rid of the entire Armenian population in the Ottoman Empire(which was one of the largest empires to rule on the border of the Mediterranean Sea) because they feared that the Armenian community would join their enemy troops during WWI in 1915.
“We are in the presence of a crime without a name,” said British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The Nazis were always remembered for the killing of over six million European Jews, but at the time, there was no name for this wicked act. After the war, many of these Nazi war criminals were convicted of an act called genocide, a word that did not exist before 1944. Genocide is the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group. Genocide occurs because of many factors that trigger this cruelty. Although there are many reasons that can be considered to result in genocide, the three main reasons that result to this mass slaughter, are caused by: the authority that leads them, the ethnic tension between
During the Ottoman rule the Armenians prospered and were usually more wealthier than the Turkish people.Sultan Abdul Hamid the 2nd became enraged when the Armenians started
Bulgaria, Greece, some Arab countries were already formed. Russia gave the Armenians hope for a new country so they revolted against the Government. That is, they wanted Armenia in the lands of the Ottomans. They stroke Turkish villages causing the deaths of many villagers. There was blood shed on both sides. Turks decided to send Armenians away from their lands. Many of the Armenians were villagers or artificers that had nothing to do with the political ideas of their leaders. They were obeying the law and looking after their families. On the way, many died. The rest tried to find anyway to save themselves even if that meant giving themselves a new identity. In 1915, leaders of the Turkish government set up a plan to remove and massacre Armenians living in the Ottoman Empire. there were about 2 million Armenians in the Ottoman Empire at the time of the massacre. By early 1920 when the deportations ended and about 1.5 million of Turkey’s Armenians were dead, with many more forcibly removed from the country. The Deir ez-Zor camps were concentration camps in the heart of the Syrian desert where many thousands of Armenian refugees were forced into death marches during the Armenian Genocide. Both the holocaust and the Armenian genocide were aimed at a specific group of people, and both the killers and the people being killed committed terrible
War and genocide have historically been closely related and even described as Siamese twins. Genocide can occur without war but war cannot occur without some elements of genocide as the distinction between legitimate war and genocide is not clear. War is defined as an armed conflict between different nations or groups within a nation. Scholars who have studied the relationship between war and genocide have argued that they are one in the same. It is a very convincing argument especially when examining the UN Convention on genocide. The UN Convention defines genocide as “any of the follow acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group” (Jones 13). The wordings of the definition can
A genocide is a deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a specific ethnic group or nation. One such genocide was carried out under the rule of Joseph Stalin. These genocides have been referred to as the Great Terror or the Great Purge. According to Laura Hill, a historical author, this specific genocide took place throughout the 1930s as the United States was in a process of recovering from the Great Depression. Stalin suspected that there were people who had power over him, which he did not approve of (C N Trueman). Stalin knew that he had to try and prevent people from taking control, so he figured that killing everyone would be his best option. Joseph Stalin even said, “Death is the solution to all problems. No man- no problem.” After examining Joseph Stalin 's rule in Russia, it is clear that his background of upbringing, specific targeting on certain groups of