Document G illustrated some of these problems. Document G was written by Abigail Adams to Thomas Jefferson informing him about the political turmoil in her home state. This was around the time of the Constitutional Convention, and Adams, a powerful woman, wanted to inform Jefferson that something had to be done to the Articles of Confederation to stop this unrest. Another reason why the Articles of Confederation had to be changed was because of its inability to organize militias or enact and enforce nationwide taxes. Around 1786, the common people in Massachusetts revolted because of unfair state taxes and this was called Shay’s Rebellion.
1a. Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress didn’t have the power to tax the colonies so their only option was to request the states for money, which often ended in rejection. Because Congress had so little money to regulate the army/navy and resolve crises, they sold off western lands and printed worthless print money in desperate attempts to do without money. The constitution solves this dilemma by giving Congress the power to make revenue through taxing and borrowing and also the power to appropriate funds. In addition, the Articles prohibited Congress from regulating commerce which meant inhibited foreign trade and a weak national economy.
Unit 1 Chapter 7 The Road to Revolution The Americans had troubles complying with the new British control after the Seven Years War; they wouldn’t pay necessary funds and also had a growing sense of national identity The Deep Roots of Revolution The Americans had a world that they could make their own, thus upraising nationalistic ideas Republicanism: citizens surrendered their selfish demands for the greater good Opposed aristocracy and monarchy ”Radical Whigs”: warned people to be aware of government corruption and to resist that corruption Americans had grown into a country accustomed to running it’s own affairs, so when the British came in 1763 to get a better hold over their colonies, Americans resisted The circumstances of colonial
After the war the British were in a lot of debt; they needed a way to pay off the debt. Consequently the war took place in British America, the Parliament of England figured that the colonists should pay the price. The colonists were upset because of the taxes they called unfair. The Molasses Act was the first tax on sugar. The Molasses Act was placed on the colonies, however, the British government did not enforce this “law”.
Shay’s Rebellion thought that the Articles of confederation was not strong enough and that there should be more power in the central government. The Articles of confederation was seen weak because, it revealed the economic issues and taxation, the lack of leadership, and not being efficient in making laws. In Shay’s rebellion raising the tax on farmers to pay off debt was a weakness. Farmers had taken out loans due to shortages of the revolution, and were being taxed by state. In the Articles of confederation congress was not allowed to tax only states.
Another group known as the Radical Whigs put pen to paper in an attempt to battle Parliament. Men such as James Otis, Patrick Henry, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, and Daniel Dulany all wrote official papers to oppose these type acts. However, not all colonists were opposed to Parliament’s actions. In late 1765, the trade recession hit (Schultz, 2013). This somewhat ended the dispute with the repealing of the Stamp Act.
Due to the many weaknesses of the Articles the convention that was held to revise the articles ended up throwing away the Articles of Confederation and starting all over again. A weak congress was one of these weaknesses. “The Articles created a loose confederation of sovereign states and a weak central government, leaving most of the power with the state governments” (Library of Congress). The main problem with the Articles of Confederation was that it failed to give power to the federal government. The new states needed to unify under one constitution and they needed to establish a soverign central government.
This act was not really enforced and the colonists did not really obey this act. Britain needed a way to fix this. They came up with the Sugar Act, a set of taxes to help Britain raise money. Taxes were not a new thing for the colonists, but these new taxes caused big issues. The Sugar Act was suggested by Prime Minister George Greenville.
Given his political ties to the directors of the Bank of England, the public looked to him to help persuade the bank to help in a time of need. As historian John Francis mentioned, the Bank of England was originally built to help Parliament in times of financial need. However, many did not appreciate the Bank of England when it indeed helped the country. Hesitant to get involved, the directors of the Bank of England needed to be persuaded to help in what they believed to be a lost cause. Moreover, the South Sea Company did the Bank of England zero favors when it beat the bank out for the rights to finance the public debt in the early part of
(1) This evidence shows that the tax was unevenly distributed amongst the French population, especially the Third Estate that was impoverished. This caused a financial unrest between the king and the tax paying Third Estate. On the other hand, in the American revolution, all of the thirteen colonies had to pay tax to the British. They found this unfair, because they had no representation in the British parliament, and they said: “taxation without representation is tyranny” (2). This makes it clear that the Americans had no rights or say in the British government.
The British Council in 1763 Complained saying, “ We find that the revenue arising therefrom is very small and inconsiderable, …. and is not yet sufficient to defray a fourth part of the expense necessary for collecting it.” This push to collect more money and enforce new laws created a hatred towards England. In the Document it continues to say, “We observe with concern that through neglect, connivance, and fraud, not only is revenue impaired, but the commerce of the colonies diverted from its natural course”. England came to the conclusion that through their neglect towards the Colonies and not paying attention to them, they were able to do what they wanted. Britain enforcing the Stamp Act resulted in a huge deterioration to the Economy.
The document did not establish a fair government. The Articles of Confederation was the first standard government created in the United States, yet unsuccessful. The Articles failure made it clear that a new government was needed to secure the nation. The
The articles of confederation was written right after the revolutionary war was fought, however, the AOC failed, so they had to start all over with a new document called the constitution. 9 out of 13 colonies needed to ratify the new constitution for it to take effect. When it came to organize the government after the AOC, the people were divided on how the government should handle the fears of social, political, and economic fears which motivated the 2 parties, federalist and antifederalist. The federalists supported the new constitution, while the anti federalists were opposed. The political motivation for the federalists to support the ratification was they believed that a stronger government was necessary as the AOC had failed previously