Under the Articles, The power of government was very weak. Every state wanted to gain more power and benefits. So, government did not have executive, no judiciary authorities, no army, and even no chance to gain taxation. The federal parliament only declared war and peace, sent foreign envoys, adjusted relationship between states. Because of the weakness of the Articles of the Constitutional, there were lots of dissatisfaction in public.
The United States of America declared its independence from England because the king was abusing his powers like a tyrant. For example, the king set taxes without consent, unfair laws, and set soldiers in times of peace. According to James Madison, “The accumulation of all powers...in the same hands whether at one, a few, or many is the very definition of tyranny.” In 1781, the United States’ first constitution, the Articles of Confederation, was approved. The Articles of Confederation gave most of the power to the states but unfortunately failed because there was no leader, no court system, and no power to tax. Because of this, a new constitution had to be made.
The Articles of Confederation created a confederation in the United States. A confederation is a government in which the state government, not national, has dominant power. The leaders of the new nation feared that a strong, centralized government would lead to tyrannical monarchy like the British government. So the Founding Fathers established a confederation where there was no president nor Supreme court, and a Congress with limited power. But the existence of a weak congress led to an ineffective national government.
Enlistment in the army kept men away from their homes for extended periods and destroyed the economic foundation of semi-subsistent mountain families. Crop failures, as well as salt shortages and guerilla raids, plagued Southern communities (3). Deteriorating home-front conditions compelled many families to write soldiers and urge them to desert and return home. In many of these cases, soldiers lost faith in the state 's ability to maintain order and relieve shortages of food and other supplies and chose family loyalty over allegiance to the Confederate army. Desertion proved to be a major problems for Confederate war effort during the Civil War.
The Articles of the Confederation was the first government constitution that the United States used, and, although there were strength like the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, there were major weaknesses of the Articles of the Confederation like the following: requiring 9 out of the 13 colonial votes from the representatives from different states to pass a law; having no executive and judicial branch; and the federal government being unable to impose tax revenue onto the states. Such flaws would eventually lead to the Constitution and the repeal of the articles, for the Constitution was a measure to fix the problems of the articles with a stronger government that allowed them to impose taxes and and implement new laws for a more effective government.
This was so that the Judicial branch once again operated under the orders of the original Judiciary Act of 1789. It also replaced the court's two annual sessions with one session to begin on the first Monday in February, and canceled the Supreme Court term scheduled for June of that year, 1802. This tried to delay a ruling on the constitutionality of the repeal act until months after the new judicial system was in progress. Early Chief Justices had a very little influence on the management of the Supreme Court. But John Marshall, who served from 1801 to 1835, impacted the action of the Supreme Court in ways still felt in the United States today.During the early years when Marshall was appointed Chief Justice, there was an insignificant case that came about the Supreme Court.
After the American Revolution, the Americans were finally able to break away from British rule. They knew they needed to create a government and with that, the Articles of Confederation were born. However, the Articles gave the states too much power and gave almost none to the federal government. The Founders scrapped the Articles and created a new document, the Constitution, which gave more power the federal government than the state governments. In spite of this, not everyone was happy about the new Constitution.
The Articles of Confederation were ratified in 1781 and under these articles, the states remained sovereign, free, and independent. While each state has their freedom, Congress served as a last resort to appeal all disputes and differences that may arise between two or more states. In addition, Congress had the authority to make treaties and alliances, declare war, regulate money, appoint a committee, appoint military officers and manage affairs with the Indians. While it seems Congress had a fair share of powers, these articles caused problems due to a weak government. For example, Congress only had the power to pass laws, they did not have the power to enforce them; therefore, if the states did not agree with them they could ignore them.
The State does not have the resources that the federal government has as they don’t have have any access to the money. The plan was nonexistent to evacuate those without transportation. An evacuation order could have been sent out a day sooner. This is a disaster that no local government can handle alone. This is a national emergency and all taxpayers in the U.S. should have help.
After declaring independence from Great Britain, the United States needed an established document to help unify the colonies. The Articles of Confederation was the first documented “Constitution” the Unites States ever had. The Articles of confederation was created to push for the individual states to come together and act as a one. Almost being like a rough draft, this document was a loose outline for the federal government that was meant to help defend the country from foreign attacks and promote economic growth. The weak document led to the eventual ratification that allowed the nation to adopt the new and improved Constitution.