8. Safavid Empire (460-461) Ismail, the ancestor of Safi al-Din, founded the Safavid Empire and used Persian methods of ruling. He expanded his region over regions such as the Iranian plateau, Caucus, and central Asia. Ismail established his political base at the tomb of Safi al-Din. In an attempt to find favor in the eyes of Turkish in the region, the Safavids decided to convert to a form of Shiism - he forced the Sunnis to convert to the religion, Twelver Shiism.
while during the time of summers ice cold water was also supplied to the imperial household. The Maywa Khanah gave fruits to the household. Rikab Khanah or the bakery was responsible for supplying bread. The royal karkhanas gave the imperial women delightful dresses, adornments or ornaments and household and fancy items. Their lives were governed by strict rules of purdah.
Othman controlled the empire carefully and improved society. In his time, anti-Islam thinkers such as Mu’awiya who was the son of Abu Sufiyan, Umayyad emerged. They did illegal activities, and made conspiracy against Othman. Only one leader Ali existed after Othman’s death so that according to Umma decision Ali accepted the caliphate status 656- 61 CE. Whereas, Ali did not punish Othman’s murders, and he signed contract between them.
Introduction: The Abbasid Caliphate, who ruled the Islamic world after the Ummayads, portrayed the golden era of the Islamic civilization. The Abbasid’s ruled the Islamic civilization from 750 to 1258 AD, causing it to be one of the greatest, most powerful, and most leading Islamic dynasties that ever existed. The Abbasid’s early history shows how it was one of the biggest empires ever established as it spread all the way from Far East to far west. This allowed the Abbasids to capture some of the important values and traditions of those cultures that they dominated. The rise of the Abbasid The Abbasid Dynasty started as result of the revolution they conducted against the Umayyad’s dynasty because of the hatred the Umayyad’s had towards many groups that have all gathered under the name of the Abbasid.
Life in Arabia before Islam, around 600 AD, was divided into many tribes and cities which were ruled by the Merchants. There was no unity in Arabia, as the poor were slaves and were badly treated. Small girls were buried alive as they were considered a disgrace to the family. A city called Mecca, ruled by the tribe Quraysh, was important to the Arabs as it contained the Kaaba, a cuboid building, which was the center of Arabian religious life. It housed about 360 gods that they worshiped.
Before the death of the Prophet Muhammad in 632, Muhammad converted most of the Arabian tribes to Islam, and Mecca became the new Islamic state’s capital. (Gettleman, 2003, 5-6) After Muhammad’s death in 632, the Umayyads ruled from Damascus for nearly a century. What led to the solid
In 830, emperor Theophilos sent an envoy to Baghdad, and when he came back, he was astonished by the greatness of the Abbasid architecture, which made copy the structures of palaces that he had seen. One of those palaces One of the most important mosques in the Abbasid dynasty is “Ibn Tuloun mosque”, which is located in Cairo. Ibn tolon was To sum up, the Abbasid dynasty gave the Islamic and eastern civilization a crucial position among all the regions. They were highly influential and got influenced by the western civilization and by other nearby cultures as they synthesized their work and art to adapt it in their culture. While they were in their golden ages, the western region was in their dark ages.
HIST 210 ASSIGNMENT 1 QUESTION: How do you account for the success of Akbar's imperial enterprise? BY, G.SHASHANK REDDY AAA0146 Introduction Muhammad Akbar, known as Shahanshah Akbar-e-Azam (15 October 1542 – 27 October 1605), was the 3rd Mughal Emperor. He was the son of Humayun, and the grandson of Babur, the Mughal dynasty founder in India. He was 14 years old when he took up the Mughal throne in Delhi, after his father Humayun’s death. Akbar was born on 15 October 1542, at the Rajput Fortress of Umerkot, to Emperor Humayun and his wife, Hamida Banu Begum, he was named Jalalu-d-din Muhammad by Humayun, the name which he overheard in his delusion.
The history of India was being constructed in such a way by the British that the imposition of British rule would become a necessity so as to bring in law and order. William Henry Sleeman , Resident of Lucknow( 1849-1856) wrote “Journey through the kingdom of Oudh” in 1851 at the request of Dalhousie in order to get information about the actual conditions prevailing in Awadh. Sleeman on his part confirmed the inability of the Nawab to govern Awadh. Sleeman found the aristocracy of Lucknow as being responsible for alienating the Nawab from the people.The basic theme that emerges from the story is that of detachment of India’s ruling classes which helped the British officials in taking over Awadh without opposition.The story depicts intolerance
Through the introduction of common tax system, laws and coinage, Islam was able to unite the new conquered lands. The Islamic empire was ruled by the Umayyads from 661, with its base at Damascus, in Syria. The Abbasids seized power in 750 and the caliphs were based at Baghdad. During the reign of the Abbasid Caliph Harun ar-Rashid, from 786 to 809, Baghdad was acknowledged as the House of Wisdom. Scholars from various parts of the world translate and gathered all knowledge into Arabic language.