In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue, opening up an entirely new and unexplored world to the Spanish. There was clearly only one thing to do, conquer it, and exploit its riches. The Iberians at first did not realize the sophisticated cultures they were about to go up against. The Aztecs and the Incas were two very highly developed cultures that had created large empires, and had cities that rivaled those of Europe. As you can see from the map these two civilizations were able to create large and advanced empires.
After the vanish of a once-dominant civilization in Mesoamerica, the Toltecs, the Aztecs arrived around the thirteenth century. Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs’ famous capital city, was constructed and the Aztecs were soon enough the most dominant force in their part of Mexico. The Aztecs were famous for many of their accomplishments and their society’s intricate structures, but their religious practices were particularly famous—or rather, infamous. Human sacrifice was only a part of the strict ritual processes, which were for the gods and goddesses worshiped by the people. It was thought that the Aztecs’ religion had to do with fear of nature and the end of the world.
Mexico similar to most new world countries was founded and colonized by one of the many European powers, in this case Spain. It all started with Hernán Cortés, the conquistador who brought Mexico to its knees. As in other colonized countries the Native population suffered greatly due to the changes brought on by Spain, a perfect example can be seen in the history of Mexico or lack thereof. Malintzin was a slave sold to Cortés who would become the secret weapon that helped him conquer Mexico and she would become the mother of the first Mexican yet record of her life barely exists. Malintzin was the first forgotten indigenous woman of Mexico but certainly not the last.
To start off, the Spanish along with the Portuguese conquered the Aztec and Inca civilizations in the 1500's and European culture started to make their way through into the America's. As a result of this, African slaves were introduced to the America's. After that, disease started wiping out the Natives and about 90% were killed and it also wiped out many cultures. Next, Spain organized an imperial system to explore and also exploit the land along with also exploiting labor. The Spanish empire had become the biggest European empire since ancient Rome.
His expedition of 180 men landed on the Pacific coast of South America in 1530. Taking advantage of a smallpox epidemic and a civil war started by the emperor's death, Francis marched on Cuzco and easily captured with their advanced weaponry and allies. By 1535, with a capital of Lima had been established for a new colony. however the prosperous landscape was transformed. Pachakuti was a powerful Inca ruler who transformed the Incas in a large, proud empire.
The Aztec and Spanish The outcome of the contact between the Aztec and the Spanish was welcoming initially but after a certain period of time, The Spanish decided to take over the Aztec and Inca Empire. The purpose of this Spanish expedition was to seek fame and fortune for Spain and also spread Christianity to the natives and new lands. This had led them into war between the Aztec and Spanish The Aztec first arrives in Mexico in the late 1100s. By 1250, they settled near the shores of Lake Texcoco and by 1325 they had begun building the majestic city of Tenochtitlan. In 1518 Spanish conquistador, Hernan Cortes held an expedition to conquer Mexico and the Aztec holds almost the central and southern of Mexico.
Every saga has a beginning and on October 12, 1492, a handful of Europeans began their quest for the invasion, control and conquest of what came to be called Spanish America. When invasion ended conquest continued as assimilation saw a merging of cultures between Spaniards and many indigenous people over three centuries. The indigenous people of Latin America had a unique culture, one that suited their way of life. Once the Spanish infiltrated their homeland, it was to change forever. Spanish ideology was vastly different from that of the simple-minded ideology of the Indian.
Defeat struck the Aztec Empire in 1521 when Hernan Cortes and his army invaded and conquered Tenochtitlan, bringing the end of the great civilization. Could the Aztecs have done something before, something that could have changed the way the Empire had come to an end? Geography helped in a major way, surrounding the Aztecs with protection from Mt.Popocatepetl and Mt.Iztaccihuatl . The weapons and war strategies that the Aztecs used were very well planned and could have defeated the Spanish. Even so, Montezuma, the emperor of the Aztecs, had to ruin the victory.
Challenging the Spanish Empire For more than 100 years, Spain and Portugal were the biggest powers in the Americas. MosltySpain had all of the New World for itself except for Brazil, which belonged to Portugal. Spain chose to conquer the Indians, and they definitely had the advantage. The Spanish had steel weapons, explosives, and firearms. The Spanish also brought domesticated animals such as horses, pigs, and cattle, which they could use for food and leather, and could ride the horses in battle.
This American Revolution was very similar to the Spanish American war. Both of these wars were fought for a country 's freedom. History really does repeat itself. There is some background information on how Spain actually took over some parts of the world. This goes way back to 1492 where Spain was the first European country to actually sail across the Atlantic ocean going westward.
Portilla points out how wary this made the Mexicas about their new “guests” and how they immediately reported what they saw to their king. By the time the Spaniards marched all the way to the Aztec metropolis, Tenochtitlan, they had created several allies. Portilla explains that the people that sided with the Spaniards were enemies that had been conquered by the Aztec. The Mexica’s began to resent their “gods” and mistrust King Motcuhzoma for letting the Spanish conquistadors wreak havoc among the natives and their customs. Before long the author begins to describe the many battles fought between the Aztec warriors and the strangers.
The arrival of Spanish adventurers to the coast of Mexico in 1519 set in motion the rapid descent of a vast and powerful indigenous empire that had controlled the land. The Spanish, led by Herman Cortes, embarked on a violent and extensive campaign across the Valley of Mexico. It was this campaign that led them to the great city of Tenochtitlan, capital of the feared and powerful Mexica Empire. On par with likes of Paris and Rome, Tenochtitlan was densely populated and intricately designed city that was home to a rich history. Despite these factors, its demise was met only a few years after the initial arrival of Cortes and his adventurers.