Slide 1- Introduction Good morning/afternoon everybody, today I have been assigned with informing you all about the Aztecs, or more importantly, the reason for their annihilation. Now you may be thinking that it was mainly to do with a war, but it is actually almost solely a disease called the variola disease or as it’s more commonly known, small-pox Slide 2-What were the symptoms and effects Now you may be wondering what made the disease so dangerous to the Aztecs. The main problem of the disease was the fact that not only did it kill 3/10 people effected it also severely lowered the victims fighting capabilities meaning that when the Spanish attempted to fight the Aztecs, it became much more favourable to the Aztecs. (Healthline, n.d.) The person became afflicted with a variety of symptoms that contributed to the previously mentioned tole to the victims fighting capabilities. One of the most notable symptoms was the rashes that would spread throughout the victims entire body which contained abscesses which made any movement of the victim incredibly painful, let alone wielding a weapon in combat.
Before long the author begins to describe the many battles fought between the Aztec warriors and the strangers. These were awful and terrible battles that continued for three years. Portilla mentions that as soon as the conquistadors backed off a new battle began. Smallpox created an epidemic to the size of the Aztec population. Once the population is depleated, the author describes how the Spaniards came in for the fatal
Diseases probably played the biggest role in the collapse of the Incan empire. Shortly before the arrival of Pizarro, the smallpox epidemic had just killed the Incan emperor and most of his court. Then, there was a civil war between Atahuallpa and his brother Huascar regarding who should be emperor next. If it had not been for the epidemic the Spaniards would have faced a united empire. 23.
According to some they worshipped as many as 200. They believed that the god Quetzalcoatl created humans by mixing his blood with the bones of dead humans of the past. The Aztecs sacrificed a lot of things to the gods. Human sacrifice was the most powerful gift they could off the gods. They would sacrifice people by cutting out their hearts, by beheading them, drowning them, and burning
With the first wave of Spanish colonization of the New World, many indigenous peoples were killed and their lands were seized and their way of life was destroyed (Tindall 26-27). When the Spanish showed up, they greatly overpowered indigenous peoples. They had iron, seafaring vessels, firearms, explosives, and swords, with indigenous peoples had copper, dugout canoes, arrows, and tomahawks (Tindall 27). This is immoral because the indigenous peoples would have no chance against the Spanish, and killing the indigenous people was senseless since they couldn’t fight back well anyway. When indigenous people were threatened by people in a village Columbus left behind, they attacked, killing ten people, only to lead to a retaliation that decimated their numbers (Tindall 21).
One Aztec weapon was the War Club, which involved both hands to swing. It was a very hard weapon to move fast and free with. The weapon planned well by the inventors, not accounting weight and how free the individual could move with the weapon. This would have been a huge disadvantage on the battleground as the Aztecs would not have been able to strike the Spanish fast, as the Spanish had horses to ride on, which gave them the advantage of moving fast. Even though the weapon was not easy to carry around, it was a strong killing machine.
Christopher Columbus’s journal describes the Natives as having “marks of wounds on their bodies” and that they indicated the wounds are from “people from other adjacent islands came with the intention of seizing them, and that they defended themselves”. This is what many accuse Columbus of doing, and while he did seize natives, it was already happening before he got there. There we much worse occurrences, such as terrible acts of “sacrifice” done by the Aztecs. Schweikart and Allen said in the book A Patriot’s History of the United State that “A four-day sacrifice in 1487 by the Aztec king Ahuitzotl involved the butchery of 80,400 prisoners by shifts of priests working four at a time at convex killing tables who kicked lifeless, heartless bodies down the side of the pyramid temple. This worked out to a killing rate of fourteen victims a minute over the ninety-six-hour bloodbath”.
The treatment of the native inhabitants varied among the three explorers. The worst treatment of the natives was seen in great detail through the perspective of De Las Casas. During his expedition in the Indies, he and his comrades killed millions of the natives to take everything and anything they wanted. He stated, “And thus they have deprived the Indians of their lives and souls, for the millions I mentioned have died without the Faith and without the benefit of the sacraments. This is a well-known and proven fact which even the tyrant Governors, themselves killers, know and admit.
These tanks were very tall, standing at 9 feet and 10 inches tall. This weapon was also very heavy too. The Tiger Tank weighed about 59 tons. The next unique weapon that was used in World War II was the “Locust Tank”. There were about 1,347 of the Locust Tanks used in World War II.
Despite some earlier successes, the Spanish captured and executed Hidalgo, effectively making him a martyr for the movement, which only strengthened the fervor of the fight. Following the death of Father Hidalgo, Father Jose Maria Morelos takes over and becomes a leader in south. He is responsible for drafting the constitutional decree that abolished slavery and declared inde-pendence for Mexico. After years of guerilla warfare, Spanish officials capture Father Morelos during his fourth military campaign and execute him for treason. Elites, Creoles and Peninsulares realize the inevita-bility of Mexican Independence and join the movement in order to control the outcome in a benefitting way.
(Diaz, 144,191) Anyone who didn’t follow order was usually killed, for example on the march to Mexico when Cortes finds out that some of the caciques and papas were secretly betraying him he killed several of them. “Then Cortés told them that the King’s law decreed such treachery should not go unpunished, and they must die for their crime….they received a blow they will remember forever, for we killed many of them, and the promises of their false idols were of no avail.” (Diaz, 199) Cortés’ campaign was fueled by violence and false promises of brotherhood, there was never going to be a bond between Cortés and a bunch of uncivilized people. Cortés wanted power and wealth and he succeeded in doing
Deadly small pox brought aboard by the Spanish, severely degraded the Aztec population killing thousands including Cuitlahuac. In 1521 Cortes returned to several thousand tribes to include the Texxocans, Chulca, and Tepanec for a final battle. Cortes and his Spanish force besieged Tenochtitlan cutting off water and food supplies. Despite a fierce resistance the city fell August 1521, more than 200,000 people died in the struggle (History.com Staff,