The conflict and defeat of the Aztecs was not avoidable because the Spanish were looking for gold and land, and would have eventually come into contact with the Aztecs no matter who found the land of Tenochtitlan first. Since the Aztecs had everything the Spaniards wanted, it was likely that a battle between the two was bound to happen. In war the Spanish had a large advantage because of their weapons and battle gear. If the Aztecs came into contact with the Spanish, they were likely to die because of the disease the Spaniards carried with them. Also, a lot of enemies were created against the Aztecs because of the human sacrifices they had to make in order to nourish their gods.
The Broken Spears, book written by Miguel Leon-Portilla, honorable Mexican anthropologist and historian that studied in the National Autonomous University of Mexico in 1956. The book The Broken Spears or Vision de Los Vencidos (original Spanish book name) has been translated to six different languages; English, German, French, Polish, Catalan, and Otomi. The book was originally published in Spanish in 1959, and presented the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire from the point of view of the natives. Mr. Miguel Leon Portilla, with the help of Angel Maria Garibay K. (in the version of the texts), and Alberto Beltran (in illustrations), known to us in his book " The Vision of the Defeated " a little better about the conquest of the whole area of Mexico between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, long after the arrival of Hernan Cortés and his men to the territories of Mexico - Tenochtitlan. In his introduction Mr. Leon Portilla mentioned briefly what was added to the new edition (twenty-eighth edition to be exact), its new chapter entitled “What
In Martha Menchaca chapters “Racial Foundations” and “Racial Formation” she delves into these topics to determine from the research she did what can be applied to the Mexican American racial history that was known at that time. In the first chapter, she outlines this history by breaking down different events in their prehistory that point to their racial origins. She states the beginning of Mexican American’s racial history began with the oral text records by working class Mexican American college students. Which their main purpose was to disprove the alleged truth about Mexican American’s were thought as poor because they were culturally inferior.
Throughout the Porfirian era Mexico had struggled to develop as a country and move towards any steps of progress up until the year of 1910. In William H. Beezley’s book Judas at the Jockey Club he considers this period on Mexican history to begin around 1876 and he points out many of the social, economic, and political factors that helped shape the foundation for modern Mexico. Beezley also looks at some of the regular aspects of the daily lives of Mexicans. Whether it be the sports and recreations, ceremonies and celebrations, or jobs and work that are part of the Mexicans everyday live, he uses these aspects to illustrate the extent of the two main culture groups of Mexican society. The two main culture groups in Mexico were the Los de Arriba,
As a young conquistador coming to a strange land that has a large pyramid with thousands of people surrounding it as they were chanting and yelling while looking toward the very top of the stairs that led to the top of the pyramid. You see people at the top and notice how they are cutting out the hearts of these human sacrifices and tossing them down the stairs. You stare in horror and notice what a terrible and cruel place you have come across. There was human sacrifice going on and gruesome wars over land that ultimately led to more and more death. But then you take another look around and see their agriculture and all the amazing irrigation systems they have set up and you 're completely shocked about how well their farming systems are.
Conquistador, written by Buddy Levy about the famous ventures of Hernan Cortes, places the reader in the 16th century, or the era c.1450-c. 1750 ce. During this time, the idea of exploration was spreading quickly, as kingdoms and empires in Europe sought to expand their territory. Portugal, with Spain following after, led the way for exploration as they headed south. Spain, however, ventured west, driven by a patriotic attitude of expanding past their borders. Levy tells the story of Hernan Cortes, originally setting sail from Spain, as he sailed from Cuba to the shores of Mexico in 1519, eager about the discovery of new lands.
Hinojosa, Gilberto Miguel. A borderlands town in transition: Laredo, 1755-1870. College Station: Texas A&M University Press, 1983. In his book, A borderlands town in transition: Laredo, 1755-1870, author Gilberto Hinojosa explores the history of Laredo, Tx, originally known as Villa de San Agustín de Laredo.
The history of what we know today, as Latin America is a very debatable subject in the field of the humanities. Notably, in the field of history, where Colonial Latin America posit a myriad of theoretical approaches. In like manner, Latin America in Colonial Times by Mathew Restall, an English historian, professor of Latin America, and his colleague, Kris lane, a Canadian-American researcher, professor who centers his attention in Latin America history, developed a textbook with a unique approach to the colonization in the New World. As a starting point, they query the encounter within several cultures, at the same time, pose the question by virtue of what capacity Europeans
Throughout history, there has always been a sort of controversy that has never been said out loud but have always been there. This pertains to when history is written and which account it should be drawn upon. Especially when a significant event has happened, and so when a side does not “win” at that event, they are then unfortunately left in the dust and forgotten by the way the manner of how that story is written. These perspectives, although will always follow the victorians shadow, until a light has been shined upon them. Gustavo Verdesio, claims in his preface, Colonialism Past and Present, Reading and Writing about Colonial Latin America Today, that this statement is true and must be shined up to be considered a historical text, especially regarding the colonization of any country.
A major factor that I had learned when perusing the articles in module two and chapter two was that in the Spanish conquest of America, labor had played a significant role to the Spaniards. Any of the gold that had been discovered in the Spanish conquest was proportioned to the monarchy, then leaders and administrators, and lastly the conquistadors. This had left the conquistadors with minuscule amounts gold and disappointed, in correspondence, the conquistadors were given encomiedas. The Spaniards had presumed they were superior to the Indians and had the right to possess them because they had been situated on the monarchs’ property. The Spaniards confronted the Native Americans with guns, germs, and steel.
This chapter recounts the events of Francisco Pizarro's conquest of the Incan Empire. It offers firsthand accounts from Pizarro's men when they managed to capture Emperor Attahualpa at a time when the monarch was surrounded by around 80,000 men. It also discusses how such a a feat was accomplished by men outnumbered 500 to 1, attributing the Spaniards victory to their possession of steel, guns, and literacy. The author's intentions for this chapter were to describe how Europeans managed to conquer the new world using only groups of a few hundred, and he does this by using Francisco Pizarro's conquest of the Incan Empire as an example.
A History of Violence, Racism, and White Hegemony in Latin America The similarities and differences that arise in Latin Cinema help audiences understand the extensive history of the countries, from Spanish colonization to inequality in modern society. The history social, political, and cultural discourses are critically examined by directors because those issues directly affect the Latin population and the type of world they live in. It is said that there are at least two sides to every story, but Latin American governments have a history of only embracing one.