Quetzalcoatl was the main god. He made blood sacrifices. Aesthetics (Art, literature, music, dance, leisure activities, legacies to world culture) They built unique large temples and palaces. They had two calendars, one for the crops and one for the
She is the goddess of the country. The Day of the Dead, celebrated on Nov 2, it is a day to remember and honor those who have died, according to the University of New Mexico.Cinco de Mayo which marks a Mexican military victory over the French in 1862, is more widely celebrated in the United States than it is in Mexico. Carnival is also celebrated in many place throughout Mexico to mark the period before Lent. Independence Day, marking the country’s separation of Spain in 1810, it is celebrated on sept 16. We have a lot of holidays to like christmas celebrated on Dec 26, were we celebrate the birth of christ.
Juan was a true Spaniard who devoted his life to the church, the king and the expansion of his empire. Juan married Doña Isabel Cortez Tolosa, who was the daughter of a silver mine owner, the granddaughter of Hernán Cortés. The prestige of Juan increased after his marriage and the couple had two children. Scholars believe that the death of his wife at a very young age motivated Juan to explore and govern New Mexico. In 1595, King
However, the most important was Huitzilopochtli, the sun god and god of war. For this reason, the Aztecs called themselves the "people of the sun". 1.2: The sun was said to be a warrior who fought each night against the forces of darkness, and the survival of the universe depended upon the sun winning these battles. Huitzilopochtli is said to be an incarnation
“They jumped into the sacrificial fire and became the sun and the moon.” (AD1, p.3) Because the gods like Nanahuatzin and Tecuciztecatl volunteered themselves for the Sun and to keep it alive and healthy, future Aztecs felt obliged to further maintain the Sun through various sacred rituals. To meet the Sun’s needs and to repay the Gods for their sacrifice, it compelled the Aztecs to continue sacrifices and bloodletting. While this was the main reason for human sacrifice and bloodletting, Aztec cosmetology also involved these same practices. The Aztecs described cosmic life as unstable and destructive - which also compelled them to practice bloodletting and human sacrifice. They were worried that the universe could become unstable and bring destruction to their world.
After the vanish of a once-dominant civilization in Mesoamerica, the Toltecs, the Aztecs arrived around the thirteenth century. Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs’ famous capital city, was constructed and the Aztecs were soon enough the most dominant force in their part of Mexico. The Aztecs were famous for many of their accomplishments and their society’s intricate structures, but their religious practices were particularly famous—or rather, infamous. Human sacrifice was only a part of the strict ritual processes, which were for the gods and goddesses worshiped by the people. It was thought that the Aztecs’ religion had to do with fear of nature and the end of the world.
It has an extremely old style to it,, and is made out of stone. Some of the unique things I noticed were the counterclockwise suns, the four cardinal directions, and the meanings behind each of the symbols written on the piece of art. It is a vital piece to Latin American history for several reasons. It is indigenous due to the historical meaning it displays. It was discovered in 1790 when mexican citizens uncovered the stone and realized it was a representation of the Aztec
Throughout history, various ancient civilizations all over the globe have created traditions and customs that have been passed down through generation to generation. The idea of having these customs withstand the test of time is truly remarkable. A perfect example of the passing of tradition is the Mexican celebration of El Dia De Los Muertos. El Dia De Los Muertos, or Day of the Dead, is a holiday that honors and celebrates loved ones of family who have passed away. Although it has its origins from the Aztec Empire, the holiday is widely celebrated in Latin America and even some parts of the United States.
The Aztecs had a very interesting religion. One reason I thought that their religion was interesting was because they have a specific “god” for each element in nature. For example, they had a god for the sun but a different god for water. Each element of nature had its own separate god. The Aztecs also gave sacrifices to their gods.
The stone also had four boxed figures which represented the four previous suns. The Aztec believed that the universe was maintained by supplying blood to the gods. When Cortez landed in Mexico the Aztec ruler believed him to be Quetzalcoatl. This would have allowed him to have or gain anything he wanted from the Aztec’s. If people believed he was a god, then he could do anything he wanted to do.
Important deities for the Aztecs were Tlaloc the god of rain, Huitzilopochtli the patron of the Mexican tribe, Quetzalcoatl the culture hero and the god of civilization and order, and Tezcatlipoca the god of destiny and fortune, connected with war and sorcery. They each had their own temple within the Aztec capital. Their religion was controlled by the Tlatoani and the high priests governing the main temples in the ceremonial precinct of the Aztec capital. On the feast of Huey Tozoztli, the ruler himself ascended Mount Tlaloc and engaged in auto sacrifice in order to petition the rains. Each level throughout society had their own rituals and deities whom played their part in the larger ritual communities.