This is also an organizational problem which highly escalated the spill because if exxon had thought ahead and had a good plan, in the case of an oil spill, they would have been able to maintain the spill better no resulting in so much damage. The oil spill effected the whole nation, but mostly the people in Alaska. All aspects of Alaskan life were shaken, including economic, cultural and social. Alaska is known for its great quality and quantity of fish. The oil spill took a huge tool on alaskas fishing industry, forcing many Alaskan citizens which depended on the fish for their income to be pressured into some kind of a depression.
Sediment erosion can affect coral reefs and oyster beds causing even more deaths. They also cause erosion on land, destroying most animal’s habitats and even leaving some islands underwater. Forests become destroyed and force animals to relocate, if they were able to survive the hurricane.
Biomagnification (where an animal eats another animal with oil in/on it and then the oil basically gets more dangerous inside the animal) is also messing up food chains when an animals eats something like a fish. Bardoff also declared, “Oil can be easily absorbed by a fish’s fatty tissues, causing biomagnification of the pollutant to the next predator,” (http://www.onegreenplanet.org). For example, if a seal eats a fish, the seal will be poisoned from the oil worse than the fish was. In addition to animals being harmed, people can also be harmed, but
Haven researched information on other types of pollution that causes disease in sea turtles and found that increased nitrogen footprint levels is causing increased amounts of diseased turtles. He explained our problem at hand and added figure 2, which he found in his research. Rylee researched information on human pollution that is found in the ocean and how it has caused sea turtles to become endangered. She found that the deceased turtles ingested high levels of pollution which caused their deaths. She gave our background information explaining our topic and provided figure 3, which helps prove our point that pollution is the cause of deaths in turtles.
The ocean is nowadays undergoing numerous environmental issues that further lead to marine pollution. Marine pollution is a very serious environmental issue that most of the countries of the world encounter. Aquatic littering is considered as one of the major causes of marine environment. The misleading use of the marine environment is extremely impacting the marine life and ecosystems. Moreover, the total amount of toxins and debris discharged by human beings is incredibly increasing in today 's world.
“Oil-sands crude is more corrosive to pipelines than normal crude oil and difficult to clean up if spilled […] The greatest concerns would be a spill or leak near environmentally sensitive places such as wetlands, streams and rivers, shallow groundwater areas, areas near water intakes for drinking water or for commercial/industrial uses, and areas with populations of sensitive wildlife or plant species” (Palliser 2012, 9). If there would be a leak or the crude oil would spill into water, humans could be gravely impacted. There has been research done in the Fort Chipewyan community, in which researchers found that among these people the rates of cancer were higher. This community is near tar-sands operations, downstream of the Athabasca River in Canada. Moreover, the tar-sands pollutants can increase chances of asthma, heart and lung disease (Palliser 2012, 9-10).
Also, the ocean filters the air we breathe, and like said before, supplies 80% of the oxygen we breathe. Pollution causes the ocean not to function properly and oxygen levels can and will diminish. The ocean is also home to medicines that treat heart disease, cancer, and more. The plants or animals that give us these medicines are endangered as long as marine pollution exists. The remedies can be lost causing more people to die because of the lost medicines.
To understand changes in returns for the shareholders of the affected companies, we must first understand the scale of the economic consequences of the oil spill. Therefore, I will examine the consequences of the oil spill and the reactions of the parties involved, such as BP, the government, the states involved, the fisheries and tourism industry and other parties affected by the oil spill. These consequences include environmental damage, litigation, cleaning costs and stricter
Still to this day, the Gulf War oil spill remains the worst disaster of its kind. This spill resulted in the death of over 10 thousand sea birds and threatened sea turtles and marine mammals in the surrounding areas (Baumann, 2001). The second largest oil spill was the Deepwater Horizon oil spill, also known as the Gulf of Mexico, or BP Oil Spill that occurred more recently in 2010. This oil spill was caused by a surge of natural gases resulting in the explosion of the Deepwater Horizon rig. The explosion occurred while workers were at the rig attempting to activate the blow-out preventer, this BOP malfunctioned and the rig exploded killing 11 workers and injuring 17.
Overfishing is certainly an environmental issue because it affects the planets ecosystem due to human interference. One example of this is when a marine species is exploited, other species are also affected directly. According to the article, ‘Global Consequences of Overfishing’ states that, “...recent studies suggest that overfishing of large shark species has had a ripple effect in the shark 's food chain, increasing the number of species, such as rays, that are usual prey for large sharks, which result in declining stocks of smaller fish and shellfish favored by these species” It is also important to mention that overfishing often leads to the killing of other animals unintentionally. This is called bycatching. Some marine species that are affected by bycatching are juvenile fish, bottom feeding organisms, sharks, whales, sea turtles, and birds.
If the Salton Sea starts to dry up severely both wildlife and humans will be affected. The more it dries up, the more toxins are sent into the air. Residents that live near the Sea and even people that live very far away will inhale these toxins that can potentially cause cancer. Deaths have already occurred as a result of this and many more are bound to happen. The Salton Sea serves as an important stop for migrant birds.