The Baaussi Peninsula Border Conflict In Cameroon And Nigeria Relations

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1.5 Research Hypothesis a. Availability of natural resources has contributed to the Bakassi Peninsula border conflict. b. The Bakassi Peninsula border conflict has impacted on Cameroon and Nigeria relations. c. The socio-economic activities of Cameroon and Nigeria has changed as a result of the Bakassi Peninsula border conflict. 1.6 Theoretical Framework Struggle and violent conflicts over territory and other natural resources in Sub Saharan Africa and in other third world countries is so prevalent. Various factors exacerbate this trend. The fundamental structural factors including high population growth rate, environmental degradation, and low rates of economic growth put pressure on the society that is largely agrarian. The increased competition over natural resources nurtures conflict. Therefore, the following theories discuss these fundamental factors. 1.6.1 Greed Grievance Theory The Cameroon and Nigeria border conflict can be linked to the greed hypothesis which was put forth by Collier and Hoeffler (1998). They argue that violence in certain situations becomes an opportune way for the elite class to capture resource rents. Due to a combination of geographic, demographic, economic and political factors, violent rebellion becomes a rational economic choice, especially if the state is weak. Proponents of the greed argument at times take an overly narrow view of violence and discount the importance of structural violence. The struggle for land, especially because of

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