The Background Of Formal Education In Ghana

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Formal Education in Ghana goes back as far as before independence when we were ruled by the Europeans. A select few were privileged enough to be allowed to attain quality education. After attaining independence in the 1957, Formal education became more of a necessity than a luxury for Ghanaian’s as the government kept in place measures to make education accessible to its citizens. Ghana can now boast of a literacy rate of more 70% as the last recorded figures was 71.5% as of 2010.
Ghana has a total of more than 5,352 crèches and nurseries with an enrolment of not less than 302,215 pupils, 19,277 kindergartens with an enrolment of 1,604,505, 19,854 primary schools with an enrolment of 4,105,913, 12,436 Junior High schools with an enrolment of 1,452,585, 840 Senior High schools with an enrolment of 750,706, 6 public universities with an enrolment of 109,278, 9 specialized Universities with an enrolment of 17,082 and 49 private universities with an enrolment of 66,804 students as of 2012-2013.
Education in Ghana is delivered mostly through face to face sessions at particular geographical locations. Educational materials are not often adequately supplied to all the schools in the country. This means students can only receive tuition or be educated if or when they are close to these educational facilities. The majority of these facilities are in the urban areas, leaving those in the rural areas no choice but to depend on other schools located in their vicinity. These
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