Art is known to have impacted humankind as from time memorial. In many occasions when people wanted to pass the information, they were only using paintings to communicate. Many kingdoms were known to give information about their values and beliefs through paintings made on their walls. Most of the paintings use to speak a lot about the religion of the Kingdom, and sometimes romantic pictures were used to expound more on how such kingdoms were committed to taking care of individuals emotions. Baroque paintings were used especially for matters to do with religion.
The Italians were surrounded by the remains of the ancient Greek and Romans, with spectacular buildings, Greek writings and art. The Europeans need a change, an injection of life with a cultural change in ideas. A rebirth; A Renaissance. The Renaissance artist wanted the viewer to feel compelled towards the church while looking at their paintings, in anticipation for them to believe in their faith and to become a better person. The majority of art in this time was derived not only from biblical stories but also from writings of the Greeks referring to their Gods.
At first glance the Pala Pesaro is obviously a religious piece of art, probably a commission from the church or a known and wealthy religious figure. I know from previous knowledge that this painting is located in the Basilica Frari, which means that the painting is Catholic. I can assume it is an oil on canvas painting since that type of medium was very common throughout history until the 20th century. I also would guess that the Pesaro Madonna was painted around 12th or 13th century since that is the time in which catholic paintings flourished in this style. The painting looks like it has much symbolism, such as the kneeling and prayer which means that the woman is the Virgin Mary with Christ.
1. Renaissance An age of curiosity and individualism, exploration and adventure and the rebirth of human creativity are the words that describe the Renaissance and was the time of Humanism. The humanism, an intellectual movement was focus on the human life and its accomplishments. The musical activity shifted from the church to the court due to the loss of church power and new humanistic ideas that gradually increased. All upper and middle class had to be educated because education was the symbol to show their status and it was compulsory to be trained in music.
This movement brought unity to people influencing them that they have freedom to equal rights and status in society, to express their emotions and from religion. Italy and Germany was divided for a very long time and nationalism became a sense of hope for the citizens to believe they would be unified someday. This movement later spread on to other countries such as Italy, Germany and Russia where the traits of nationalism are brought into arts, politics and music. The world was once a chaotic place where there is no unity and freedom among people but it was nationalism that brought people together. Nationalism influenced citizens to always take pride in their own country which led composers of the 19th century to incorporate nationalism into their own music.
The Counter Reformation was how the church responded to Martin Luther’s ideas on the church’s behavior and on his ideas about what was the right way to practice Catholicism. The Reformation was a time when different ideas about the church were coming out and so the church began to evolve in response to those ideas about the Catholic Church. Playle 2 The Reformation is defined as a 16th-century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the Pope’s authority (Broderick, Robert C.).
He used to oppose many teachings and sayings of the Roman Catholic Church. His “95 Theses,” which was based on two central beliefs that the Bible is the central religious authority and that humans may reach salvation only by their faith and not by their deeds was to spark the Protestant Reformation. Although these ideas had been presented before, Martin Luther codified them at a moment in history ripe for religious reformation. The Catholic Church was ever after divided, and the Protestantism that soon emerged was shaped by Luther’s ideas. His writings changed the course of religious and cultural history in the West.
Stained glass paintings became common in these structures, as well as the intricately hand painted illustrations in illuminated manuscripts and woodworks that decorate the religious buildings. Some of the general characteristics of Romanesque paintings are the following: - There is a religious message or teaching being portrayed or imparted. - Because the artists of this time focused more on the message of the painting, there is an anti naturalistic representation of reality for the characters painted: the message is more important. - Gestural representation is emphasized wherein most characters are seen giving a gesture or are in motion. For example a saint has his hands held up like he is giving a blessing.
However, as the last sentence implied that people should rejoice at, instead of arguing and grieving. We can draw the conclusion that religion tolerance was still rare during his time (Document 12). The results of Protestant Reformation had came out to be the developments of individual values toward religion tolerance. As the heretics endured prosecution, more people yearned for an acknowledgement for religious freedom and
Religion in Macbeth and Beowulf Whether it be a play or a poem religion will influence how the author writes their story. Some writings might hold more religious standing than others, for example Macbeth and Beowulf. While both Macbeth and Beowulf express Christian views, Macbeth’s Christian standing is stronger because it doesn’t use paganistic views like Beowulf, and the characters express a more biblical background. Shakespeare 's biblical imagery in Macbeth is far greater than Beowulf’s biblical standing. Macbeth was written during a time where religion was an important aspect most people’s lives and it was meant to please King James who was on the throne at this point.