The success and popularity of the Baroque style were backed up by the Catholic Church. The Catholic Church expressed that the arts should connect with religious themes with emotional attachment. Baroque art and architecture were viewed by the aristocrats as a method of impressing guests by sticking out strength, victory, and supremacy. Baroque areas are created around an entrance of grand staircases, royal residence, and luxurious reception suits. The Baroque era is divided into three approximate phases: Early Baroque, c. 1590–1625 High Baroque, c. 1625–1660 Late Baroque, c. 1660–1725 or later The development of Baroque The Baroque arose around 1600, a few decades after the Council of Trent, by which the Roman Catholic Church was agreed that the representational arts, by that sculptures and paintings in church contexts was healthy
Guillame de Machaut is one of the most important composer and poet of the Ars Nova period. The Ars Subtilior flourished in the Avignon papal court and other courts in southern France and northern Italy. The term Ars Subtilior was derived from a treatise on notation attributed to Philippus de Caserta who
1. INTRODUCTION 1.1 Background The Baroque was the period of artistic style and exaggerated motion. This Era was all about exuberance, drama and grandeur in all forms of art. The style began around 1600 in Rome, Italy and spread to most of Europe (Fargis1998, p.262). In spite of being originated in the 17th century Baroque fashion has made a very strong comeback in the fashion realm.
The American identity has evolved over time. During the 1700’s, the Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, occurred. It spread rapidly across Europe, and then to North America. This revolutionary way of thinking was crucial to the development of the American identity. The Enlightenment was the period for cultivation of science and human reason.
The Baroque Period, starting from the beginning of the 17th century to mid 18th century, was a period that continued to build upon the individualism of the Renaissance period and discover new ideas. From new and significant discoveries in science from people such as Galileo, to mathematical advances from people such as Isaac Newton, people were transitioning from being oblivious to the world to being more aware of the world around them. The music of the baroque period reflected the ambition of the new and radical changes. Well known composers such as Bach, Handel, Vivaldi, and Monteverdi were writing in newly unheard and revolutionary musical concepts, and were popularizing genres such as opera, and emphasizing the use of instruments barely used before such as the harpsichord, and the woodwinds. Their musical legacy continues to live on to this day, and is a wonderful discovery of beautifully composed compositions that continues to be performed worldwide by professional orchestras and bands.
Baroque Art and Architecture History The style dominating the art and architecture of Europe and certain European colonies in the Americas throughout the 17th and 18th century in certain places. The term Baroque is derived from Spanish and Portuguese word that denotes irregular shaped pearl. As human awareness towards the world continuously expands, art has not only been influenced by the many discoveries of science, but many aspects of baroque art are also determined by religion, especially the Roman Catholic Church which served as a highly influential patron. The monarchies of France and Spain are the examples that Baroque Art is also influenced by political situations. Generally, Baroque Art is a sense of movement, energy and tension.
Throughout history, many periods of music have existed, some of which have left behind enduring contributions to music altogether. The most important period of music however is the Baroque period. This is because the beginning of its era marked the introduction of dominant musical devices that have been used ever since. The term “baroque” was derived from the Portuguese barroco meaning “oddly shaped pearl” and refers to a period of European music or Western European art music that flourished from about 1600 to 1750. This period began when the Renaissance period of music – a period of music full of choral music and chants – began to change.
The eighteenth century saw a host of social, religious, and intellectual changes across the British Empire. While the Great Awakening promoted and emphasized emotional religiosity, the Enlightenment promoted the power of reason and scientific observation. Both of these movements had a lasting impact on the colonies (Schultz, 2014). These movements had an impact on the American lifestyle that still exists today. The Enlightenment was responsible for inspiring revived interests in education, science and literature.
The Elizabethan World View and the Great Chain of Being The Elizabethan world view and the great chain of being happened from approximately 1558 to 1603. This era was full of different view points and ideas being reused from different times, as well as great writers. At this time Queen Elizabeth was on the throne, and during her reign the arts and sciences thrived. This period was also the end of the Renaissance, bringing the industrious revolution, and in the United Kingdom, the Jacobean era. During the Elizabethan era there were many psychological beliefs; for example, the divine right of kings, the signs of the zodiac, the four elements and humors, and the great chain of being.
And according to Realism the external world of objects is not imaginary. It really exists, “Our experience is not independent but determines reaction to the external objects. Experiences are influenced by the external world which has real existence.”The realistic movement in education started from the 16th century. The 16th and 17th centuries witnessed great inventions and epochal discoveries which greatly increased the store of human knowledge. They extended the horizon of human knowledge.
During this period his interest in alchemy and astronomy was aroused, and he bought several astronomical instruments. In 1572 Tycho observed the new star in Cassiopeia and published a brief tract about it the following year. In 1574 he gave a course of lectures on astronomy at the University of Copenhagen. He was now convinced that the improvement of astronomy hinged on accurate observations. After another tour of Germany, where he visited astronomers, Tycho accepted an offer from the King Frederick II to fund an observatory.
He sent his drawn renditions of Jupiter and Mars to the Lowell Observatory, hoping to get feedback from professional astronomers. Instead, they offered him a job. This was before he even earned his bachelor’s and master’s degree. Tombaugh worked there from 1929 to 1945. During his time at the observatory, Tombaugh discovered many asteroids, starting with 2839 Annette in 1929.
The Enlightenment was a philosophical movement which leaded the world’s ideas in Europe in the 18th century and mobilized by varies group of philosophes. Numerous ideas of the French and American Revolutions originated from the Enlightenment. The movement was pivotal in developing every aspect of the modern world, most particularly in terms of natural laws, politics and government. Without the central ideas of the Enlightenment, our world would have been different. The following paragraphs will discuss the influences of the Enlightenment with reference to Isaac Newton and John Locke.
The Baroque was an era of great changes in religion, politics, science, and economics. The Baroque Era began with the Counter-Reformation and ended with two types of revolutions, political and industrial, that changed the world. The baroque was also a period of scientific innovation led by the discoveries of Descartes and Galileo. Science was no longer based on Greek ideals or religious dogma but on reason and empirical laws. The counter-reformation was Catholic Church’s response to the Protestant Reformation.
Science during the renaissance played a big impact on how people looked at the universe and the environment we live in. During the Middle Ages a Roman Astronomer named Ptolemy came up with the theory that all surrounding planets orbited around the Earth. Advancement in telescopes and technology helped Copernicus during the renaissance create a more logical and accurate theory which stated how the sun is in the middle of our universe and all planets orbited the sun. This changed the way man thought because it realized how small Earth is compared to the rest of the solar system and how we may not be