This decision to transfer the SS Panzer by Model is one of the reasons why Operation Market Garden failed. Hitler believed that Model wasn’t capable of restoring the German defense, so he replaced Model with Von Rundstedt as OB West. Hitler ordered Von Rundstedt to keep the Siegfried line in readiness. Siegfried line was a defense system stretching more than 630 km, with 18,000 bunkers, tunnels and tank traps. Von Rundstedt ordered the 15th Army to retreat to the west, with the exception of some units who had to defend the Canal ports.
The Revolutionary war appeared like it was going to end earlier than expected. Since the British army were driving the revolutionist, led by Washington, out of New York and into New Jersey. The British continuously pursued the crippled colonist army, so Washington led his army across the Delaware river. They camped on the Pennsylvania side of the river, but the army was abridged of supplies. Washington considered a very risky plan, knowing if he didn’t do anything the revolution will come to an end.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was a very successful battle not only for the Allies but, for the Canadian army. The Battle of Vimy Ridge took place in April 1917 in France. The battlefield gave Germany the upper hand as their trenches were located on a hill. Therefore giving Germany a commanding view of the British trenches and troops. Britain and France had tried on countless occasions to capture the area, however they were forced back by German artillery.
With the recent creation of nuclear bombs, no one knew the magnitude of the damage that would be caused, but everybody for sure feared it. The Cold War went on for many years beyond the 1960’s, and the amount of fear felt by millions remained. Modern warfare, compared to warfare in the 1960’s, has changed drastically. The modern war fought was the war in Iraq after 9/11. The war in Iraq began March 19, 2003, and began with the bombing of Baghdad after other means had failed (“The War on Terrorism…” 1-4).
Germany was not consulted about this and was forced to sign. Finally, Hitler followed an expansionist policy of Lebensraum, which means living space. This term was used by Nazis to justify their claim to large areas of Russia and Eastern Europe. It was to cater for the growing German population and there are no doubt that Hitler’s aims and objectives contributed to Hitler dominating the diplomatic stage in Europe. Hitler promised to unite all German speakers together and he wanted to create an empire by threatening war to achieve his aims.
For this the Germans relied on trains. Once the Germans had started the invasion, the French destroyed the train tracks so the German forces was slowed down substantially. Also, the assumption made by the Germans turned out to be wrong. Russia didn’t need six weeks to mobilize its troops and the British played a huge role in protecting Belgium. At that point Germany had no option to turn back as there was no alternate plan.
The military conflict between Russia and the Mujahedeen (1980-1989) defines an important example of the use of guerrilla warfare that Mao Zedong instituted in the Three Stages of Insurgency. The first stage of Mao’s insurgency involves utilizing the bare minimum for survival, yet by also utilizing organizational skills to assemble a small fighting force. After the Soviets had invaded Afghanistan and taken the capital of Kabul, it seemed an obvious victory for the larger Russian forces. However, the local mujahedeen militias began to organize in areas of Afghanistan where the terrain was mountainous and difficult to traverse. The example of early the early survival of the Mujahedeen organization was founded in the Panjshir Valley.
Napoleon attacks Moscow The great fire of Moscow happened in Moscow in 1812 the great city was burned by the Russian army’s when Napoleon tried attacking Russia during the Winter of 1812. The Russians used a tactic called scorched earth which is the tactic which the opposing army attacks and destroys anything that could be useful to the enemy. Napoleon could of done multiple things to prevent this He could of attacked in spring instead of fall, or he could of not attacked at all, but instead he attacked in fall and fell right into Russia trap. This was the start of the end of Napoleon's reign in Europe.
Throughout WWII Hitler conquered most of Europe. He did all this through what is known as a phony war. Its referred to as a phony war because no country fought back to hitlers terror. When Hitler first broke the Treaty of Versailles, no country responded because of the negative financial state in their individual countries. Many countries lacked the funds to support a war.
During world war 2 the whole world was shocked by the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact which was a neutrality act that prevented two of the most feared dictators in the world, Hitler from Germany and Stalin from the USSR, to attack each other and ally or aid an enemy of the other nation throughout the continuation of the war. The pact was signed in Moscow on August 23, 1939 by ministers of foreign affairs Joachim von Ribbentrop representing Germany and Vyacheslav Molotov representing the USSR. The pact ended in June 22, 1941 after the disastrous invasion of Russia codenamed operation Barbarossa in which Hitler’s army was defeated by the Russian winter resulting in the Germans loss of momentum causing Hitler to become the military general
Operation Hydra was an allied strategic bombing raid on the Peenemünde Army Research Centre on the 17th/18th August 1943. These raids, according to Joseph Goebbels, caused a setback of ‘six to eight weeks’ in terms of the testing of the revolutionary weapon. This setback meant that the development of the V-2 Rocket occurred too late to become a significant factor in the outcome of the war and hence Allied Strategic Bombing was greatly significant in these regards. Allied Strategic Bombing also
Was the main reason for popular support for the Nazis 1933-45 the use of propaganda? [20 marks] Propaganda is information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote a political cause or point of view. The Nazi's used propaganda in way that maximised the manipulation of the German public. It enabled the Nazis to speak to the various German peoples, through exploiting every means possible and accessible. Despite this, propaganda alone would not have allowed the Nazis to retain as much support as they did, as other factors, such as the policies that the regime implemented, swayed public opinion.
Joseph Stalin’s determination greatly affected his leadership and led to the beginnings of the Cold War. His determination allowed him to rise to power and destroy all opposition against his reign. The Great Purge, one of the greatest terrors in history, was also done due to his determination to stay in power. This same determination led to, as well as shaped, many of the events of World War 2. His leadership was very similar to the leadership of Adolf Hitler, yet because of his determination, was quite different, and quite possibly more effective.
The Battle of the Bulge is regarded as one of the hardest fought battles of the Second World War. Formally known as the Ardennes Counteroffensive, it was fought in the forested Ardennes regions of Belgium, France and Luxembourg. The offensive began with Hitler’s assault against the Allied Western front line on December 16, 1944. The duration of fighting took place in the bitter cold of the Rhine winter, and ended with Allied victory on January 25, 1945. Over the course of the battle, nearly 500,000 German soldiers were deployed, as well as 600,000 Allied troops.
Prussia had been in an economic and constitutional crisis in the 1860s. They could not agree on a spending limit for the government’s budget. This sparked the Seven Weeks’ War between Prussia and Austria. After that war was decided, the minister-president, Otto Von Bismark, apologized for the illegal spending of money while the country was in debate. The Seven Week’s War also contributed to Prussia obtaining about two thirds of the German Territory going into 1870.