In the fall of 1863 General William T. Sherman started planning for the next portion of his battles across the southern states and ending in the Carolinas to try and finally end the Civil War. The campaigns and battles proceeding the spring of 1864 had been conventional warfare, hand to hand and geared more directly at the troops, ships, battery emplacements, and key military facilities. Sherman left Vicksburg February 3, 1864 giving explicit orders to destroy the railroad tracks across Mississippi, as well any facility or establishment that could be utilized in helping or supporting the Confederate war efforts. Sherman continued this reign of destruction the Carolina’s. The definition of Total War given by Hugh Bicheno a historian that
Sherman sent several distractions, to confuse confederate general Polk and also surrounded Mobile Bay so they could not send reinforcements to their confederate counterparts. Sherman’s plans worked so well that Polk thought he was attacking Mobile Bay and thereby evacuated Meridian. One of the other regiments that split apart from Sherman’s army wasn’t so lucky. The regiment led under officer Smith met confederate resistance and in the midst of a retreat, the entire left flank of his army
Admiral David Farragut has successfully seized New Orleans from the grasp of the Confederacy on April 24th, 1862. Two of the major opponents to the Union’s advancement in the war were Fort Jackson and Fort St. Philip, which had been brutally seized from Union troops. Those forts were used to provide a front line of defense from any kind of naval assault on New Orleans. Now, however, securing New Orleans has put a serious dent in the Confederacy’s strength. Farragut accomplished this great feat by organizing an assault on the enemy forts with a daring fleet of 24 gunboats, 19 mortar boats, and nearly 15,000 soldiers on the night of April 24th; it soon forced the forts to surrender.
Lee to break the Union line but this brought the most important and affective battle of the American Civil War to an end. Lee had planned an assault on the Meade’s Center due his failure. Both armies were exhausted this day after fighting for so long. The Army of Potomac was too weak to attack or fight the confederates and Lee finally led his army out of the north. The Battle of Gettysburg was the turning point in the Civil war.
Fort Sumter was the first battle of the Civil War. This battle begun after South Carolina seceded from the Union. They believe that the Fort would be theirs. Lincoln ordered the troops not to fire, yet he provided them with food. Eventually, South Carolina took control of the fort, thus becoming the first Confederate victory.
The Mexican-American War “Although most Americans believed in Manifest Destiny, few could agree on exactly which lands the United States was supposed to govern.” -Charles W. Carey Jr. The Mexican-American War, also known as the Mexican War, was a war between the United States and the Centralist Republic of Mexico occurring between April 25, 1846 and February 2, 1848. It all began when a Mexican cavalry attacked a group of U.S. soldiers in the disputed zone under the command of General Zachary Taylor, killing around a dozen troops. When Texas gained their independence from Mexico in 1836, the United States declined to add the territory into the union because of politics. If Texas was occupied as a state, the addition of another slave
Polk at this time looking at mexico with no opposition turn to congress to declare war. congress did not want to because of the reasons Polk wanted war were invalid, but congress did say if they shot at us we would have no choice than to go to war with mexico. So frustrated Polk now forced a showdown, and on Jan. 1846, he ordered men under Zachary Taylor to march from the Nueces River to the Rio Grande, provocatively near Mexican troops. As events would have it, on April 1846, news of Mexican troops crossing the Rio Grande and killing of wounding 16 Americans came to Washington, and Polk pushed for a declaration of war. so with the Push by Polk, Congress declared war, and so began the Mexican-American War which mexico was trapped in fighting.
This march has caused major damage to the Confederate economy, transportation system, and their will to win. This determined march started at the captured city of Atlanta to Savannah. It also included, 62,000 troops from the Union Georgia and Tennessee Armies. The troops marched in a 50 mile wide column that brought destruction to whatever it touched. Sherman 's troops destroyed agriculture, industry infrastructures, and civilian owned property; as part of the scorched earth warfare.
The Atlanta Campaign was a series of battles fought throughout northwest Georgia from May 7, 1864 to September 2, 1864. The Union Commander was Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman and the Confederate Commander was Gen. Joseph E. Johnston. On May 1864, Sherman was battling the Confederate Army of Tennessee for northern Georgia which caused the major manufacturing center and railroad hub, Atlanta, to be at stake. Near Chattanooga, Sherman had 11,000 men and 254 cannons in 3 armies while Johnston had 53,800 officers plus the 15,000 reinforcements in Dalton. In an interview, a Confederate soldier says, "Johnston 's strategy was to take a strong defensive position and waiting for the enemy to attack."
The Texas Revolution was where The Battle of Alamo where President Santa Anna did a 13 day siege and killed off the 100 Texas who were stationed there. This became a major victory for Santa Anna and also inspired the Texans to fight harder because the soldiers who surrendered also were killed off. General Sam Houston later on captured Santa Anna which later they declare impedance from
The Civil War has caused one nation to be divided into two sub nations all while president Abraham Lincoln is in office. President Lincoln abolished slavery, which in turn caused the Civil War. Abolishing slavery naturally gave Lincoln enemies all throughout the south but only a few people acted. John Wilkes Booth met with three culprits who created a master plain to kill the president. The Civil War is what started Abraham Lincoln’s downfall; there for, this act leads to and causes the assassination of Lincoln.
Another plausible theory of why this battle was fought is that he wanted to push forward his troops to kill the other army’s troops so, that he could use his other part of his troops for the battle of gettysburg. The bloodiest day in America ever was September 17, 1862 also known as the battle of antietam. One of the plausible theories of why it was fought is that it was to stop Robert E. Lee’s first invasion on a northern state. That is a very plausible theory because Robert E. Lee was very aggressive and always tried to take the initiative in every battle or invasion. The
To achieve that end, he launched a campaign in Georgia that was defined as “modern warfare”, and brought “total destruction…upon the civilian population in the path of the advancing columns [of his armies].” Commanding three armies, under George Henry Thomas, James B. McPherson, and John M. Schofield, he used his superior numbers to consistently outflank Confederate troops under Joseph E. Johnston, and captured Atlanta on September 2, 1864. The success of the campaign ultimately helped Lincoln win reelection. After the fall of Atlanta, Sherman left the forces under Thomas and Schofield to continue to harass the Confederate Army of Tennessee under John Bell Hood. Meanwhile, Sherman cut off all communications to his army and commenced his now-famous “March to the Sea," leaving in his wake a forty to sixty mile-wide path of destruction through the heartland of Georgia. On December 21, 1864 Sherman wired Lincoln to offer him an early Christmas present: the city of Savannah.
The first village built by the English was named “James Fort” in honor of their monarch. Within two weeks the Indians, known as the Powhatan’s, found out from the Secotans (North Carolina Native Americans), where most of the recent settlements got “lost”, so they attacked the village. The attack was a failure because the British drew out the Indians with cannons and muskets. After the British drove the Indians away showing more power they also had disadvantages, most of the settlers were trained soldiers and gentries which means they didn’t have enough farmers and farm land to feed all 150 colonists. By the first half of September more than half of the James Fort city (later Jamestown) colonists died, taking the Powhatan’s to pity.
Once captured John Brown was sentenced to hanging and died. This was one of the first violent acts by abolitionists. Most abolitionists had believed a peaceful approach would work. One of the biggest events leading to the Civil War was Abraham Lincoln being elected as president. After Lincoln was elected as president, 7 states seceded from the Union.