In part two, Persia is defeated as they try to invade Greece in 490 BCE. After their victory, Themistocles is elected into power and builds a great naval force. When Persia attacks a second time, they are eradicated once again. Pericles, Themistocles
In 334, Alexander embarked on his Asiatic expedition, arriving in Troy that spring. Alexander then faced Persian King Darius III 's army near the Grancius River; Darius ' forces were swiftly defeated. By fall, Alexander and his army had made it across the southern coast of Asia Minor to Gordium, where they took the winter to rest. In the summer of 333, the troops of Alexander and Darius once again went head to head in battle at Issus. Although Alexander 's army was outnumbered, he used his flair for military strategy to create formations that defeated the Persians again and caused Darius to flee.
Entry 1, 340 BC Today we are marching against the Greeks. Athens and Thebes has managed to gather a large army. It means nothing, our army shall crush theirs and their cavalry will soon be completely annihilated. The Greeks wish to meet at Chaeronea. My father will lead the military and I the cavalry.
2. What are some of the major issues that Alexander the Great faced when he ascended the throne after his father 's death? How did Alexander handle these issues? Some of the issues Alexander the Great faced when he became a king, was some of the Greek cities did not want him as king and decide to doubt him. He proofed them wrong by setting a harsh example for them, he attacked the accent city of Thebes and then sold more than twenty thousand Thebans to slavery and killed six thousand of them.
Athena conjured up a storm in the Aegean sea. She was furious about Ajax’s blasphemy, which occurred at the sack of Troy. -The storm destroyed Agamemnon’s fleet that Ajax was sailing. Ajax bragged that he escaped unharmed. Poseidon was not pleased with his arrogance so he struck Ajax w. his trident and killed him.
Herodotus begins by describing the reasons for Darius invading Scythians. The Scythians, a century ago, invaded Media and defeated those who stood against them, thus starting the conflict with Persians. For the next twenty-eight years, they lorded the Upper Asia before returning home, only to discover a small army opposing their entrance (Herodotus, P.129) While the Scythians men were abroad, the women had intermarried with their slaves. Instead of fighting with the slaves, the military walked boldly into their territory because they thought that if they hold spears against their slaves, then the slaves might imagine themselves their equals. Moreover, Herodotus provides various accounts of the origin of these nomadic people including the Scythians
In Persian wars, led by Sparta, not only the armies of Athens and Sparta, but also other city-states as Greek allies fought with Persian army many times (Brand, n.d.). Themistocles worried Persians and built a fleet of 200 warships called triremes (Brand, n.d.). Poor majority of Athenian citizens had a chance to get involved in the wars as the war ship trireme 's roars (Brand, n.d.). It opened a door for them to become voters (Brand, n.d.). Democracy in Athens progressed one step further by the wars (Brand,
After the imperial palace the Golden House was built on his villa Domus Aurea, his attempt to govern and bring growth to Rome had halted instead he took a tour of Greece to perform, in 68 A.D Nero was late to respond to a revolt of the Gaul. In this time general Galba declared himself Legate of Senate of the Roman People as well for having the Pretorian guard backing him as well for the people declared Nero an enemy of Rome. This was the end for Nero and he knew it according to, Morgan Gwyn’s 69 A.D : The Year of Four Emperors goes on to say, “Nero fled to the country villa of his freedman Phaon some four miles from Rome and, after much hesitation, steeled himself to commit suicide by driving a dagger into his throat. It was a singularly inartistic end for the last male member of the Julio-Claudian line. This would mark the end of Nero Claudius Caesar Augustus Germanicus, a ruler that was known for the pain he caused of others, bankrupting the treasury, the killing of his mother, and the acts of a man who used Rome as his personal play ground in conclusion he devastated Rome in
The battle of Thermopylae was a state of war with Persia and Greece in Thermopylae area in 480 B.C. In the background of this battle, the Persian King Xerxes 1 plans to invade with the desire to dominate Greece. Xerxes sent an envoy to the city states of ancient Greece and threaten to carry out a massacre if his reign does not acknowledge. However, the Leonidas who was a king of Sparta rejected to surrender, and he killed the envoy into a well. The Leonidas unites with the city nations, and he plans to prevent the Persian army.
The Iliad by Homer The Iliad was a really good representation of the chaotic war-torn times of the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea; this includes the countries Rome and Greece. It was a time where nations were trying to expand their power and influence and warriors were claiming their spoils of war. I mean the beginning of book I of The Iliad, Achilles and Agamemnon are arguing over the rewards and the spoils of war. Agamemnon didn’t want to give up his prize girl Chryses in order to please the God Apollo and stop the plague and the rain of arrow falling from Olympus. However, in the end Agamemnon took Achilles’ girl, Briseis, which really hurt Achilles in the end.