My thesis statement is: All cloning should be avoided because it’s inhumane. Dolly the sheep is an example of adult animal cloning. It was a very difficult organism to clone. They had to go over 277 attempts of many sheeps. There were over 200 sheeps killed until one of them was the survivor, Dolly.
Just like Dolly, many other animal species such as dogs, cats, horses, pigs, rabbits, frogs, wolves, goats, monkeys, and fish, have been cloned and reproduced. Nowadays, animal cloning has became very normal. But what about humans? We have never heard of a successfully cloned human. Is it because technology is not advanced enough yet?
There has always been a misconception of what it means to clone. The general idea is that cloning is making a precise copy of the cloned subject; however, that is misleading. Cloning organisms does not work completely like the copy machine making copies, but more like breeding animals where two desired breeds are being bred to produce a new offspring where it grows into something that is somewhat similar to the expected outcome. To further understand cloning, the difference between therapeutic and reproductive cloning must be recognized. As Susan Aldridge illustrates in her article “Human Cloning”, therapeutic cloning is the creation of an embryo which will later develop into tissues and cells for the purpose of research.
Human cloning is ethically wrong; there are many risks involved, which will lead to detrimental effects on human society. Before going into my points, I would like to talk about what cloning is. According to the National Human Genome Research Institute, cloning is “a number of different processes that can be used to produce genetically identical copies of a biological entity.” (Green, genome.gov). There are three types of artificial cloning: gene cloning, reproductive cloning, and therapeutic cloning. Gene cloning is the production of copies of genes and DNA.
Cloning is bad because we don't know what is going to happen in the end, although there are those who are on the opposing side. Scientists have cloned various animals to attempt to reproduce an exact replica of the original animal. One major reason why cloning animals is an ongoing issue is that it causes suffering for animals. It is said that “animal surrogates were manifesting adverse outcomes, and cloned animals were having diseases and even high mortality rates. One of these negative results is the large offspring syndrome (LOS), where clones are large at birth since they came
NEW YORK (AP) — For the first time, researchers have used the cloning technique that produced Dolly the sheep to create healthy monkeys, bringing science an important step closer to being able to do the same with humans. Since Dolly's birth in 1996, scientists have cloned nearly two dozen kinds of mammals, including dogs, cats, pigs, cows and polo ponies, and have also created human embryos with this method. But until now, they have been unable to make babies this way in primates, the category that includes monkeys, apes and people. In a paper released Wednesday by the journal Cell, he and his colleagues announced that they successfully created two macaques. The female baby monkeys, about 7 and 8 weeks old, are named Zhong Zhong and Hua Hua.
About 20 years ago, born was the first cloned animal dolly and perhaps our science is now able to make a human clone. Human clones could used in a variety of ways, for example, curing infertility, functioniing spare parts for the hurted organs, and assisting medical research. However, the news that human clones are actually made has never been heard. Why the conclusion is not drawn although there have been such an large number of debates about whether the human cloning is ethical or not and the uses of technology. It is also true that the technology has some advantages, this is because human cloning technology has so many defects such as low success rates, abuse of technology, and unsolved ethical problems that human being can not afford.
Human cloning The term ‘cloning’ represents the processes carried out to produce a duplicated genetic replica of a certain type of cell, tissue, or organism. The duplicated material that consists of the identical genetic makeup with the original, is called a clone. Various methods of cloning that are claimed successful nowadays will be the gene cloning, which is referring to the creation of copies of segments or genes of DNA. Secondly, the reproductive cloning, where the duplication of the entire animals is made, and lastly the therapeutic cloning, which the embryonic stem cells are created. (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 2017).
Cloning is an idea that is often portrayed in science fiction as a way to essentially duplicate another living being. It has been making an appearance in the real world as something that could be useful in the medical and scientific fields as a way to bring back animals or to save peoples’ lives. Due to how unique cloning is, it was portrayed in famous parts of the media such as Jurassic Park. Although cloning does sound promising, it does possess a darker side to it, which does raise both moral and ethical issues. There are articles that do discuss cloning in which they either list the benefits of it or tell us about what moral and ethical issues that do come out of cloning.
(his/her name will be arthur)¨ It would be as if that person got a new pet, not like the old one came back. Although it has the same muscles, bones and color. And if it was a trained animal, then you’d have to retrain the new one. Arthur says, ¨Many people would argue that cloning animals for the sole purpose of testing or monetary gain would be a gross exploitation of innocent creatures.¨ Even though , cloned animals are exact copies of an already living one, they