The British first took control of India in 1759, when the “East India Company,” a British corporation, used their private military to take advantage of the declining government of India, the Mughal Dynasty. After this, they exploited it for its natural wealth and imposed regulations on India’s people that helped profits, particularly after the British government got involved personally. Finally, after decades of protest and conflict, India gained independence in 1947 due to the efforts of activists such as Mohandas Gandhi and their supporters. As supporters of imperialism would argue, during this Britain maintained structured control, provided trade, and protected Indian culture. However, they restricted freedoms, imposed poverty, and destroyed
They made many changes within the country; Dadabhai Naoroji praises them about in his speech to the London audience in document 18.3. He refers to how the British abolished the religious practice of Sati(when a widow burns herself at her husband's funeral), educated both male and female, gave freedom of rights, and the security of life and prosperity to the people of India. When looking from a British point of view these seem like modern improvements but, actually these were the norms and culture of India. Which Britain had no right to impair. I oppose the harmful, unequal practices, although I believe that India was developed enough to abolish the practices themselve.
For the time, railroads were the fastest and most cost-efficient way to travel, appealing to people from all socioeconomic backgrounds. Other documents like 3 and 6 demonstrate how people valued and appreciated the invention of railroads. The documents declare the empire would fall to enemies without the set up of them, and that the success of their empire was riding on the building of such railroads, not being able to achieve their goals without the development of the railroads. In Document 7 the author gushes about how the railroads have unified his country and brought his people together in a way he had not seen before. He claims that it was “the birth of a common national and patriotic sentiment” for India.
Imperialism is expanding a country’s influence and power using military force or diplomacy. This greatly helped many countries, such as Great Britain, France, and Germany. However it hurt other countries who were not in favour of imperialism, such as Egypt, China, and India. Peoples in colonized countries developed nationalist resistance movements to protest imperialism, both violently and nonviolently, whereas supporters of imperialism claimed it brought modernity, civilization, and education to “backward” colonized people. Imperialism is more easily understood when put into context.
India, one of the many colonies England controlled in the past was the “Jewel in the Crown” of the British Empire. Although in the beginning, it was controlled by the British East India Company as a source of cotton, tea, and indigo. The British had indirect control of India until the Sepoy Rebellion in 1857. Although Britain created India’s government and military, improved trade, protected land, claimed to improve education, and increased minority safety, however the government and military controlled and excluded Indians, trade only benefitted the British, statistics show education was better after Indian Independence, valuable land was degraded and minorities still felt fear and insecurity.
They gave them no say in their taxation at all. Britain rule was bad because it made the Indians extremely poor and left them with no money for food. It also impacted India in a negative way because all their soil for farming was destroyed and they also built railroads right in the middle of the towns. These railroads were used to benefit Britain because it made shipping materials and trade easier for them. Lastly, British rule caused lots of deaths from famine.
In 1757 the East India Company took over the Mughals territory by the battle of Plassey. After this the East India Company was the biggest power in India and the area grew over time. This imperialism by the British wasn 't all bad for India though. For India 's political and economic standpoint, imperialism helped improve there government, travel, and trade. Except for the social aspect.
Imperialism had a big impact on the native people of India in the time of 1750-1900. Imperialism is known as the dominance of other nations and/or countries over other places to spread their religion, culture, etc. The weakening of the Mughal Empire had a huge impact over all of India. As well as the British East India dominating a military so strong to take over part of India. With the decline of the Mughal Empire, India struggled to keep out invaders.
Most of the governmental systems didn’t help the indians in fact the things Britain put into place for india only made india profitable for britain. While the British believed that they helped India by setting up a government and military system India disagreed. In fact, they believed that britain caused problems in the Indian way of life. An example of this is british imperial rule established the framework for India 's justice system (Lalvani).
In a political standpoint the British negatively affected India because of their crooked government which was supremely British controlled and because of their military that was forcefully imposed on the indians. A mister Lalvani once stated “When the British east empire company arrived in 1613 India had no central government system” (Lalvani) but the government that the british had set up was responsible for bankrupting majority of Indians during the famine of 1770, due to the steep tax increase imposed during that time (doc #3). Showing that the british have no interest in the well being of the people they were governing, even in their time of need. The british along with establishing a government, put into place a military “the Indian army
Imperialism In the 19th and 20th centuries, various powerful nations sent colonizers to dominate weaker nations and expand their influence. This domination is called imperialism, which is still practiced today in moderation. Among the many countries shaped by imperialism were India and China. These two large countries were both colonized by the British who were one of the greatest imperialistic powers at that time.
The movie Gandhi was an inspiring depiction of the life of Mohandas Gandhi and the impact that he made on India in gaining its independence from Britain through the act of non-violent protest that made it possible. The film reveals the period of Indian immigrants being suppressed by the British authorities in 1893 South Africa. It shows the slow transformation of changes that occurs within India with the arrival of the Indian lawyer Gandhi who came to South Africa to be a legal advisor to a firm, and had witnessed the tragic reality of the absence of basic rights that his fellow Indian people were being denied of. Moved by the suffering, Gandhi displayed his ability to see the injustice and felt obligated to fix it through the interconnectedness
The British first came to India not only because of the abundance of raw materials, but also the mass potential they seen. The British East India Company, took advantage of the collapsing Mughal Empire, and broke away from their control to flourished their company. In 1857 the Sepoy army rebelled and that caused the British to come in guns blazing and take over the country. The British rule demolished India through, taxation on anything made in India, and the exportation of raw materials, which caused a plentiful amount of famine,and throughout all of this, the British kept most on India uneducated, and those they did educate, most were forced to become interpreters for the benefits it would make in taking over India and keeping the British in control. Political Paragraph British imperialism had a negative effect on the politics of India because of the corrupt justice system, and the utter lack of respect that killed masses of innocent people.
Compare and contrast Dutch East Indian Company and British Indian Company All societies, states and companies tried to build domination on their weaker neighbors or opponents. The main motivations for building imperialist institutions were generally same. Conquering societies which were danger for them, getting natural resources, being imperially powerful and getting economical power to their hands were the main motivations for societies to establish these institutions. The domination of a country’s or region’s political, cultural, or economic life by one country is called imperialism. (Esler, 2010)