This problem is getting worse and worse by the years and even former president Barrack Obama commented- “Over the last few decades, we’ve locked up more and more nonviolent offenders than ever before. Longer than ever before and that is the real reason our prison population is so high.” The United States has imprisoned more than 25 percent of all the prisoners in the world, even though we only have about 5 percent of the world’s population.
Having individuals locked up and hidden from society is not the right way to go about punishment. Instead the correctional system should guide and mentor those convicted and should help alter their behavior so that they are more suitable to live in society. Sentencing someone to prison without giving them the tools to correct the behavior that was problematic in the first place actually defeats the purpose of the punishment because the individual will likely repeat the same offense over
When in prison a person is not able to do much but wait till they get out or do what the prison guards want them to do like chores around the prison. An inmate can end up being in prison for years and it may lead to mental problems due to lack of freedom that they have in there. Almost in every prison there are inmates that have mental problems. The Nation’s Health newspaper article journalist Kim Krisberg, had research that around 24 percent of inmates have potential symptoms of psychosis (2006). As stated earlier 200,000 people end up in prison in each year which brings it to around 48,000 prisoners having mental health problems because of being in prison.
Overcrowding Prisons Prisons are overcrowded throughout the nation. The number of incarceration is rapidly increasing. Innocent prisoners are taking up space, and money is crucial. Prisoners are competing and struggling for a living. Therefore our two choices are to release the prisoners, or overcrowd them into jail.
There’s a multitude of things that need to be repaired in our system, and prison is one of them. Prison reform is an important issue because we need to take care of everyone and with the way we treat criminals, we do not see them as equal. We need to assess illegal acts correctly instead of trying to put people in jail for the rest of their lives. We also need to work more on how we try to rehabilitate people. Instead of barring convicts off from the rest of us, we need to teach them how to integrate, so they can live better lives than they did
The past 25 years the numbers of prisoners who are held in solitary confinement has sky rocketed. State and federal prisons all have solitary confinement. Therefore, when an inmate acts out and tries to attack other inmates, and officers then they are put into an individual cell and are isolated from other individuals. One senator had said that the expansion of the use of solitary confinement is an issue. Supermax prisons hold inmates that are considered “the worst of the worst”.
Prisoners can be sent to Special Housing Units for a wide variety of reasons, among those being minor and non-violent transgressions. Consequently, solitary confinement is experienced by a high percentage of prisoners, including those that are especially susceptible to extreme isolation like juveniles, the elderly, and people with mental illnesses or substance abuse problems. Statement of the Problem During the past few years, the numbers of supermax prisons have increased in many countries, especially in North America. Supermax prisons are said to be a solution to keep the most dangerous and violent prisoners that pose a threat to other individuals including inmates and the society that they live in. However, it has posed a threat to the inmates’ sanity, which can cause negative mental effects such as self-harm, anxiety, and irrational anger.
Its consequences can prevent prisons from fulfilling their functions as well (penalreform.org). For example, it can increase sickness among the inmates and prison guards. It can also increase the difficulties for the guards to control the extra amount of inmates. California prisons were ordered by district court panel to release or transfer more than 33,000 inmates due to overcrowding in 2011 (CNN.com). This decision was made by the United States Supreme Court which said that the conditions in the overcrowded prisons are so overwhelming that unusual punishment must be held.
Because they have expanded their role and can offer options for those on probation and those charged with a crime, this supports current initiatives to prevent putting everyone in jail or prison (Latessa & Smith, 2011). These homes are focused on reintegration and not just rehabilitation; furthering the effectiveness they provide communities and offenders (Latessa & Smith, 2011). Finally, the costs on taxpayers are far better going to community residential programs than compared to the cost of incarceration (Latessa & Smith,
Also hopefully by the offender not spending years in jail and doing things like community service they learn their lesson and will be less likely to commit another crime in the future compared to someone who spent years in jail. Overall I think that restorative justice would be a good idea for the United States as long as there is some regulation of it. I think this because it can help everyone who was involved and affected by the crime. Restorative justice can also help the offender to live a more normal life after and hopefully lead them in the right
It has more than doubled mainly because of the policy. Today, it costs about $20,000 per year to confine just one physically fit and capable offender, and about three times that cost for an older prisoner in a penitentiary (“Reasons” 1). Considering that California is just one of the fifty states that is required to uphold this law, how much money is really being siphoned annually just to keep so many offenders in jail? The state court systems costs are also rising due to the abundance of felony cases being persecuted. Since the prisons are being over populated, new prisons are being build, funneling more money into the equation.
Conditions at these camps were very harsh and the mortality rate, or the chance you have of getting out alive, was on average 27%. There were more than 150 prison camps established throughout the Civil War. They were all filled way past their capacity limits so inmates were very crowded with very little provisions and surrounded by disease. Three infamous prison camps are the Union’s Fort Delaware, Elmira Prison in New York, and Camp Sumter or Andersonville Prison. An estimated 56,000 men perished in prison camps during the Civil War.
1. Almost 100,000 the percentage of inmates who committed a drug offense is almost half of the prisons. Chart Label Offense # Of Inmates % Of Inmates A Banking and Insurance, Counterfeit, Embezzlement 668 0.3% B Burglary, Larceny, Property Offenses 8,077 4.2% C
From the book Zeitoun proves that Fema had mismanaged funds and did not take care of the most important tasks during the hurricane. According to the website Prison Legal News “Over 6,000 prisoners who had been packed into the Orleans Parish Prison (OPP) were displaced as a result of Hurricane Katrina” (Williams, Bob). That a mass of amount of prisoners in a short period of time at the cost of the Federal emergency management agency costing Fema big. Another fact for the state by Prison legal news “The DOC reportedly received funds from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) for each prisoner in custody -- the more prisoners, the higher the per diem payment. According to one report, FEMA 's projected payout to the DOC for just one day in December 2005 was over $146,000.
This new law caused an increase from an estimated 300,000 to 2 million prison inmates over the course of the last two decades. (Michelle Alexander, 2010) According to Rebecca C. Hatey and Jennifer L. Eberhdt of Stanford University, California holds only 7% of African American population but 45% of California’s prison inmates are African American under the three strikes law. (Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies 2014) Michelle Alexander writes that the mass incarceration of the 1990’s created a new “racial caste system” and extreme funding for the criminal system. (Michelle Alexander, 2010:58) The three strikes law targeted the communities affluent with minority groups. At the turn of the 21st century the majority that entered the prison system were African Americans and Latinos.