Causes Of The Berlin Blockade

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Berlin Blockade - 1948
Berlin, Usa, Germany were involved.
Britain , France, and America united together to form West Germany. And they introduced a new currency.
Stalin cut of all rail and road links to berlin. The west then supplied Berlin by air.
275 000 planes transported 1.5 million tons of goods to Berlin's airport.
In May 12 1949 Stalin abandoned the blockade.
Short term this resulted in the Cold war breaking out and the arms race.
Long term this resulted in the iron curtain coming down permanently. Nato was developed in 1949. And germany also became divided. Berlin Wall 1961-1989 -Berlin, Us, Soviet Union, -Nearly 2,000 refugees a day were fleeing to the West through West Berlin - damaging the Soviet claim that the Communist
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By October, the UN forces had almost conquered all of North Korea.
In November 1950, Chinese People's Volunteers attacked and drove the Americans back.
The Americans landed more troops and drove the Chinese back to the 38th parallel, where Truman ordered General MacArthur to stop and sacked him when he disagreed.
The war went on as border clashes until 1953 when America's new president, Eisenhower, offered peace, but threatened to use the atomic bomb if China did not accept the offer.
Hungarian Revolution 1956
Hungaria, Russia
Key causes: Khrushchev's policy of 'de-Stalinization' caused problems in many Eastern European Communist countries, where people hated the hard-line Stalinist regimes that Russia had put in place. There was also trouble in Poland in 1956, and
Khrushchev had to send in Russian troops.
The Hungarians were patriotic, and they hated Russian control, especially:
The secret police called the AVH in Hungary.
Russian control of the economy, which had made Hungary poor.
Russian control of what the schools taught.
Censorship and lack of freedom.
The Hungarians were religious, but the Communist Party had banned religion, and imprisoned Cardinal
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With his advisers, he decided on a naval blockade to prevent Russian ships delivering the missiles for the Cuban sites.

Monday 22 October
Kennedy announces a naval blockade of Cuba. B52 nuclear bombers are deployed, so that one-eighth of them are airborne all the time. Kennedy warns of a full retaliatory response, if any missile is launched from Cuba.
Tuesday 23 October
Khrushchev explains that the missile sites are "solely to defend Cuba against the attack of an aggressor".
Wednesday 24 October
Twenty Russian ships head for Cuba. Khrushchev tells the captains to ignore the blockade. Khrushchev warns that Russia will have "a fitting reply to the aggressor".
Thursday 25 October
The first Russian ship reaches the naval blockade. It is an oil ship and is allowed through. The other Russian ships turn back. Secretly, the US government floats the idea of removing the missiles in Turkey in exchange for those in Cuba.
Friday 26 October
Russia is still building the missile bases. In the morning, Kennedy considers an invasion of Cuba. It seems that war is about to break out. But at 6pm, Kennedy gets a telegram from Khrushchev offering to dismantle the sites if Kennedy lifts the blockade and promises not to invade
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