“If civilization is to survive, it is the morality of altruism that people must learn to reject.” -Ayn Rand. To be compassionate and unselfish seems to be a noble and magnanimous pursuit. Altruism is admired, it is beautiful, and it is praised. And yet, it goes against our very natures. There is no reason we should sacrifice ourselves to save a dying child.
Anthropocentrism is criticised based on two ways; these are the ontological and ethical senses. According to the ontological criticism, anthropocentrism is the mistake were human beings are placed at the centre of the world without realising that the Earth is a dynamic system and does take any account of how people are or how they choose to represent the form in which things are (Bhaskar, 1989). Anthropocentrism in the ethical criticism is the mistake of prioritising human interests in contrast with the interests of other living things sharing planet Earth with them (Hayward, 1997). The Earth is not an environment to be maintained in its original state or a place to be exploited, and satisfy greedy desires of economic purposes, instead it should be a place to be prepared and used for its capacity that may lead to future usefulness, hence anthropocentric acts are not justifiable because it is morally unacceptable for human population to consider themselves to be of intrinsic value both individually and as a nation (Dubos,
Aristotle believes that the “good” depends on its’ function, and if the function is performed well, then it exudes virtue. So if humans do indeed have a function, a good human will perform the function well. The human’s function then is the soul’s rational activity. Humans differ from plants and animals because we are rational beings. Therefore, human function is exclusive and only present in humans.
Nature is the profound blessing that human can ever receive in the Earth. As of sayings goes that literature is a mirror of life; in modern connotation the life does not simply mean life of human alone and it includes life of non-human too. Literary theories help to re-interpret the text in a better way to unwrap the multiple meanings hidden in it. A survey of contemporary literature deals with the environmental philosophy helps to explore leading theories in this area which includes anthropocentricism, biocentrism, ecocentrism, ecocriticism and ecofeminism. Ecocriticism is one of the significant theories in literature which helps to understand the relationship between literature and physical environment.
Modern society continues shifting in ways no one wants to imagine “the future” as. According to “The Four Negative Sides of Technology” by Alice Martin, technology can shift the way a human's mind works. Over using these devices can cause numerous amounts of damage to society in the future if it continues at the same pace. In Fahrenheit 451, Bradbury conveys our society will result in ignorant people and a censored society if technology continues to control us. Disastrously, due to technology, these acts have already begun taking place in modern society.
The quick appeal of intelligent design to theism has made natural scientists, like Alister McGrath to heavily criticize the inability of the Anthropic Principle to make new conversions to theism. McGrath argued that the Anthropic Principle is meant for a theistic worldview since it sounds apologetic due to an assumption that its proponents hold the some theistic values. Darwin, in the Origin of Species gives an alternative account of the supposedly amazing discoveries of the anthropic principle. What looked amazing is explained as having happened through pure chance. If there was any watch maker at all that fine tuned the universe, then it must have been some blind watchmaker with no sense of purpose.
Asimov has also written a few stories that portray post humanism, in particular his text titled “The Feeling of Power”(). In this same story he writes about how we gradually depend on the scientific project that being the technological devices to improve our way of being and how humans are never satisfied with what they have been granted. Humans are forever searching for power and for what is more then what they have. This has pushed us into wanting to become more like robots. We seek artificial substances and try by all means to get them.
Compare and contrast the effects of the creator’s choices in 'The Machine Stops’ and ‘Transcendence’ on the audience. By: Vinny 10A “They’ll be scared at first, but once they recognize what the technology can do, I think they’ll embrace it and it will change their lives.” Aren’t we all scared of change? With rate technology is developing, isn’t the feeling inevitable? Technology has inaugurated a new way of life where dependency on technology becomes inexorable. On ‘The Machine Stops’, everything could be accomplished with the touch of a button.
Human can’t imagine a life or even a day without machines. We can find many differences between Human’s life and the life of a machine related to translation, tranjection, memory, data structure, visuality, transformation etc. Some basic difference which we notice in our day to day life is- 1. LIFE: Machines don’t have life as some mechanical functions are running inside it. It doesn’t have emotions, feelings, reproduction, thinking power, intelligence, and sense like human beings.
Our ability to analyze critically would disappear. Where would the human race be if all we did was rely on technology to entertain us and failed to use our imaginations? The destruction and devastation of technology have already been shown to us, through mobile phones and their addicting ways, affecting people’s moods, eyesight and social interactions. Consequently, over using technology is certainly an unacceptable mania for humans, and those of the past, even wrote articles and stories telling of a world overrun with electronics and gizmos.