“The Dangers of Cramming” is the article by Keith Ablow which discusses about the fact that cramming does more harm than good. The author further elaborates on both the effects of cramming and the side effects of stimulants abuse. First, cramming can cause short-term intellectual setbacks, albeit the states of setbacks vary greatly among many different people. The author also explains about how the excessive use of stimulants can worsen students’ conditions, as it can cause syndrome and overdose. The good news is that while the effects of substance abuse are dangerous, but unless a person mistreats his/her body with the use of stimulants, he/she should be able to recover in a relatively quick time.
This is also supported by literature that if one sees oneself capable in areas of essentialness, where one tries to exceed expectations, one will have high self-esteem. On the other hand, if one misses the mark regarding one's perfect by being unsuccessful in spaces where one seeks to be able, low self-esteem will come about. (Harter, 1993, p. 88). The life events which causes low self-esteem in oneself are child abuse, bullying, punishment, recurrent failure in academics and professional life, unemployment, financial problems, failure to meet expectations of family, teachers and friends, family disharmony, chronic illness, body image disturbance, low or high body weight, poor body shape, unsuccessful sexual relations. Other reasons of low self-esteem are lack of unconditional positive
Sociopaths can also have chemical imbalances or areas of the brain with lesions. Sociopaths are usually a bit more impulsive than psychopaths. Sociopaths may be able to create some genuine relationships with people that think like them, but normally have more trouble even having false relationships with others. They have more difficulty maintaining a job or healthy relationships. They are less strategic when they commit crimes and often times will get caught either during the act or shortly after.
(Aharonian & Brian) The Yerkes-Dodson law proposes that the relationship between arousal and performance is an inverted U, in which moderate increase in arousal causes performance to increase but with too much arousal, performance decreases (Diamond, Campbell, Halonen
Those who have experience with this attribute tend to be those who were bullied, were a bully, previously held, or are currently holding positions of power over others. “Individuals with Machiavellian traits are just as likely to engage in antisocial behavior as individuals high in callous-unemotional traits and narcissistic traits, but their behavior is less impulsive and more dependent on the situation, involving more strategy and the use of less severe and more covert methods.” (Lau and Marsee
High P scores indicate hostility, self-centeredness, suspicion, and nonconformity. People low on the psychoticism tends to be altruistic, highly socialized, caring, cooperative, conforming, and conventional. Eysenck hypothesized that people high on psychoticism have a high predisposition to succumb to stress and develop a psychotic disorder. People with low P scores are not necessarily vulnerable to stress-related psychoses and will resist a psychotic break even in periods of extreme stress (Fiest et al., 2013, p. 409-10). I feel as though I have traits that fall under both introvert and extravert.
Preconscious means that the information is relatively easy to cause (though it may take several minutes or even hours), and the unconscious refers to data that are not available during normal consciousness. This preconscious memory, attention cognitive psychology as it relates to long-term memory. The processing theory, however, has provided some research that suggests that we "know" more than we can easily remember. These two processes are likely to move information into long-term memory is the development and dissemination
A low level of personal stress is welcomed as it can be pleasurable. Good pleasurable stress can be created when falling in love or during a high intensity sporting event. The unwanted stress is that which creates frustration, elevated levels of anxiety, and anger. Another form of stress is relationship stress. This occurs when elements outside of person are present.
Narcissists overestimate their own accomplishments and seem pretentious; although self-enhancement bias is common, narcissism is characterized by extreme levels of this bias (Sedikides, 1993). Narcissists often assume that others should lavish them with praise (Byrne & O'Brien, 2014). Narcissists rely on attention and positive evaluations from others to maintain a brittle and exaggerated sense of self-esteem (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). A sense of entitlement is common among narcissists who regularly exploit others and are unwilling to return favors (Byrne & O'Brien, 2014). High levels of narcissism are associated with acting in a self-centered manner, acknowledging it, and not appearing to think or care about the impact that this behavior may have on others (Grafeman et al., 2013).
If a person is more temperamental, they may react to a stressful event more dramatically than a person who is laid back. There are two personality types: “Type A” and “Type B”. “People with "Type A" personalities, for example, are rushed, ambitious, time-conscious and driven. Studies suggest these traits, if not properly managed, can create stress-related illnesses. In contrast, the "Type B" personality is a much more relaxed, less time-conscious and driven person.
The second concept I liked was self-esteem. Self-esteem is always a big issue to a lot of people. Self-esteem is the component of personality that encompasses our positive and negative self-evaluations. People can have high self-esteem in one are and low self-esteem in another area. Some people have low self-esteem just sometimes when they get down.
The Silver Linings Playbook The movie, The Silver Linings Playbook, is a romantic comedy that features two characters facing their own mental illness and battle for love. One night, Pat Solitano shockingly saw his wife have an affair with a guy, which resulted in Pat nearly beating him to death. His now, ex-wife, Nikki, moved away and has a restraining order against him.