Although, personality is unique to the individual, experts in the field of psychology have studied the idea that personality is somewhat based upon biology, therefore implying that the biological makeup plays a role in a person’s personality. Extensive research and indisputable evidence through long-term studies has supported the idea that personality is directly influenced by genetics. Evidence that supports the biological influence on personality development is based on direct evidence through the examination of genes and studies of individuals who have the same genetic makeup. Both identical and fraternal twins are good candidates and are commonly used for genetic studies in medical and psychology research. Throughout history, many twins have been placed in situations where they were raised in completely different environments, therefore they have been utilized in testing to determine the influence of genetics on every aspect of our composition.
Both of them fall into a category of biological approaches and attempt to explain how biology, in terms of physiology or evolution, is linked to personality. In spite of them being indeed good and valuable explanations of some behaviours, they also have their limitations. Physiological properties can easily be influenced by internal and external factors and confound the results. Next, most research test for correlations so the implication is that no causality can be defined. For evolutionary approach, a weakness is that a lot of research involves bias and hypothetical situations, and consequently, results might not be adequate to real-life situations.
Genetic characteristics and tendencies are not always evident at birth. Many physical features emerge gradually through the process of maturation, the genetically guided changes that occur over the course of development. Nature development need to be support by environmental aspect such as food, reasonably safe and toxin-free surroundings. In addition, responsive care from others is necessary
In a research study that was published by “faculty at the Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology unit at St. Thomas ' Hospital in London in 2000—Happy Families: A Twin Study of Humour —suggests that a sense of humor is a learned trait, influenced by family and cultural environment, and not genetically determined.”5 This means that even though twins share the very similar DNA sequence, different traits are acquired as part of their interaction with environment and does not wholly depend on genetics. Another piece of evidence that weighs heavily in favor of nurture and the study of twins is a podcast that was done by a multimedia news organisation called “NPR”. In that podcast, Peter Miller, a senior writer for the National Geographic gives the example of a set of twins with autism. Autism is a genetic trait and is inheritable and that is why both of these twins inherited it but at different degrees. In his talk he questions why does one have a greater degree of autism than the other.
Second one, the behaviourist approach assumes that the abnormal behaviour depends on the environmental influence. Major aim of the biological approach is that, if there is an existence of any physical abnormality, then there is also a possibility of restoring that abnormality by using some kind
Scientists have tried to understand human behavior through a study called the Approach, which analyzes the mental process of humans during interactions. Initially, people considered the behavioural approach, the belief that the behavior in humans could be evaluated externally instead of internally. The scientists would study people interacting with their environment either positively or negatively and correlate the situation with the people’s emotions. For example, if a child were to get hit, they would cry. However, in recent years, scientists were dissatisfied with this approach due to the inherent nature of the approach to generalize humans.
The biological pattern is made up of elements that come from both parents and transmitted directly from them to their off spring(General psychology with value development’ 2006 ). we cannot say that Genes act as an exact blueprint that determine our personality and behavior.Human being’s certain characteristics are biologically determined and is influenced by genetic factor.Heredity plays a great role in influencing some of the physical and psychological characteristics and several disorders which are transmitted from parents or ancestors to
The Classical Approach: approach, the oldest and perhaps most influential, relies on rational and deliberative approaches to strategy and planning. Evolutionary Perspectives on Strategy: approach draws on the metaphor of biological evolution, while substituting the discipline of the market for the law of the jungle. Processual Approaches to Strategy: approach being more pragmatic, emphasizes the need to accommodate the imperfect nature of all human life, including the fallible processes which surround organizations and markets. Systemic Perspectives on Strategy: approach is relativistic, regarding the ends and means of each particular strategy as linked to the culture and power of the local systems in which the strategy is