During 1964 President John F. Kennedy suggested that the whole nation should act upon treating all blacks equally he achieved this goal by passing a bill to end segregation. Before this bill was passed it was up for debate. As a Black Nationalist freedom fighter Malcolm X gave a powerful speech. Malcolm X led the Black Nationalism which was a political and social movement to help blacks acquire racial equality in the economy. Malcolm X the Ballot or The Bullet states that every single black faced the same problem being the only ones who can fix it.
THE Tuskegee Airmen were pilots during World War Two that fought and served for the country. Their main priority was fighting for the integration in the army since even in the military African-Americans were segregated. Later, President Truman would change this with an executive order that would integrate all units, and thus the first movements came to be. Two decades later, Dr. King would lead the civil rights movement through peaceful, non-violent protest that disobeyed laws at the time. This included boycotts such as the one on Montgomery buses which would have African-Americans sit at the back of the bus.
He staged sit-ins against segregated Nashville businesses when he first began his civil rights works. He then became a director of the SCLC, which was one of the largest civil rights group during the CRM. He also convinced Martin Luther King Jr. to let him use children in protests in Birmingham. King had let Bevel start one of the most eye opening protests of the entire Civil Rights Movement, without even know that he’d done so yet. Then, when Bevel moved to Chicago he brought activism there with him.
When Martin Luther protested an fought for the right of the colored people he did in a nonviolent way but the rulers did not use the same method. According to the article Selma to Montgomery March “The marchers didn’t get far before Alabama state troopers wielding whips, nightsticks and tear gas rushed the group at the Edmund Pettis Bridge and beat them back to Selma.” The ruled risk getting punished harshly but that doesn’t take away their responsibility. It is the citizens duty to create a safe and equal environment for everyone. “You are our sovereign, our Government, only so long as we consider ourselves your subjects” (pg.176). Citizens can’t be managed by the rulers in everything they do.
Its initial theme become the bus boycott drew national attention to racial inequality. It also propelled King into the national limelight. When considering achievements of what did Martin Luther King Jr. accomplish, the Montgomery Bus Boycott began his assent to becoming the most visibly prominent member the American civil rights movement. King mentioned this event in his memoirs as a vital part of the civil rights initiative. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference 1957, was a monumental year in the list of what did Martin Luther King Jr. accomplish.
The Civil Rights Act was caused by many things including the Brown v Board of Education case, Rosa Parks arrest, Little Rock school desegregation, and the march on Washington. In 1955, Rosa Parks nonviolently protested by refusing to give up her seat to a white passenger and was then arrested, this then led to bus boycotts to try to end segregation in buses. Interestingly enough, segregated buses were a violation of the 14th amendment. Another event that led up to the Civil Rights Act was the Little Rock school desegregation in 1957. A group of African-American students decided to integrate Central High School in Arkansas, they were faced with a white mob and the governor did not agree with these actions.
The NAACP went to the Federal Court in an attempt to have transportation segregation declared as unconstitutional. The Court ruled in favour of Black people but, Mayor of Montgomery, W A Gayle enacted their right to appeal this to the Supreme Court. Under the name Browder vs Gayle, the supreme court ruled in favour of the blacks, making the boycott a victory. This consequence was achieved because the boycott drove black leaders to initially take this case to the Federal Court. The last consequence that came from the Montgomery bus boycott was it Martin Luther King Jr. the the fore front of the Black Civil rights movement.
In 1935, Long led the fight for Louisiana to abolish the poll tax. The expensive poll tax required voters to pay a fee of 2 dollars (equivalent to 24 dollars today) to vote. Long’s success allowed for 250,000 new voters, including many poor African-Americans. Likewise, the CPUSA also campaigned for the abolishment of the poll tax. Further, Long was not afraid to attack the Ku Klux Klan, a Southern terrorist group that targeted African-Americans.
The boycott was the first large-scale demonstration against segregation in the U.S. that started four days after the arrest of Rosa Parks and lasted until U.S. Supreme Court ultimately ordered Montgomery to integrate its bus system. This victory also helped to propel Martin Luther King Jr to the forefront of the movement. The third significant victory came with the Voter’s Right Act. Signed into law on August 6th, 1965, this act sought to ban the tactics used by Southern voter registration boards. These discriminatory practices included used poll taxes, literacy tests, and other barriers to deny African Americans their legal rights.
He came to represent the troubles of the African Americans as they laughed in public and wept in their souls. This segregation gave way to White Supremacy groups that exist to conserve the social order that was established by the Jim Crow laws. The Ku Klux Klan is the most widely known of all the groups that came about in the period. The “Klan” as it is also known advocated extremist positions in the fields of white supremacy, white nationalism, and also anti-immigration. The first “Klan” flourished in the South of the United States of America in the late 1860s immediately after the Civil War.