The Birmingham Movement And The Civil Rights Movement In The 1960s

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1960s was a decade when ordinary citizens took to the streets in many parts of the world to protest against policies of the government and to demand a change in society. African Americans faced segregation and were treated extremely violently in mostly the southern states of America by conservative factions in society. Martin Luther King Jr. led the Birmingham Campaign in 1963 to draw attention to the on-going segregation and actions of the police. One of the protests in this campaign was the Children’s Crusade, where thousands of children took part in a non-violent protest, but were met with brutal violence from the police. At the same time, South Africa faced Apartheid, a system of racial segregation enforced through legislation. While black people in America were the minority, in South Africa they were the majority. When a new law was passed that stated all students in South Africa need to be taught in Afrikaans, as well as English, a spark was lit in Soweto that caused thousands of students to protest. While at first meaning to be non-violent, like the Children’s Crusade, it soon became extremely violent when police started shooting at the crowd. Both events shared oppressive contexts based on race and separation, both used peaceful protest by youths, but it lead to violent consequences, yet both achieved far-reaching results in their respective societies. The use of the youth in both events was essential to bring about change.

It was early in 1963, when Civil Rights

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