Many pieces written by Jackson have a small-town setting that end with horror. The short story “The lottery” is about a small village that has an annual lottery in which the winner gets stoned to death. Many of the townspeople know this is inhumane, but they choose not to speak out because their name isn’t picked. Jackson uses direct characterization to describe all the characters in the village and uses symbolism throughout the story. Not to forget about the vivid description of the setting in the beginning of the short story.
Throughout this story, Atticus shows that he is a courageous, wise, and kind character. Atticus is presented through the story as a strong, courageous character. At the beginning of the novel, Atticus is asked by the sheriff to defend Tom Robinson, a black man that has been accused of rape. Atticus goes against the whole town and decides that he is going to do the best of his ability to make sure that he and his client win the case. He got a lot of hate by doing this because it was unlawful to defend a negro man.
Jem and Scout are also bugged at school, for example Cecil Jacob’s makes fun of Atticus for defending Tom. “He announced in the school-yard the day before that Scout Finch’s daddy defended negros.” (85) Atticus and his children are affected by this for the majority of the story, and it is what sparks Bob Ewell’s revenge of trying to kill Jem and Scout. Prejudice is common with them, as people like Cecil Jacobs and Bob Ewell just assume Atticus choose to take the Tom Robinson case, however he is simply doing his job as a lawyer to defend them whether he thinks they are guilty or
He tells them when to draw the slips of paper from the black box and when to open the papers. When someone is unable to draw the lottery rule determine who should be next in line. Mr Summers plays an important role in the lottery because he has a lot of power. He's married and has no children but has a nagging wife. He has complete control of the names of the day of lottery and makes up the paper that go in the box it's up to him to make the black circle that condemns a person to death (Jackson 1).
He defends Tom Robinson despite the fact that he knows that the odds of him winning the case are extremely slim because he is trying to defend a black man against a white woman. Atticus continues to remain optimistic although, he hopes that the jury will change and look past the racial difference. Atticus sees how the town of Maycomb has changed due to the great depression saying “Cunninghams are country folks, farmers, and the crash hit them the hardest”. (Lee 33) Having a character such as Mr. Finch is important to the plot, someone who can see the town of Maycomb for how it truly is. When Boo Radley saves Jem and Scout from Mr. Ewell it begins a new relationship between Atticus and another outcast, Boo Radley.
You don’t just see this type of judging in reality but in To Kill a MockingBird. For example when Tom is in court people assume that he is guilty because he is black, you also see judgment by rumor when Scout is told that Boo Radley eats animals at night. Readers see these types of judgement all throughout the novel, displayed in subplots. Often in society we judge before thinking about the topic however, Author Harper Lee uses subplots in her novel To Kill a Mockingbird to show how people empathize before judging others or creating opinions over topics so, society can learn how to empathize in their everyday lives before making their opinion on topics. In today’s world judgement is placed everywhere, including social media and even News stations.
To Install a Moral Atticus Finch is considered a strange person by Maycomb, his town, seeing as he is the single father of two while working as a lawyer, defending blacks in a racist society. Harper Lee’s To Kill A Mockingbird centers around the Finches as they try to keep Tom Robinson alive on fabricated charges while his children begin to learn just how gritty and dangerous life can be. Despite being pressured and attacked due to defending a lost cause, Atticus tries to help his children however he can, keeping them safe and showing them, in a good light, how to view the workings of the world. Overall, Atticus attempts to instill controversial but true morals and values into his children as they grow up. One belief that Atticus instills
The children are also able to make their own opinions about most of the situations that they see. In the novel To Kill a Mockingbird the setting of Maycomb County helps shape the kind of people Jem and Scout Finch will become by having the children see racism within the town firsthand, and by allowing them to see how Boo Radley was an outcast of the town. They also have their father, a good role model, to show them why judging someone can be wrong. The first way that Maycomb County helps to shape the people that
Black is culturally known as a dark and evil color, the choice of using black for the box is a perfect fit for the theme of the short story, foreshadowing the coming death of the citizen. No one in the village surely knows how the lottery started, but they kept on following through with it because it is what has always been done. Another representation of symbolism would be the stones that give an access to all the citizens in the village to throw stones at the selected winner of the lottery. As the narrator observes, "Although the villagers had forgotten the ritual and lost the original black box, they still remembered to use stones." (Jackson 114) in which stoning is ancient and one that costs a great deal of punishment.
An example of this is when Jurors Four and Ten talk about how kids from bad neighborhoods are very likely to become criminals (Rose 318). This is not always the case, however, and is just judgemental on the jurors’ parts. A second part of the play that shows this is when Juror Eleven talks about his former country and how he moved to America, and was happy to serve jury duty. Juror Eleven seemed like he was happy to be at jury duty so this could have influenced his decision. A third piece of the play that shows this would be when Juror Five took offense to what Jurors Ten and Four said because he grew up in a bad neighborhood (Rose 318).
They live an incredibly private lifestyle from beyond the hedges that surround their estate: the only things we know about Amy are through the mouth of Johnny Bear and the community’s opinions. Miss Amy gained her status through reputation, not actions: “‘[…] they believe in things we hope are true. And they live as though—well, as though honesty really is the best policy and charity really is its own reward. We need them’” (Johnny Bear, 116). The expectations the Loma community holds the Hawkinses up to, being kind and pure continually, is unrealistic to expect of any human being.