What are causes of health disparities? Causes of health disparities could be attributed to socioeconomic status and education. A link between those who live in poorer communities and poor health outcomes are often related. Members of these communities are exposed to many health problems causing them to have poor health. Members of these communities also lack education about overall health which could be a reason why health disparities are more prominent in these areas.
It being a long-term challenge among certain groups due to the disparities in health care in the united states. whereby, this groups experiences poor health come because they are ignored and likewise, receives less, lower quality health care than others in the country. What is disparities: it is a lack of equality and similarity, in a way that is not fair. Retrieved on 10/21/17 from: http://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/disparity
(U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2001, p.4). The report also stated that “disparities also stem from minorities’ historical and present struggles with racism and discrimination, which affect their mental health and contribute to their lower economic, social, and political status (The Counselling Psychologist, Vol. 35 No. 1, January 2007). There are certain things that some people cannot do, simply because their personal characteristic that is associated with their race prevents them from being able to do them.
Disability is defined by World Health Organisation as “an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations”. Disability remains a major challenge throughout the world with disabled people facing hostile socioeconomic outcomes than people without disabilities, such as less education, worse health outcomes, less employment, and higher poverty rates (1). Physical disability is defined as: “an acquired or congenital physical and/or motor impairment
Inspired by Langston Hughes’ poem, “Harlem” and her own experience, Lorraine Hansberry authored A Raisin in the Sun. Hansberry used the locale of South Side, Chicago where she was born during a time of social and political turmoil as the backdrop to her play. Through the lens of Marxist’s critical theory about contradictions building into social systems that lead to social revolution, Hansberry depicts issues related to racism and discrimination. Hansberry’s father was a successful real estate agent, but despite her family’s wealth, the law of Chicago required the Hansberry family to live in the ghetto South Side. Similar to the plot of the play, Hansberry’s father bought a home in a Caucasian neighborhood and after the family settled into their new home, a brick was thrown through the window almost hitting Hansberry (Plays and Playwrights, 1540).
This has a detrimental effect on a young person’s start in life as they may have to support their family or live on their own, inevitably leading to relative poverty. Women and young adults are put into vertical segregation immediately in their working life, whereas, horizontal segregation has seen changes in gender roles in the last decade(REF). In addition to this, mental health issues are more likely to occur due to these restrictions, as a poor working environment can trigger a depressive illness(REF). The thought of being made redundant or being in a low paid job, creates financial difficulties and stress. Leading onto suicide rates, for males in the UK statistics revealed an average of 6 thousand per year committed suicide, with the age being between 25 to 34, highlighting mental health issues in today’s society(REF).
The factors that influence disease management are many. Health literacy, access to care, and lifestyle choices are important components to explore when disease management is not optimal. Health literacy: Without regard to one 's ability to learn and grow, many people have preconceived concepts of what is needed for disease management, because of past experiences either with themselves, or with a loved one. Such thinking patterns, create resistance to the value of current research-based care designs, and inhibits the progression of disease management. With regard to one 's ability to learn and grow, a patient with subpar cognitive abilities does not possess the skills needed to successfully manage a disease without extensive assistance.
The most well-known and important theories of class are those developed by Karl Marx and Max Weber. Marx and Weber contributed to sociology in many different ways. A significant element is their diverse approach to social class. Marx put great importance on class, which he observed as an impartially given trait of the economic structure of society. He sees the primary split between the owners of capital and the workers who did not own capital.
It is well acknowledged today that many low-income countries will have considerable difficulties w.r.t healthcare services. The lack of adequate financial investment, the fragmentation of the delivery of health services, and reduced quality are considered key hindrances to the successful employment of health programs. For this reason, the core focus should be on aiding national and regional decision-makers and managers choose effective planned interventions. 2. Dimensions of Quality Any health organization should pursue to make developments in six areas or dimensions of quality.
This unfortunate situation often occurs when caregivers are frustrated. Caring for infants can be extremely stressful. It is natural to feel frustrated. Ask your healthcare provider to refer you to someone who can teach you better ways to cope stress. There are many genetic causes of intellectual disability.
They can feel social withdrawal towards society, anxiety about what the next day brings, depression that changes your outlook, anger towards the patient and how they aren 't doing what they were able to do at one point of time, denial and thinking that it will get better, exhaustion about daily tasks, lack of concentration that makes performing familiar tasks difficult, and health problems that can affect your mental and physical health (alz.org). To the right is a picture showing the ages of people affected by Alzheimer 's. Based on this graph, the most affected age is
The leading disease we see now is heart disease. The lower SES have poor dietary and exercise habits. These habits lead into smoking and higher levels of stress. The higher SES have more education and can make better choices to prevent these habits from beginning and essentially preventing the heart disease. In conclusion, two completely different methods of death but they still targeted the same
As dementia is a neurodegenerative disease, individuals diagnosed with dementia face frustration and difficulty functioning in their day to day lives. Family caregivers face similar frustration in assisting their loved one in everyday tasks. Informal care giving is a demanding responsibility and experience on family members. Psychological demands, physical demands, time demands, emotional demands are necessary to meet the needs of their loved one with dementia, therefore experiencing burn out and related emotions is quite common. Furthermore, family caregivers who may experience depressive symptoms can be less capable in managing the behavioural symptoms of dementia (Takai, Takahashi, Iwamitsu, Oishi, & Miyaoka 2011).
The greater proportion of people in America with a lower socio-economic status may attribute to the larger prevalence rate of type 2 diabetes. The education system in America has put limited funding in their physical education program leading to a decrease in enrolment numbers as well as providing inadequate standards of nutrition and health. Comparatively Sweden has made physical education a compulsory subject placing an active focus on developing healthier attitudes in students, this promotes healthy living post-graduation and lowers prevalence to type 2
Education- Because most of the service users are not educated, they’ll find it difficult to access information for their own use due to the lack of education and knowledge. If they had the right education they could have access the basic information needed to help them. This may be a factor of self-harm and abuse because education and knowledge is a powerful tool that gives people confidence and empowers them to know their rights to good treatment. Poverty is also a social exclusion factor because most service users do not have the right finances to afford good healthcare services for themselves or gain employment. The small amount of money they have like Mrs.P is being used by her son for