Lynching was a serious problem in the early 1900’s and blacks made many efforts in order to secure an anti-lynching law. Shortly after, The Great Depression led African Americans out of work, and the jobs formally known as “negro” jobs became “white” jobs because they were the only jobs available. “By the 1932 election, the national unemployment rate was about 24 percent, and the black unemployment rate was around 50 percent” (Brooker). As well as not being able to find work, blacks received lower welfare payments and starvation was a constant
In the early 20th century, the black people were facing social rights issues most of the time, treated unfairly, and being separated from the whites. For instances, they did not get the rights to vote and get proper education. Such acts reflect that the blacks were still much being discriminated by the whites. With the dawn of 20th century, researchers could not find much evidences about the racial discrimination due to the illiteracy rate of the black people.
Approximately 12 million Africans were traded across the Atlantic, however, the number of slaves originally bought was much higher. The passage from Africa to North America had a very high mortality rate. () If Africans reached their destinations alive, they were used to fulfil a labor shortage in the new American colonies. Because many crops could not be grown in Europe, agriculture was a necessary industry in the colonies, and this required more labor than the colonists could supply. Unsurprisingly, forcibly removing someone from their homes and enslaving them to work on another continent, if they did not die on the dangerous trip there, does not foster peaceful relationships.
The year 1919 was the most horrific year in American history in terms of racial violence. David F. Krugler clearly describes the horrendous events that occurred during this year in his book 1919, The Year of Racial Violence: How African Americans Fought Back. According to the book, "Between late 1918 and 1919, the United States recorded ten major race riots, dozens of minor, racially charged clashes, and almost 100 lynchings as white Americans tried to enforce the continued subjugation of black Americans in the postwar era" (Krugler 3). Extremely violent mob attacks and the lynching of African Americans were very common occurrences throughout the entire country with some states having more acts of violence than others. I thought Krugler's book was an incredibly informative read because it gave honest, raw details of anti-black acts of violence and was focused on various African Americans' perspectives during this critical time.
The growing population in North led to difficult problems, the number of death and injury led by the blacks were increasing in a fast speed. During these years KKK also grew rapidly. It went tougher in the 1930s, since the Great Depression happened, many people lost their jobs. But then president Franklin gave the black Americans hope, since he made the New Deal Program, that benefits the blacks (though he didn’t end the Jim Crows law, because he still want the support from the southern).
According to statistics from the Bureau of Census, the slave population drastically increased, in“ 1836: 5000 1850: 58,161 1860: 182,566” (Document A). After depending so much on slavery for labor, it would be extremely hard for Texas to be able to quit using it and still be able to balance their economy. States’ Rights was also a big part of Texas seceding.
This matter is rather forced on Mama as all other housing options were two times more expensive because of the segregationist ideas withheld in Chicago then, “[d]iscriminations trapped Blacks in ghettoes and provided no opportunity for them to escape from them. And whenever one tried to run to a white neighborhood, they were attacked by whites and even law” (Nowrouzi, Faghfori and Zohdi 4). “The literal home that Mama Younger purchases in Clybourne Park mirrors her family’s various psycho-social struggles to attain, secure, and define a sense of place, or “home,” in the face of systemic socio-economic racism in Southside Chicago” (Matthews 3). Mama, blinded like the others in pursuit of her dream, ignores the implications of such a move, but their collective decision to move in anyways in the end shows them to be agitators, making a spectacle in order to make a point to potentially make their lives and other African-American lives
Over 75% of all Montgomery bus riders were African American, but unfortunately they were treated poorly on the buses. One day, they came together, and the people formed a massive boycott that caught the attention of everyone around the country. The Montgomery Bus Boycott was a catalyst to the integration of African Americans and whites, and the boycott brought national attention to the struggles in the South. On December 5, 1955, a few days after the arrest of Rosa Parks, Martin Luther King Jr. lead and began the boycott that would change the world.
The country and the economy have collapsed as soon as Slavery was abolished in 1865. Many people have lost their lives during this history period and different events arouse. The country on the other hand has successfully reconstructed over the years even though it faced a tremendous situation due to the immeasurable debt and the violent war, riots and rebellions. Unfortunately, the Ku Klux Klan and the new types of discrimination have negatively impacted the country since many have been killed and tortured. Similarly, the migration patterns have led to the creation of a new race, the Afro Americans who in the end have aroused to power and still nowadays are fighting for their
Harlem was meant to be a fancy neighborhood but “rapid overdevelopment led to empty buildings and desperate landlords seeking to fill them” causing African Americans to ocupate those Vacant homes(History.com Staff,). At first we know white people tried to keep African Americans distance far from their homes but as more and more African American people came the white people fled the harlem area. This resulted in the flooding of African American people coming from all over the place .The Great Migration; the movement of African Americans from the countryside South U.S. to the Big cities up North of the U.S. . The lack of economic and racial opportunity in the south drove African Americans out and into the North where there were more freedom and industrial jobs (History.com Staff,).
Agustin Banuelos Hist 313 Prof. Diana Reed December 6, 2015 Word Count: African-Americans in the South (1910’s - 1920’s) America in the 1920’s was not as friendly and diverse as it is today. Many ethnic groups were discriminated against and hated by the general populace. A group that is a great example of just how much America has changed in its short span of two-hundred-and-thirty-nine years.
In 1920, Lynching was very common. In order to understand why this was such a big problem, we need to look at the numbers of people who were lynched. From 1882 to 1962, almost 5,000 lynchings took place in the United States alone with about 70% of people who were lynched being black. Lynching started becoming a heavily used punishment among the African-American community in the 19th century. After the Civil War ended, there were financial issues in the country, all of which were blamed on the blacks that had recently been freed from slavery.
There was always a need for more slaves due to all of the work that the Europeans had. “Therefore, natural increase amount slaves were not enough even to maintain, let alone increase, the slave population and to keep up with the increasing demand for labor” (Forced Crossings). As a result, the slave trade reshaped the Africans way of life to a substandard level as they were forced into taxing work that ultimately changed their way of living, humanity and acceptance into
The Impact it had on the rioters was that the national guard and police arrested 600 people during the riot. “When President Jim Carey came into town when he was on the middle of the speech the rioters were about to start a riot and harm the president”(Donnie). These events made the Blacks realize we are hurting our comment and need to stop. All of those events lead up to the city realizing what damage they did to the community. During the time when Arthur McDuffie was beat to his death by Dade county police officers, an event of riots broke out in Dade county, these deadly events created very bad damage to the black community and caused more racial conflict in the community.