An African American–centered, Black feminist perspective clarifies why the African American experience may run counter to the theoretical principles of self-esteem. The principle of reflected judgments assumes that Blacks’ relevant others are Whites. Under this principle, Blacks would not only have to be aware of the negative attitudes that whites have for them, but they would have to accept them, consider them significant, and believe them to be personally relevant. Whites do not contribute significantly to the formation of Black self-esteem. Self-esteem is developed in immediate interpersonal environments.
The veil can be compared to “rose-colored glasses” that provide optimism for black people who choose not to see their oppression. Yet at the same time, it harms them by encouraging black people to ignore the circumstances in which they live. Double consciousness is the belief that the African American in the United States lives with two conflicting identities that cannot be entirely merged together. The first conflicting identity is the black identity and it is the most important to the black experience. This is something that every black person has and no other race can identify with.
Firstly, segregation of the Blacks and Whites. This is the result of stereotyping. Stereotyping is the linkage of a certain image or idea to people of certain groups, usually based on inadequate information. Since media is unable to show the public everything, decisions made by the media when showing a person or groups can reinforce stereotyping (Baran 438). For instance, it can portray the Whites more positively than the Blacks.
Skin color, was the most prominent distinguishing feature between them. Equality among the varying races was not a concept Thomas Jefferson encouraged. He ranked the races from best to worst. Whites were on top while indians followed next in the racial hierarchy because their skin tone mixed white and red. Blacks were at the bottom because their skin was purely black.
By explicitly stating that their is no room for black people to reform from their bad inclination, shows Douglass’s judgment that white people play a major role in the conviction of many black people. African Americans aren't innately bad. It takes the nurture of their surroundings to affect them and their decisions. Their color defined them, more than the actions they committed. Even in religious affiliations were they excluded, since being of black blood made them “unworthy of consideration, a social outcast, and a leper.” Douglass uses three characteristic traits to define how whites perceived black people.
The Supreme Court said that the 14th Amendment’s purpose was “to enforce the absolute equality of the two races before the law…Laws…requiring their separation…do not necessarily imply the inferiority of either race.” Furthermore, the Supreme Court stated that “assumption that the enforced separation of the two races stamps the coloured race with a badge of inferiority. If this be so, it is… solely because the coloured race chooses to put that construction upon it.” Injustices like these towards America’s black citizens were very common at the time, though not all of them reached the Supreme Court. This case allowed for legal “separate but equal” facilities, which seem to be two entirely juxtaposed concepts. It was not until the ‘Brown versus Board’ case, in 1954, more than half a century later, that this provision was reversed. It was Oliver Brown who addressed the inequality of segregation, especially concerning the “equal” treatment of black schools, as they were clearly being neglected by most states.
This can significantly limit a person’s potential who is facing ‘White Supremacy’. This topic is prominent within the public threw institutional racism in social media and the news. Also racialization is significant today as black people receive unequal treatment due to their different characteristics. Even though the Black Lives Matter movement is extremely important and helps in adapting society’s views on racism and how it is wrong, there is still much of it found today. Black people are a “racialized group that are singled out for unequal treatment on the basis of real or imagined physical characteristics” (Naiman.240) proven by the Black Lives Matter campaign.
They look a lot more like the whites.” It seemed to me that rather than given the African-American community pride, such was the goal of black independent filmmakers, these black films seemed to further perpetually an untrue stereotype. That once again, black people, specifically darker skinned people, still somehow inferior to those who are is lighter skin not. Its not different at all from the movies that were created during this time, having white actors play black people pretending to be white people. In this since I completely agree with Peebles that black independent filmmakers didn’t create thing that were all that different from what was already out there; because the community was so desperate for some type of positive representation that they subconsciously over looked deeper ingrained prejudices
Doyle(2001) hypothesized that White Americans are more willing to guess when identifying someone Black than someone of their own race. There are however two potential problems with this hypothesis: one, liberal responses can occur for reasons other than the change in the race the suspect and two, this same effect is seen when a Black person identifies a White person as opposed to someone of their race. Goldstein and Chance (1979) challenges the commonly held assumption that physiognomic variation between races is what makes cross-racial identification difficult by suggesting that there are no physiognomic variation between races. Sporer (2001a) stated that when a person encounters the face of a person from a different race, they categorize the face based on in-group and out-group membership. The categorization step does not happen when identifying someone of the same race.
For all I know, I probably have another race in my ancestry that I might not know of which would make me more than just an African American. Race is a touchy subject to talk about because it can make or break a person in how they are seen or treated in society. When one puts up a certain label upon a race, it’s hard to take that away. When thinking about race, it is also natural to get ethnicity mixed up as well