These people ranged from his own army officers to the countries peasants. Stalin knew that mixed in with his followers were people who could turn against him at any time. To pick those people out, he set up fake organizations that were told to help topple the government. In over a thirty year time period, Stalin killed about ten million people. In 1936 Joseph Stalin produced a new constitution for the Soviet Union.
Furthermore, they wanted to start revolution against decisions made by their tragic excuse of a czar, Nicholas II. These transactions proposed as the idea of a revolution gained followers and grew greatly in hopes to create change. These transactions were right because they opposed what the people needed, which was equal treatment and protection for not only people of higher authority, but yet for everyone. Once Lenin gained control of Russia as new czar, great changes were created. As proposed, Lenin followed through with his wanted changes and made them present in Russian society.
Tension existed between the Soviet Union and the West as far back as 1885 during the Panjdeh incident. At this time the competition between Britain and Russia in Afghanistan was great and war appeared imminent. Furthermore, after the First World War, the Allies immediately supported the anti-Bolshevik White movement during the Russian Civil War, laying the groundwork for high tensions between the Soviet Union and the West for the next one hundred years. When Joseph Stalin came into power, he enormously elevated these tensions through his take over of Eastern Europe, which the West saw as an attempt to spread Communism. Indeed, by 1949 all Eastern European governments, except that of Yugoslavia, were run by hard-line Stalinist regimes, causing a great amount of fear in the Capitalist world as they saw Communism as threatening every aspect of their society.
"Discontent with World War I also helped bring about the Russian Revolution of 1917. In this revolution, the Russian Empire was toppled and replaced by a socialist government led by Vladimir Lenin. In northeastern Europe, new states emerged that had formerly been a part of the Russian Empire. Among them were Estonia, Finland, Latvia, and Lithuania. […] After World War I, the Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman, and Russian Empires fractured into numerous independent nations" (Sullivan).
His plan involved full government control over all businesses and resources to make sure there would be fair and equal distribution. Anyone who had opposed the reformation in place was either exiled, imprisoned or executed. Forcing collectivization eventually caused a crisis of widespread famine that was responsible for the death of millions. Cities were renamed to show off his glory, history books were changed to incorporate false or exaggerated claims of Stalin’s rise to power and life to make him seem more masterful to the youth of the nation. He was the focal point of most artwork, as well as literature, music, eventually he was incorporated into the Soviet national anthem.
Almost immediately the Soviet government had to respond to signs of rebellion as in the spring of 1953 when Beria, with Malenkov’s support, “attempted to get the policy of building socialism in East Germany reexamined which lead to the June 1953 uprising in East Berlin and not only displayed the inability of the East German leaders to solve their internal problems with dispatch but also revealed the miscalculation of Soviet leadership.” (Zubkova, 2000) As Khrushchev took power three years later many in the Soviet Union were shocked when he began to de-Stalinize the country and unintentionally “caused an veritable revolution in people’s attitudes throughout the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.”(Hosking, 1993) Many countries began to act out, including riots in Poland and the Hungarian Revolution that was suppressed in 1956, due to their resentfulness of the Soviet Union’s interference in their countries and what they perceived as a moment of weakness in Soviet leadership after the Secret Speech. Taubman argues that while there were many reforms the Soviet Union Khrushchev’s response to these uprisings demonstrated that the “formula for holding together the Soviet bloc was to tolerate a modicum of diversity and domestic autonomy, to emphasize
Until the time that the United Nations was formed, various groups committed acts of genocide unchecked, resulting in millions of deaths, and the eventual formation of the UN. One of the earliest genocides within the 20th century was the Red Terror, committed by the Bolsheviks in 1918. The perpetrators believed that they were cleansing the world socially and creating a utopian society, free of the bourgeoisie (Novikova). The Red Guard was formed at the same time, and they committed these actions to fulfill their ideologically driven goals. Moreover, the Red Guard had little to no mercy, incredibly relentless in their killing, and created labor camps where hundreds of thousands of innocent middle class citizens died (Novikova).
It was a revolution focused around Petrograd, now called Saint Petersburg. During that time, chaos started when demonstrators hassled onto the streets protesting for a break yelling “Down with the autocracy!" Supported by industrial workers, they charged against the police attacking everything and everyone against them. Within the next two days, the strike spread along other streets and the violence increased, destroying other police stations. This caused the soldiers of Petrograd to open fire on demonstrators killing many men.
At that, Stalin never thought about people. He used them only as a defense in the face of external attack and subsequent Nazi invasion. By destroying peasants as self-sufficient and capital-oriented class, Stalin managed to enslave millions of people by means of mass propaganda and terror. For the sake of FYPs and industrialization, Stalin’s regime forces the output regardless of quality and workforce suffering, starving and dying in inhuman conditions. He deployed red terror to spread horror in people’s minds and therefore manipulate millions of
Karl Liebknecht once said, “The Russian revolution was to an unprecedented degree the cause of the proletariat of the whole world becoming more revolutionary.” The revolution was a result of tension and disaffection for the Russian people. The Russian revolution was accountable with how Russia withdrew WW1 because of the destruction it brought forth to the Russian economy. The Russian revolution was caused by hard labor, unprepared leaders, and how Russia was industrially behind. Russia had a huge population of civilians that contributed to hard labor that ultimately escalated to a revolution. In document 7, it shows Russian female peasants at work in the late 1800s.