Parliament responded in 1774 with the Coercive Acts, or Intolerable Acts, which, among other provisions, ended local self-government in Massachusetts and closed Boston's commerce. Colonists up and down the Thirteen Colonies in turn responded to the Coercive Acts with additional acts of protest, and by convening the First Continental Congress, which petitioned the British monarch for repeal of the acts and coordinated colonial resistance to them. The crisis escalated, and the American Revolutionary War began near Boston in 1775. The Boston Tea Party was one of the first acts of defiance by the American colonists and is a defining event in history. The and impact of the Boston Tea Party was ultimately leading to the start of the American Revolution.
Oddly enough, this resulted in a period of calm. The Boston Tea Party disrupted this period of calm. In December 1773, a group of patriots took over three ships and dumped 342 chests of tea into the harbor. The harsh Tea Act imposed by the British caused this action. Two years later, the British began their march to Lexington and Concord to arrest patriot leaders and seize their weapons.
This was meant to ensure that the governors and judges would comply with Britain. The Boston Massacre happened when a British soldier shot and killed five colonists causing outrage among them. The Boston Tea Party was when the colonists decided to dump
1. Boston Massacre a. The Boston Massacre took place on March 5, 1770 in Boston. The Boston Massacre became a historical event because it was the start of a revolution. It all began when the British soldiers came into Boston and fired shots at the colonists for making a crowd and going against the soldiers.
On December 16th, 1773 sixty men dressed as Native Americans dumped an entire shipment on tea into the Boston Harbor in protest of the laws and taxes imposed on the colonies. As a result Parliament implicated the Intolerable Acts, which stripped Massachusetts of self-rule and legal independence (timeline). In 1774 colonials met in Philadelphia at the First Continental Congress in order to protest the intolerable Acts and petition for a friendly relationship to return between the colonies and Britain (sparknotes). Meanwhile the battles of Lexington and Concord were the first actions of war during the Revolution. The Minutemen battled the British army in response to Paul Revere’s warning one
Causes and Effects of the Boston Tea Party On December 16 1773, the Sons of Liberty led by Samuel Adams, conducted a union of Patriots to the Boston Harbor. King George had recently confirmed the Tea Act, which forced colonists to pay for unreasonably taxed tea. Furthermore, they plotted to boycott tea because of it. This boycott began the Boston Tea Party, causing many other crises after, leading to the Revolutionary War. By diminishing the tax on imported British tea, this act gave British merchants a biased advantage in selling their tea in America.
The Stamp Act of 1765 On March 22, 1765, Great Britain 's Parliament gathered and passed the Stamp Act of 1765 which was to take effect in the thirteen colonies on November 1, 1765. The Stamp Act taxed Americans directly on all materials that were used for legal purposes or commercial use and a stamp distributor would collect the tax and in exchange, a stamp was given. The colonists had no representation in Parliament and once they heard of the act, started protesting to repeal it. After months of colonists vehemently protesting and Great Britain 's economy slowing from non-importation policies in America, they finally repealed the act on March 18, 1766, making the colonists happy, but also passing the Declaratory act on the same day, as a compromise, which stated they had the same rights to lay taxes on America as it did in Great Britain. This was supposed to ease the tax restraints, but in the end, it created more taxes and conflict.
These laws were called the Intolerable Acts by the colonists. These laws were considered extreme by the colonists as they closed Boston Harbor, made it so all law cases pertaining to British officials had to be held in Britain, banned town meetings, and made Massachusetts colonists house and feed the British regulars. The colonists thought this was an unreasonable reaction, but in all reality Britain really should have done this
The Boston massacre, the Boston tea party, the Sons of Liberty and the Coercive act are all events that lead to the American Revolution. As is later discussed in this essay, the government was interfering in the daily life of the colonies, and Boston was the center of the revolution. The ‘Sons of Liberty’ were rebels who would attack tax collectors, as well as boycotting British
The Boston Massacre occurred on March,5,1770 in King Street. It began with friction between two groups: the patriots and the British. A large collection of people threw sticks and snowball at a group of British soldiers. Captain Thomas Preston called in more soldiers to help control the riot. Those extra soldier were hit too.
The Boston Massacre occurred in 1780, six colonists were shot and killed by British Soldiers. Adams successfully defended these soldiers in court, although it was the unpopular view of the colonists. In 1774 Adams was chosen as a delegate to attend the First Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia. During this meeting Adams played a leading role in convincing the congress to strive to declare independence. After this first meeting of congress Adams was elected once again to participate in the Second Continental Congress in 1775.
The prime minister was furious about the Boston Tea Party and punished Boston by passing the Intolerable Acts. These laws closed Boston Harbor until Boston paid for ruined tea, Massachusetts charter was canceled, had a trial with a friendly jury, and General Thomas Gage became the new governor of Massachusetts. British hoped these laws could bring back order instead, it increased people 's
The landing of British troops in the colonies brought America closer to its revolution. In 1768, the British Navy landed 4000 soldiers in the Boston harbor in an attempt to maintain order and end smuggling operations. The soldiers, needing housing were quartered in the houses of the New England colonists according to the Mutiny Act. The colonists, who disliked with the anti-smuggling operations of the British, sunk the HMS Gaspee in an event known as the “Gaspee Affair.” Through the “Gaspee Affair,” the colonists showed their resentment towards the British soldiers and brought the revolution
Last night on February 4, 1787, General Benjamin Lincoln attacked members of the Shays’ Rebellion, and successfully captured 150 of the rebels. As a result, Daniel Shays left Massachusetts and fled to Vermont. Shays Rebellion was an armed rebellion consisting of 1,200 angry farmers from Massachusetts. They caused major chaos in this state. On December 26, 1786 Daniel Shays and the rebels revolted in Springfield, Massachusetts insisting that the state legislature address their issues, such as lack of money.
Britain responded in the Spring of 1774 with five “Coercive Acts” (“Intolerable Acts” in the colonies). The Boston Port Act closed the port to all shipping. The Massachusetts Government Act concentrated power in the royal governor. The Administration of Justice Act allowed British soldiers and officials to be tried in Britain or another colony. The Quartering Act directed the local Boston authorities to find quarters for British troops in the city.