The Unites States bombing campaign was one of the reasons the North Vietnamese troops were pushed further into Cambodia. As much as Cambodia wanted to remain neutral in the Vietnam War, they could not avoid it. When the United States and North Vietnamese came to a cease fire and formed a peace treaty the U.S pulled out their troops, but they left with an ongoing war between the Cambodian citizens and their government. The disputes with the government led to the rise of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge were brutal and harsh killed millions in efforts to reconstruct Cambodia.
These were ‘Killing Squads’. They were made up of people who were murders and ex-convicts of some sort, and they would, throw people off of cliffs, burned them alive, or drowned them in rivers.” Some would even resort to kidnapping children. One of the New York Times articles, Armenian Genocide of 1915: An Overview, states “the Turks rejected the conclusions as what we say was a Genocide,” the Turks stated, “that there were no deaths, and no attempts to destroy
The Cambodian genocide occurred between 1975 and 1979. The mass murder was committed by Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge against the Cambodian people. There were several reasons for this genocide, including Pol Pot's desire to make Cambodia an agrarian society, to indoctrinate the people of Cambodia into the Marxist Ideology and to ensure the security of his government against political and military attacks The ideology of communism was rising rapidly in the 1900s and was one of the major causes for the Cambodian genocide. Pol Pot was inspired particularly by Marxist Communist ideals. He saw the communist ideals as a way to allow for social and political change to happen in Cambodia.
The Assyrians showed little sympathy to the conquered and promoted terror throughout the empire (“Rise of Empires Assyria and Persia” slide 18). The Assyrians controlled conquered states through strategies of enforced migration and taxation. They believed that the best way to prevent any future uprising was to remove the former occupants of the land and replace them with Assyrians (“Rise of Empires Assyria and Persia” slide 24). This led to a loss of individuality that steered opposition to lose will to fight against the Assyrians. The people that were deported were selectively chosen for their capabilities and sent to areas which could make the most of their abilities.
Assignment 1: The Rwandan Genocide In the recent discussion of genocides, a controversial issue has been whether the Rwandan genocide was local or nation participation of citizens that contributed to the genocide. On the one hand, some would argue that macro (nation) level was a significant factor in the Rwandan genocide against Tutsis. From this perspective, the humanitarian community felt it was the government 's exclusionary ideology which, led to the mass killings of one million Tutsis residents. On the other hand, however, others argue that a micro level used by the (local) Hutu communities organized and played a vital role in these mass extermination of their fellow citizens.
During World War 2, the most evident traits of totalitarianism were the Nazi’s military terror that led to the Warsaw ghetto, Hitler’s persecution of the Jews that resulted in death camps like Auschwitz, and Stalin’s control of individuals that caused famine across millions. Hitler and the Nazis used military terror in World War 2 to force Jews into the Warsaw Ghetto, which resulted in starvation and death. Military terror was a tactic used by rulers to gain obedience through violence. Many times leaders have a special police force to protect the government's interests and scare the people into abiding by their rules. In Germany, Hitler used military terror to enforce his leadership with the help from the Nazi party.
The SS played a big role in trying to remove every single Jew from Europe. Nazi Propaganda was a way to try to force people to think about a certain way and to spread the ideals of National Socialism. National Socialism included racism, antisemitism, and anti Bolshevism. When Hitler came into power, he aimed to ensure that the Nazi message was communicated successfully through art, music, theater, films, books, radio, educational materials, and the press. Euthanasia is the practice of ending life to relieve pain and suffering.
The constitution guaranteed Soviet citizens freedom from arbitrary arrest and the right of defense in a public trial before an independent judge "subject only to the law." These rights seemed to parallel those found in the U.S. Constitution (“The Stalin Purges”). But while everyone thought he was a good guy and trying to help them, on the inside he was planning the arrest of thousands of Communist party members and government officials. To try to maintain safe during all of the chaos, many people would blame the person right besides them for whatever they were blamed for, even though most people were innocent of any
The Serbs believed that the Bosnian Muslims were a disease infecting Bosnia, and they were taking it upon themselves to rid Bosnia of the Muslim culture, it is what they called “ethnic cleansing”. The Serbians used methods similar to Nazi Germany in order to gather groups of Bosnian Muslims to exterminate. The most gruesome mass killing happened in Srebrenica, Bosnia, and was appropriately named the Srebrenica Massacre. In the summer of 1995, Serbian forces began sweeping through the streets of Bosnia and Herzegovina in search of non-serbs, specifically Muslims. The ones that did not have the sense to escape Bosnia while they could were found and capture.
In the 1970s, the Maya began participating in protests against the repressive government, demanding greater equality and inclusion of the Mayan language and culture. In 1980, the Guatemalan army instituted “Operation Sophia,” which aimed at ending insurgent guerrilla warfare by destroying the civilian base in which they hid. This program specifically targeted the Mayan Indians population, who were believed to be supporting the guerrilla movement. 4 - What were the motivations for the Armenian genocide?
Elie Wiesel states that, “there is so much injustice and suffering crying out for our attention. (Night, page 190) ” Elie Wiesel questions why the world kept the evils of Nazi Germany silent, and how humanity let this happened. The witness in the Isis article mentions how people don’t make these genocides a bigger issue. This shows that despite the thousands of deaths caused by both groups, the world decides not to do much, and society needs to stand up and stop these genocides.
“The Khmer Rouge demanded,’Where’s the gun you bought last week?’ My uncle told him the truth, ‘I didn’t buy any gun.’ The Khmer Rouge raised his M-16 rifle and shot my uncle in the chest.