They also shut down factories, schools, universities, hospitals, and all other private institutions because the Khmer Rouge considered it western advances. The Khmer Rouge also killed different The Khmer Rouge killed approximately one and a half to three million Cambodians lost their lives at the hands of the Khmer Rouge. On July 25, 1983, the Research Committee on Pol Pot’s Genocidal Regime issued its final report, including detailed province-by-province data. The data showed that the number of deaths was 3,314,768. About 25 percent of the population died because of the Khmer Rouge idea of relocating the people to
Similarly, the Cambodians and Jews have both stood witness to the executions of one race. During the Cambodian Genocide, Pol Pot the leader, wiped out millions of educated Cambodians who were doctors, teachers, lawyers, bilingual, etc. His overall goal was to make the Kingdom of “Cambodia” a utopian society where everyone was equal and he reigned as king. In fact, the Khmer Rouge rounded up and separated family members to work in different villages in Cambodia. In addition, older men and young boys were sent to fight in the war. Women were distributed across Cambodia either working in kitchens, working fields, or hospitals while their infant children assisted them. Just like Pol Pot, in the Holocaust, Hitler’s goal was to make Germany a country where everyone had the same physical appearance, blue eyes and blonde hair. Unfortunately, Jews did not have that appearance. During the Cambodian Genocide and the Holocaust, the officers beat and prodded the victims that did not meet their expectations and were abruptly displaced from their homes. In comparison to the Cambodians, Germany’s dictator, Adolf Hitler, had one goal to execute all Jews, just like how Pol Pot had a goal to kill all educated Cambodians. Both the Cambodians in the Cambodian Genocide and the Jews in the novel Night were treated similarly because both victims were displaced out of their homes, overworked, mistreated, and starved.
Persecution against any identifiable group of collectivity on political, radical, national, ethnic, cultural, religion, gender as defined in paragraph 3, or other groups that are university recognized as impermissible under international law, in connection with any act referred to in this paragraph or any crime within the jurisdiction of the Court, i. Enforced disappearance of persons, j. The crime of apartheid, k. Other inhumane acts of a similar character intentionally causing great suffering or serious injury to body or to mental or physical health.” (cite ur sources). Now, it’s widely known that one of the key factors in any genocide is the ideation and hope that you will successfully erase an ethnic group. And while this was the exact intent of Pol Pot and his Khmer Rouge Soldiers, after time passed, many innocent men, women, and children were enforced into becoming a Khmer Rouge soldier. A majority of the people were only trying to survive, and in turn had to sometimes kill. When analyzing characters from Patricia McCormick’s book, we can see that Arn and Sombo both were simply doing what they needed to to survive. Arn spent his entire life making sure he could survive, he didn’t know
For those who are unsure, oppression is the mistreatment of a group for an extended interval of time. Since there are heaping amounts of oppression in both genocides, this topic will be broken up into two subtopics; the brutality and dictatorship in the prisons, and how oppression happened in other ways both preceding and during the genocides. As many know, the oppression in the prisons for the mass extinctions mentioned earlier were unbearable. In fact, according to Wiesel, the mistreatment in the prisons were so bad that having frozen bodies and holding rocks so cold that their hands could have gotten stuck was just the norm (Wiesel 78). In other words, conditions in the camps for the Jews were so bad that something like being so cold that hands got stuck on rocks was normal to them, when it seems to society that that would be one of the worst pains imaginable. In Cambodia, many prisoners were tortured through cruel and unusual ways. These tortures were so excruciating that many people confessed to things they didn’t do to make it stop. The soldiers of these camps placed the prisoners in small, lonely jail cells, tied up and unable to move. Since they couldn’t move they were unable to get to a toilet or any of the other hygiene amenities. Not only that, but the food there was little and barely edible (Pierpaoli). Oppression out of the
Genocide means any act committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethical, racial or religious group. The word was created by Raphael Lemkin who dedicated his life to make genocide recognized as a crime. There are multiple ways to commit genocide including killing members of the group and deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in a whole or in whole or in part. Genocide, whether committed in time of peace or in time of war, is a crime under international law. There are essentially 8 stages of genocide, classification, symbolization, dehumanization, organization, polarization, preparation, extermination, and denial. In the following paragraphs
Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction of an ethnic, racial, religious or national group that has brought many losses for human population through the whole history of the world. First cases of genocide had such reasons as territorial, competing and religious arguments. For instance, one of the first genocides is thought to be the Roman destruction of Carthage in 146 BCE that occurred due to religious reason and the competitiveness of these two superpowers.
The Khmer Rouge has taken over Cambodia. This is much like what is happening in the Soviet Union. It may look different but the mass murdering and cruelty has lead both countries into a state which is not looked at kindly. Each country was in the same situation from the standpoint of the citizens. Rights were taken away, torture and cruel deaths occurred, and the death of many was looked at by the powerful as a worthy cause to the country as a whole. These are some of the key similarities of the two countries in their states of distress. But, the biggest point of similarity between the two would be the leaders and how they view the country they are leading. Both Cambodia and the Soviet Union are run by murderous people/groups which have a particular trait in common. They both have vision. Vision for a better country, but neither know how to create better country’s through the growth of their country, both believe that unity and equality is vital among the average person. This creates strife and tension from leader to citizen, unfortunately the result is death to the weaker. We see this outcome in both countries. Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge was responsible
In 1944, a Polish-Jewish lawyer came up with the word, “genocide.” However, even seventy-five years later, many people still debate what factors go into making a genocide. Of course, there is mass murder, mistreatment of large groups of people, and difficult life conditions. Take the Cambodian Genocide, for example. People were tortured and killed so much during this genocide that at one of the death camps, “as few as 12 managed to survive” (Pierpaoli). People were robbed, killed, forced to evacuate their homes, and mistreated in many other ways during the Cambodian Genocide. These people had to live in terrible conditions. The same thing goes for what the reader sees of the Holocaust in Elie Wiesel’s Night. Throughout the book, the reader follows the author as he witnesses huge amounts of mass murder, watches as other people are brutally abused, as he, too, is being horribly mistreated, all while he is being forced to live in horrible living conditions. However, there are other factors that go into what make a genocide, well, a genocide. That is the alienation of a specific group of people and the oppression and dehumanization of that same group. These people were greatly impacted by their alienation, facing a lot of oppression, and being dehumanized in both the Cambodian Genocide and the Holocaust in Elie Wiesel 's Night.
The Cambodian genocide took place from 1975 to 1979; it is estimated that some two million Cambodians were systematically murdered by the Khmer Rouge and its followers (Power 90). In Alexander Hinton’s article, “A Head for an Eye” he recounts in details the experience of Gen, a survivor of the Cambodian Genocide. After the Lon Nol government was overthrown by the Khmer Rouge, the Communists began their witch-hunt in an attempt to identify and kill anyone who was associated with the former regime, as well as the educated, the Vietnamese, the Muslim Cham, the Buddhist monks, and other “bourgeois elements” (Power 101). During the investigation, it was revealed that Gen’s father was a teacher–this fact alone was
Former civil servants, doctors, teachers and other professionals were stripped of their possessions and forced to toil in the fields as part of a re-education process (History.com). Pol Pot established many farm collectives and rice fields; workers “began to suffer from the effects of overwork and lack of food”(“Khmer Rouge”). Eventually every city in Cambodia had its own concentration camp; prisoners were in camps where most people died from starvation “damage to their bodies sustained during back-breaking work or abuse from the ruthless Khmer Rouge guards overseeing the camps” (history.com); the Khmer Rouge mainly targeted intellectuals and people who they thought would start a revolutionary movement. One famous camp was Tuol Sleng jail in Phnom Penh, where nearly 17,000 men, women, and children were imprisoned during the regime’s four years in
“We are in the presence of a crime without a name,” said British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. The Nazis were always remembered for the killing of over six million European Jews, but at the time, there was no name for this wicked act. After the war, many of these Nazi war criminals were convicted of an act called genocide, a word that did not exist before 1944. Genocide is the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial, or religious group. Genocide occurs because of many factors that trigger this cruelty. Although there are many reasons that can be considered to result in genocide, the three main reasons that result to this mass slaughter, are caused by: the authority that leads them, the ethnic tension between
The Holocaust and the Cambodian genocide are acutely similar in many ways. The Holocaust took place under Adolf Hitler, which was the country’s sole leader. On January 30, of 1933, Adolf Hitler was named the leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (An Introductory History). At the same time, the Cambodian genocide, who also had a sole leader, was named Pol Pot. Pol Pot’s entire outline was to reconstruct the country, just as Adolf Hitler had (Cambodia 1975). To reconstruct Cambodia, Pol Pot had been influenced by Mao Zedong, who had turned China into a communist country (“Cambodia 1975”). During the Holocaust, a countless amount of deaths occurred. About 11 million people had been killed during the Holocaust and only about
The Cambodian Genocide occurred from 1975 to 1979. This genocide was executed by the Khmer Rouge which was lead by Pol Pot. According to the article “Pol Pot”, in 1953 a man named Saloth Sar entered a communist group under the fictitious name of Pol Pot and he took the role of a leader for this group in 1962. The Khmer Rouge’s goal was to completely erase the ways of Cambodia and create an agricultural based country. Anyone who didn’t agree with this would be killed. In order to gain power government officials were killed off and soldiers forced people to listen to them or they risked the chance of dying.
One time when two of friends were really angry at each other, I stepped in to try and solve the problem. In “Armed and Underaged” by Jeffrey Gettleman and “The Charge: Genocide” by Lydia Polgreen, both have severe problems in countries that other countries need to get involved to try solve. First, children are placed and war and adults think it’s fine. Second, the black African muslims are being attacked by arab africans muslims and they thinks it’s fine. However, other might that those countries should solve their problems on their own.
The genocides of Cambodia and the Holocaust were two major genocides that have changed the history of the world forever. The Cambodian genocide started when the Khmer Rouge attempted to nationalize and centralize the peasant farming society of Cambodia (Quinn 63). These ideas came from the Chinese Communist agricultural model. Cambodia had a population of just over 7 million people and almost all of them were buddhists. The genocide started from a harsh climate of political and social turmoil (Krkljes). The Cambodian genocide had taken the lives of many innocent people just as the Holocaust had taken the lives of Elie Wiesel’s loved ones in the book Night right