Currently, the France, that people know today, is the aftermath of the French Revolution. The government of France “is a unique hybrid of presidential and parliamentary systems that reflect rich political traditions and culture” (Guardian). In the current France, there is no absolute monarchy. There is no divine ruler like King Louis XVI. France is now a democratic country with the President as the leader along with his hers subsidiaries.
A goal of the French Revolution was that the third estate became eager to have an actual leader that would pay attention to their needs so they because the National Assembly and agreed on the tennis court oath. They also wanted to create a new government but king Louis XVI wouldn’t sign it off so the National Assembly got mad and they overthrew the bastille. The bastille was a jail where all the prisoners were being kept. The third estate created the Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen to express these goals. The goal of the American Revolution was to get away from the British government and be free.
Although Clement 's intention wasn 't to make Avignon the permanent papal residence, a string of French popes were elected and they continued in Avignon until 1377. This period is known as the Avignon papacy. What makes Defensor Pacis by Marsilius of Padua a significant part of the story of Western civilization? Marsilius of Padua, believed in the absolute autonomy of the state. His work, Defensor Pacis, highlighted this throughout stating that the emperor and the state had complete authority over all contending powers.
People elected other people that they trusted to go represent them in government. Ideas that were formed by the enlightenment philosophers were used in the new government. The French, however, did not make significant progress toward ending absolutism and instead were subject to another absolute ruler immediately after the revolution. After the French revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte became emperor. In this role, Bonaparte had absolute power over France.
From the monarchy being overthrown and the royal family’s execution to Maximilien Robespierre and Napoleon taking over. France went from being a country severely in debt to being one of the most powerful empires in Europe. But for every rise there must be a fall. A rebellion is an act of violence or open resistance to an established government or ruler. But what causes a rebellion and eventually revolution?
Post Thirty Years war left France looking for a new leadership style that would give plenty of stability. What France received was Louis XIV, who would reign under the new absolute monarchy government. During Louis’ reign, divine rights controlled rank in society. This left many confused on why they were picked to be at the bottom of society, and why the king was given his power. Jean Domat, a royally appointed juror by king Louis helped explain a better understanding of the new system of governance to the people of France in his writings.
Cardinal de Richelieu was recognized as the King’s First Minister. He went out to extend royal power and crush domestic industries. By limiting the power of the nobility, he transformed France into a central state. His goal in foreign policy was to check and stabilize the power of the Habsburg dynasty, and to ensure French dominance in the Thirty Years ' War that surrounded Europe with numerous conflicts. Although he was a cardinal, he still made alliances with Protestant rulers in attempting to achieve his goals, whether they were political, economic or foreign.
The French Revolution all began after people in France decided it was time to fight for their rights and freedom and escape the tyranny that took place and give the people more power. At the time King Louis XVI was the French king and had power from 1774 to 1792 and was later executed in 1793. In France, the people were divided into three separate social estates, clergy, nobility, and the commoner as the lowest and the highest above all of course would be the king. The Enlightenment was a movement by intellectuals who promoted reason and science, and they began to question the system in place at the time in France and they began to spread revolutionary ideas that got people thinking about change. The “French Revolution was influenced by Enlightenment ideals” and when the ideas began to spread people were newly educated about something they never thought about, and after
Napoleon Bonaparte emerged from the chaos that divided France and threw much of Europe into turmoil. This man would lead the nation as an emperor. He brought peace to France, but his desire to conquer new lands and his military genius entangled Europe in a long, bloody war that would be called the Napoleonic Wars. As the
The Commune was in control through the whole revolution. An important event at the beginning of the French Revolution was abolition of feudalism in August 1789 when the National Constituent Assembly adopted Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. The document guaranteed and protected individual rights and represented foundation for all political movements and set standards for all later governments. But those standards were disregarded and crushed during the radical phase. The constitutional monarchy was established in September 1971 with adoption of the first written constitution.