Prevailing characteristics of the session are active listening, empathy, acceptance (unconditional positive regard) and genuineness. Holistic Health (Biopsychosocial) asserts that we have physical, intellectual, social, emotional, vocational and spiritual needs -- the neglect of which reduces the ability of one to withstand the effects of stress. And we live in socio-economic conditions that can enhance or demean our long-term well-being. Strengths Based counseling focuses on what is going right in a person’s life; the counselor and client work together to find past and present successes and use these to address current and future challenges. Its first cousin, Positive Thinking or Learned Optimism, is about learning a positive perspective – focusing on what can go right.
It recommends a person centred treatment approach where service users are treated as individuals with respect to their rights (McCormack, 2010). Person centered care highlights that the mental health service puts the service user at the centre of care, and involves equality, access and protection of rights (HIQA, 2012). Person centered approach places an emphasis on the involvement of the service user and their families. Interventions should be aimed at maximising recovery from mental illness, and building on the resources within service users and within their immediate social networks to allow them to achieve meaningful integration and participation in community life. In this quality framework, it is recommended that well trained community based multidisciplinary mental health teams be put in place, offering home based and outreach services to individuals with a mental illness.
The higher level of HL, the more empowered the individual or group become (13). The concept can be used in SH by seeing HL as a risk factor or as an asset. I would use the asset approach, which is more strongly related to health promotion and empowerment. The HL is the outcome of the asset approach rather than the pre-requisite. The asset approach takes into account the HL of the group in the beginning of the program as well as providing tailored education but after that the focus becomes on developing personal knowledge and capabilities as well as social and communication skills of the clients (14).
Case management is a critically important modality in the provision of effective services for individuals who are experiencing difficulty. It is an approach to organising interventions that address the needs and circumstances that significantly impede the life chances of an individual through a collaborative process of assessment, planning, facilitation and advocacy for options and services. There are various forms of case management models and a range of theoretical lenses through which to view human development. However, these models can vary in accordance with the sector in which the dominant or priority issue is located, such as the health sector or the learning and development field. The variation within each of these areas implies that there is much discussion in the literature about the models that are most appropriate and effective for particular client groups, however, for this essay the Brokerage Model and Strengths-Based Model will be the compared models of case management.
Through this the patient shows signs of improvement with regards to exploring ones self and pushes the patient to reach their full potential and to get in touch with their emotions. This leads to the different principles to actually start applying to the patient which leads to a point of self actualization (Scholl et al. ; 2013, p.224). Self actualization could be seen as being a strength in humanism as getting in touch with emotions can be regarded as a difficult task, and by helping the patient understand the concept of controlling emotions or simply getting in touch with them is a strength of Humanism. On the other hand a weakness could possibly be the assumption that “person-centered therapists” are trustworthy since the beginning (Thorne, 2011, p. 134).
He works from an “interpersonal frame of reference” (Yalom, 2001 p. xvi) and tends to work with the terminally ill, bereaved and addiction clients. Interpersonal interaction within the group is vital to effect change and the therapist’s role is to facilitate that experience in the here and now. By members feeling a sense of belonging, hope, safety and awareness they are not alone in their issues, provides a solid foundation. Interpersonal interaction within the group enables members to release previously repressed emotions promoting healing, and the sharing of information can help educate and empower a sense of value by helping others. Members can learn coping strategies from others and interpersonal teaching can help them to develop supportive interpersonal relationships and interpersonal skills, such as empathy and tolerance.
With this narrative of disability from Michael J Fox, it is evident that the identity crisis of acquiring a new disability can confound people’s lives; yet once the person accepts the disability, true stability and empowerment is found through advocacy and support. Throughout this process of social liberation and re-framing of the social model of
Nevertheless, the principles of the biomechanical approach may form a part, if not the whole of the therapeutic programme because mobility is an important aspect of life, (Turner, Foster and Johnson, 2003). The scenario of changing nature of occupational therapy practice that can be seen in the shift from hospital to community-based work as well as the increase in the proportion of people with complex, chronic disabilities and neurological conditions further limits the use of this approach. Increased awareness of the merits of broadly based intervention as opposed to specialisation may further lessen the importance of this frame of reference in the total intervention programme (Turner, Foster and Johnson,
The ability of an individual or a family to get out of a dangerous cycle of entrapment in subsidized housing and perpetuating low income depends not only on person’s or a family’s ability to motivate themselves and achieve better situation, but also requires significant help from the government and public organizations. Shin notes that the solution to the problem involves giving subsidized families realistic opportunities such as becoming educated, opportunities to get trained, and opportunities to find sustainable employment; and fostering the motivation to take advantage of them (341). In many cases, it is the task of government and public organizations to provide effective intervention and psychological help to the people in subsidized housing. Policymakers need to provide housing aid programs which take into account a diversity of homeless population and their conditions instead of providing unconditional shelter for anyone who applies for it. Policymakers also need to recognize that homeless and low-income people are ordinary people down on their luck who are in variety of difficult situations.
Instead of focusing on the causes of distress or symptoms in the past, it looks for ways to improve one’s state of mind now. Trust between the client and the therapist is as important in cognitive and behavioural therapy as it is in any other form of psychological therapy (Waddington, 2002). There is a clear emphasis on the client and the therapist working together to form a ‘therapeutic alliance’. CBT has several defining elements and are an essential part of a client’s recovery process. The client must be involved in the therapeutic process not as an observer or as an occasional visitor, but as a core and key participant.