The Categories Of Cybercrime

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WHAT IS CYBERCRIME?
Today, the world is moving towards a point where almost everything if not everything depends on software. From banking, traffic control, telephones, health care, welfare even down to education. This tremendous development, and the rise in the capacity and accessibility of computers together with the decrease in cost, has brought about changes in every aspect of human civilization, including crime.
Cybercrime is an evil having its source in the growing necessity on computers in the current lifestyle. In a day and age when everything from calculators to wristwatches to mobile phones to televisions and to nuclear power plants is being run on computers, cybercrime has assumed rather dire implications.
The term "Cyber" is a
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Computer incidental: the crime in which a computer plays a minor role in committing the offense.

2.3 CATEGORIES OF CYBERCRIME
There are three general categories of cybercrime that will be discussed in this chapter of this paper. These categories then show us who is affected and they now ball down to the types of cybercrime. Some authors have mentioned more categories, but the three major categories are those that will be discussed in this paper
Categories of Cybercrime:
1. Against Person: According to Derek Hitch, Cybercrime done against person includes harassment by sending emails, cyber stalking, cyber bullying, child soliciting and abuse, and sharing, trafficking, posting of obscene material. Such cybercrime influence younger generation psychology in an awful manner and threaten them with weakening their growth. Cybercrime breaks user privacy and leave irreparable scars on users if not controlled.
This type of cybercrime can be in the form of cyber stalking, distributing pornography, trafficking and “grooming”. Today, law enforcement agencies are taking this category of cybercrime very seriously and are joining forces internationally to reach and arrest the
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There are many types of cybercrimes and the most common ones are explained below:
2.4.1 Cyber Stalking This is a kind of online harassment wherein the victim is subjected to a barrage of online messages and emails. Typically, these stalkers know their victims and instead of resorting to offline stalking, they use the Internet to stalk. However, if they notice that cyber stalking is not having the desired effect, they begin offline stalking along with cyber stalking to make the victims’ lives more miserable.
According to the International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, cyber stalking is expressed or implied a physical threat that creates fear through the use to computer technology such as internet, e-mail, phones, text messages, webcam, websites or videos.
According to The International Journal of Engineering and Science (IJES), the fraudster follows the victim by distributing mails and entering the chat rooms

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