It is believed that in the same place where the Chartres Cathedral stands today, there was another religious site, dedicated to Argantoreta, the Mother Goddess of the Druid mythology, one that can be compared to the Virgin Mary of the Catholic Church. The first church that has been recorded was built around the year 360. It disappeared in a fire around 740 c.e. A second cathedral is destroyed in 858 c.e. During this time, the cathedral receives an alleged relic of the Virgin, which increased the importance of the place.
This building was made in Paris, France. Hotel de Bourgogne is important in history because it is known as the first authorized theatre in Paris, France. This is where many entertainments were performed. Cyrano de Bergerac was also played here. The Siege of Arras: The Seige of Arras was a battle fought between the French and Spanish on August 25, 1654.
Summary Article 1: The last supper by Leonardo da Vinci is a popular painting located in Milan. It was painted on a dry wall where a true fresco style painting is applied on wet plaster. This painting took over 3 years to complete as da Vinci didn’t work on it consistently. Artist Leonardo was born in 1452 near Vinci in Italy and sadly passed away in France in 1519. He was an artist, scientist, architect, author, engineer, inventor and humanist.
The Notre Dame de la Belle Verrière is one of the earliest European stained glass windows, it was created between 1137 and 1160 and survived the fire of 1194 that burnt its original church (Aubrey,2013). Because it survived it was considered holy, it is also a very beautiful window and therefore was used in the Chartres Cathedral that was built in the Gothic style some years after the fire. ( Aubrey, 2013). La Belle Verrière still exists in Chartres cathedral and is surrounded by Gothic stained glass pieces to fill the space of the enormous Gothic windows (because it was made for a much smaller Romanesque styled window) (Frankl,1963). It depicts Mary and child, as centered, front facing figures that are also looking straight ahead, which are all very typical Romanesque stained glass characteristics.
The Medici will later use the Old Sacristy as a tomb for their family. This building was significant because it help set the tone for a new style of architecture. It was built around proportions and classical orders. Which become popular in the Italian Renaissance Era. It was completed around the year 1440, but
Magnificently placed in Place d’Armes, France sits the Palace of Versailles. With 700 rooms and 2,153 windows, Versailles is definitely a palace fit for a king. Construction of this marvelous monstrosity began in 1661 and ended in 1682. The grand structure cost around 100 million dollars and took 35,000 men to build. Everyday life in the palace was very meticulous everything that was done was accompanied by ceremony.
The beautiful mosaics of the virgin mary and the fourteenth century florentine gothic structures of the duomo are enough to make anyone stop and stare. The people who constructed the Cathedral created a lot of mosaics, bas reliefs, frescoes and many other forms of pictures for pilgrims who were not able to read or were not familiar to the religion. These helped them to be able to understand the stories of the bible, the saints and other important religious stories ( see image 5).The interior of the duomo ( see image 6) contains chapels to the Virgin Mary with frescoes and mosaics of her life. It also includes a chapel for the miracle of Bolsena which hosts the blood stained cloth (see image 7). This relic was important because it showed the power of transubstantiation and the belief in god to the people.
The first item to talk about is Convento de la Merced Calzada or as it is known today as Museo de Bellas Artes de Sevilla (Fine Arts Museum of Sevilla). The building that the fine arts museum is located in is due to the initiative thinking of Fray Alonso de Monroy who was the general of the Order during the beginning of the 17th Century (FAMus). The Convento de la Merced Calzada would be constructed after they had to demolish a Mudejar building. The architect and sculptor of this building was Juan de Oviedo y de la Bandera. In this building, Juan de Oviedo really tried to make Sevilla stand out and make the building have a very late renaissance feel to it.
Saint Basil's church was looted by Napoleon and his army. Napoleon ordered to have the building destroyed but the building suffered only minor interior breakage that was repaired years later. Ivan the great bell tower was also located in the Kremlin. Napoleon heard that the top of the cathedral of annunciation was covered in gold but he mistaken the cathedral with the Ivan the great bell tower but it was only made out of iron. Napoleon was angered by this and ordered to have the bell tower destroyed but the explosion only made some cracks in the foundation walls.
Documents regarding the commissioning and execution of the Retable of Saint Paul have not emerged till the present day, however, a detailed stylistic study corresponds to a report that around the year of 1419 the Mdina cathedral was enlarged eastwards by the construction of a choir and transepts. Such development to the cathedral could have presented the opportunity of a major altarpiece commission. The date of its completion remains problematic as during this period, decades could have elapsed between the commissioning and execution of such an extensive work. There is an abundant amount of evidence of this from Sicily, where patrons were liable to demand richness and grandiosity rather than innovation of style. The retable is made up of