The Catholic Church In The Middle Ages

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Religion in the Medieval Times was dominated by Christianity; hence, the Catholic Church was the only church in Europe.The Catholic Church was the most influential establishment in medieval times, its effect permeated every element of people 's lives. The Church controlled the calendar and marked important stages of an individual 's life such as: marriage, baptism, and the eucharist. The Church also taught the meaning of life and the afterlife. The regular church, consisted of men and women who had promise vows of celibacy, obedience and poverty. Throughout history, the Catholic Church had a strong influence among many time periods especially the Middle Age’s. During the Middle Ages the Catholic Church had influenced the Middle Age’s…show more content…
An entire jurisdiction was exercised by the church which protected the widows, orphans and helpless and also dealt with offenses”. During the Middle Ages, the church used its power in alliance with other non-religious courts. The church sentenced a number of religious offenses like necromancy or witchery, heresy, and sexual immorality. The church also dealt with matrimonial cases, matters relating to the recording of wills, and legitimacy of children. In addition, Lauren DeVoe quoted, “Canons were laws based on the original teachings of Christ 's apostles that governed both the hierarchy of the church and the lives of Christians.” Through the Canon Law, the church was able to hold rule over non religious leaders, often caused conflicts between the church. Therefore, the Canon law then became the fundamentals of the common law. The law making of the church uses the Roman Justinian law as a support of its structure. The system used an inquisitorial style of legal proceedings, where a team of judges take out those…show more content…
In the Middle Ages, the social classes were organized into a strict hierarchical structure of a pyramid. According to Newman, “The Royalty were the highest of the Social Classes in the Middle Ages. The Royalty included Kings, Queens, Princes, and Princesses. Royals had complete power over the land and political and economic decisions during the Middle Ages.” The King held the highest position in the hierarchy. The King had to remove poverty from the Kingdom, make laws, and take care of the citizens. Next, queens played an important part in the Medieval class system. Queens were usually the second in command, and often served as regents when their King was unfit to rule, either because he was ill or considered too young to make decisions. Next was the Duke, according to Newman, “Nobility had the most power of the social classes in the Middle Ages. Nobility included hereditary nobility, which were those whose power was bestowed on them through blood relations, and non-hereditary nobility.” Below the royalties was the Duke. A Duke was the ruler of a province, which was the highest ranking in the nobility. The female equivalent of a Duke was a Duchess. Lastly, according to heeve.com “Women in the Middle ages were treated as the second class members within their social class.” There were three types of women during the middle ages: peasant women, noble women, and the women in the service of the Catholic church. Peasant women had substantial rights within their social class,

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