Marilyn Monroe Autopsy PictureExternal examination: The unembalmed body is that of a 36-year-old well-developed, well-nourished Caucasian female weighing 117 pounds and measuring 65-1/2 inches in length. The scalp is covered with bleached blond hair. The eyes are blue. The fixed lividitv is noted in the face, neck, chest, upper portions of arms and the right side of the abdomen. The faint lividity which disappears upon pressure is noted in the back and posterior aspect of the arms and legs. A slight ecchymotic area is noted in the left hip and left side of lower back. The breast shows no significant lesion. There is a horizontal 3-inch long surgical scar in the right upper quadrant of the abdomen. A suprapubic surgical scar measuring 5 inches in length is noted. The conjunctivae are markedly congested; however, no ecehymosis or petechiae are noted. The nose shows no evidence of fracture. The external auditory canals are not remarkable:. No evidence of trauma is noted in the scalp, forehead, cheeks, lips or chin. The neck shows no evidence of trauma. Examination of the hands and nails shows no defects. The lower extremities show no evidence of trauma.
The lower end of the humerus has two rounded knobs the lateral and medial condyles. Between the two of these is a hole that extends completely through the bone, this is called the supratrochlear foramen. The ulna and radius act as one bone and are held together firmly by ligaments and always move together. The upper end of the ulna has a hook like process that fits perfectly in the supratrochlear foramen of the humerus. On the ulna there is a ridge called the trochlear notch, this fits against and rotates between the medial and lateral condyles on the humerus. At the base of the trochlear notch and at either side of it are the medial and lateral coronoid process that both the lateral and medial condyles of the humerus rest on the support the dogs weight. The upper end of the radius lies between the coronoid process of the ulna also supporting the dogs
ROYGBV (visible light) detected by light sensitive cells in the eye called rods and cones. Trichromatic
Cochlear Implants are small devices that are surgically implanted into the brains of the Deaf or severely hard of hearing that provide electronic pulses to the brain. These pulses are interpreted as sound representatives that mimic speech and other noises (NICDC). The process of being implanted is as minimally invasive as possible. The procedure takes approximately three hours and the patient is usually able to return home on the same day (Vanderbilt Bill Wilkerson Center). To begin, the surgeon cuts a small incision in the skin just behind the ear to expose the skull. Then, it is necessary to remove the “aerated bone,” also known as a mastoidectomy. This process does not harm the ear canal and ear drum. Once this is complete, the implant is
On September 3, 1929, the day that was known as Black thursday, would forever change the United States economy and its very history. Supreme distress and turmoil would very accurately describe the stock exchange environment that day as some sixteen million shares were traded and investors were wiped out. The morning of the crash the market was doing considerably well rising people were buying, then the market started to decline and then a complete drop, which caused average Americans to lose lots of money. That day caused businesses to close banks to shut their doors and people were left to the streets for the next few years America would be in financial turmoil.
The human retina is full of photoreceptor cells, cells that detect light, that are essential for proper vision. These cells contain the protein, rhodopsin, that enables them to detect light. When exposed to light part of these proteins detach from the phospholipid bilayer and enter the cell to be either destroyed or recycled to form more rhodopsin. However, the process by which rhodopsin is recycled has been mostly unknown until now. Similar processes are used in other cells to maintain the large surface areas they need to function, such as cells in the gut and lungs. This research relates to biology as it studies the changes in cells required to maintain homeostasis, a state of internal regulation required by all living organisms. This information is not only relevant to biology, but also to the general community as it could be used to better understand and treat macular degeneration, a disease in which vision and light sensitivity is gradually lost.
Trichechus manatus lattirostris or the Florida manatee is a subspecies of the West Indian manatee (Trichechus manatus) (Bauer et al., 2012; Marshall and Huth, 1998). Manatees are herbivores and spend several hours consuming different vegetation (Marshall and Huth, 1998). This is quite impressive as Florida manatees have poor acuity and often live in murky waters (Gaspard et al., 2013; Bauer et al., 2012; Reep et al., 2002). Vibrissae or tactile hairs present on the entire body may allow them to differentiate vegetation (Marshall and Huth, 1998). Tactile hairs possess innervated blood filled sinuses that transmits an automatic feedback from their environment (Gaspard et al., 2013; Reep et al., 2002). However cranial and post-cranial vibrissae
Being born with abnormalities is a growing incidence that people existing in this world have to learn to brave. Congenital aural atresia, failure of development of the external auditory canal, is one of the pathologies leading to challenging circumstances for those it possesses, but with growing knowledge and the advancement of technologies we are oftentimes able to find an improvable resolution. The surgical management and rehabilitation of aural atresia has varying results because each person’s condition is different; unilateral vs. bilateral atresia, age, medical history, anatomy of facial nerves and other parts, expectations, hospital and family support, etc. are all things to be considered while making the choice of treatment (Lo et al., 2014). Although some studies have shown the requirement of revision surgeries, Christensen (2015) discusses how they have proven to be successful in displaying lasting, positive results, which proves to be the main concern for the doctors involved. Helping someone achieve the optimal level of hearing is a rewarding opportunity not only for the patient but also for everyone involved in the magnificent journey to an enhancement in life. So whichever path they chose as long as they are healthy and happy, everyone is
The purpose of this study is to observe the particular animals territorial behavior by examining through various experiments performed on the field. The animal that I chose for the ethology paper is the song sparrows (Melospiza melodia). Song sparrows are found throughout most of North America and in the Midwestern United States. They live in areas of open habitats, edges of wetlands, fields, shrubs, trees, near ponds and they are also found near human habitations. The song sparrows that are found near the human habitats do not sense danger as they are used to humans but if humans go near them, some of them would change their songs/sounds. Human disturbance can have morphological or physiological effects on wildlife
Explain the organization of neurons into modules in the striate cortex. Specify which neurons respond to color, orientation and
Conspecific interactions help determine how effective an individual is in its environment (Hellman & Hamilton 2014). Neolamprologus pulcher, or chchlids, are a social species that live in cooperatively breeding groups who also interact with neighboring groups (Hellman & Hamilton 2014). One interaction within the species that was studied was the aggressive interactions with a predator based on the presence or absence of neighbors (Hellman & Hamilton 2014). It was predicted that the cichlids would increase their defense when neighbors were present with the subordinates being especially sensitive to their presence and also that defense against predators would be higher when unfamiliar neighbors were around versus familiar ones (Hellman & Hamilton
Enhanced senses - This is split into one of four abilities, enhanced speed, strength, hearing, or sight. They are not like superman's powers, there is still a limit. Cats cannot travel at the speed of light, or see to the end of the world. Rather, they can noticeably run faster than average, and see finer details in the distance much easier.
Tinnitus is defined as a phantom sensation of sound perceived by an individual in the absence of any external sound source (1). Dobie reported chronic tinnitus to be prevalent more among seniors (12% after age 60) than in young adults (5% in the 20-30 age groups) but also agreed that it can take place at any age (2). Tinnitus sensation in 2-3% of the general population has been found to affect the quality of life, involving sleep disorder, defect at work and psychiatric distress. Chronic tinnitus has been reported to be associated with the noise-induced hearing
Sight is one of the special senses and it is accomplished with an organ called the eye. The eye receives light and transforms the photon signal into an electrical signal that the brain interprets. This transformation of information is done via the photoreceptor cells found at the back of the eye on the retina. The photoreceptors, rods and cones, are distributed across the back of the eye to capture all light with a higher concentration found in the fovea for fine vision. The light stimulates rods and cones resulting in a change in their membrane potential. This change results in a cascade of signals via sensory nerve cells along an optic nerve to the visual cortex. The image that is seen is focused on via the use of both intraocular and extraocular
In this experiment, a virtual program designed to demonstrate the swimming of a virtual fish, was used. This program is called SWIMMY. SWIMMY was used in this experiment to determine the circuits that are used in the movement of an animal. This is done by presenting the neurons and the neural circuits in a body which can allow and show the movement of the fish’s tail virtually. The movement of the fish tail occurs by the activation of motor neurons. Moore and Stewart, 2007 These two motor neurons can be used to form a circuit that has the ability to generate movement of the fish’s tail in this experiment, however, the neural circuits that will be examined in this experiment are usually used in fish for movement, digestion and respiration, as well as memory and the ability to perceive objects in certain areas. Marder and Bucher, 2001 Buzsáki, 2005; Gloveli et al., 2005