Foreign-owned companies pay less bribes, as well as larger and older firms, state-owned enterprises, as well as companies in the small towns or rural areas. The level of corruption is still higher in those countries where the weaker policies, as well as where the authorities weaker. One of the most visible areas of taxation reforms there. European and Asian countries have made a single tax. In countries at this time to identify the most significant reduction in the level of corruption in tax administration, and in matters of tax evasion.
The concept of morality is commonly believed to be a byproduct of religion with “[n]early half of Americans believ[ing] that morality is impossible without belief in god” (Pyysiäinen 44). Yet, the correlation between the two seems to be less concrete with research showing that “[c]ountries with high rates of religiosity tend to have higher rates of homicide, juvenile mortality (including suicide), sexually transmitted diseases and adolescent pregnancy, and abortion ( 45). Moreover, a study evaluated by Pyysiäinen finds that “religiosity has little to nothing to do with how people evaluate the goodness or badness and acceptability vs. non-acceptability of particular moral judgements” (Pyysiäinen 47). Instead of religion creating morals, Broom
Edward Gibbon, was a Modern historian of ancient Rome, his work has some extreme biases against Christianity but other than that he is thesis seems a little clouded to me besides the fact blaming Christianity for the on stability brought on to the ancient Romans. However, The point of view that he is trying to get across I also see his theories as being true just as much is Heather 's theories. Giddon, may not have brought up significant reasons behind the economic reasoning behind the loss but he did see barbarian tried as a force that needed to be dealt with early and often. But he does explain as well that the loss of the Roman military power was a major reason behind their lack a fight against these border tribes. Like Heather he brings up how the Roman Empire had to outsource their fighting in the military this he points out the loss of military
They found a significant and negative relationship between income and democracy. That means higher or lower incomes per capita hinder or trigger democratization. They drew information from two sources of variation overlooked by previous scholars. One is cross country variation in the short term responses to income shocks; another is variation in the structure and composition of income. In countries that receive little or no income from resources the relationship between democracy and income is positive and significant.
It can cost people and their freedom, health, money and sometimes their lives. The cause of corruption is a public authority and its abuse, and links corruption to the state, its activities, state intervention on the market and the existence of the public sector. It is grand, petty and political. Leslie Palmier (1983, p.207) describes corruption as the use of public office for private advantage. According to Friedrich (1966, pp.174-5) the use of public office for private advantage is not always widely perceived in a given society to be corrupt “Particularly if an individual making personal gain is simultaneously making a positive contribution to the society.
Economic development affects the evolution of institutions and political change. According to Jong-a-Pin (2009) “the higher degrees of political instability lead to lower economic growth”. Political instability also reduces governmental prospects affecting the economy
As an example, Werlin (1973) stated that “corruption as the use of public agency for private necessities”. Great levels of corruption perception could have more demoralizing effects than corruption itself whereas generating bad effects in the economy such as the evolution of institutional instability and the deterioration of the connections between individuals, organizations and federations. Corrupted economies are just not capable to function correctly as corruption stops the
Dell has higher turnover compare to Acer and Acer will be at risk because lower turnover will consider not so good performance by the investors and bank as it will lead to lower assets. The last ratio will be Acid Quick ratio, Acer has ratio of 0.94:1 while Dell 0.97:1. This shows Acer is slower in paying debts with current assets excluding inventory which is easily converted into
Also submitting that though no country is completely free from corruption, studies show that the level of corruption in LDCs is much higher than it is in developed countries. Mapping out countries using the CPI he opines that highly corrupt countries are not capable of prospering fully as those with a low level of corruption. This signifies that corruption and economic growth are adversely related. He buttresses that ‘corrupted economies are just not able to function properly because corruption prevents the natural laws of the economy from functioning freely’. As such all economic and social indices are lower in countries with a high level of corruption, indicating that corruption in a nation's political and economic operations causes its entire society to